Structural Health Monitoring of Long Span Suspension Bridges

Author: You Lin Xu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0415597935
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Long span suspension bridges cost billions. In recent decades, structural health monitoring systems have been developed to measure the loading environment and responses of these bridges in order to assess serviceability and safety while tracking the symptoms of operational incidents and potential damage. This helps ensure the bridge functions properly during a long service life and guards against catastrophic failure under extreme events. Although these systems have achieved some success, this cutting-edge technology involves many complex topics that present challenges to students, researchers, and engineers alike. Systematically introducing the fundamentals and outlining the advanced technologies for achieving effective long-term monitoring, Structural Health Monitoring of Long-Span Suspension Bridges covers: The design of structural health monitoring systems Finite element modelling and system identification Highway loading monitoring and effects Railway loading monitoring and effects Temperature monitoring and thermal behaviour Wind monitoring and effects Seismic monitoring and effects SHMS-based rating method for long span bridge inspection and maintenance Structural damage detection and test-bed establishment These are applied in a rigorous case study, using more than ten years' worth of data, to the Tsing Ma suspension bridge in Hong Kong to examine their effectiveness in the operational performance of a real bridge. The Tsing Ma bridge is the world's longest suspension bridge to carry both a highway and railway, and is located in one of the world’s most active typhoon regions. Bridging the gap between theory and practice, this is an ideal reference book for students, researchers, and engineering practitioners.

Wind Effects on Cable Supported Bridges

Author: You-Lin Xu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118188306
Format: PDF, Docs
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As an in-depth guide to understanding wind effects on cable-supported bridges, this book uses analytical, numerical and experimental methods to give readers a fundamental and practical understanding of the subject matter. It is structured to systemically move from introductory areas through to advanced topics currently being developed from research work. The author concludes with the application of the theory covered to real-world examples, enabling readers to apply their knowledge. The author provides background material, covering areas such as wind climate, cable-supported bridges, wind-induced damage, and the history of bridge wind engineering. Wind characteristics in atmospheric boundary layer, mean wind load and aerostatic instability, wind-induced vibration and aerodynamic instability, and wind tunnel testing are then described as the fundamentals of the subject. State-of-the-art contributions include rain-wind-induced cable vibration, wind-vehicle-bridge interaction, wind-induced vibration control, wind and structural health monitoring, fatigue analysis, reliability analysis, typhoon wind simulation, non-stationary and nonlinear buffeting response. Lastly, the theory is applied to the actual long-span cable-supported bridges. Structured in an easy-to-follow way, covering the topic from the fundamentals right through to the state-of-the-art Describes advanced topics such as wind and structural health monitoring and non-stationary and nonlinear buffeting response Gives a comprehensive description of various methods including CFD simulations of bridge and vehicle loading Uses two projects with which the author has worked extensively, Stonecutters cable-stayed bridge and Tsing Ma suspension bridge, as worked examples, giving readers a practical understanding

Structural Health Monitoring 2006

Author: Alfredo Güemes
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 9781932078633
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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These proceedings of the Third European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring held at the Conference Centre in Granada, Spain, in July of 2006 includes four keynote presentations and 170 technical papers written by an international group of contributors. Papers discuss technology and activities related to damage detection and evaluation in engin

Inspection Evaluation and Maintenance of Suspension Bridges Case Studies

Author: Sreenivas Alampalli
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466596899
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An Insiders’ Guide to Inspecting, Maintaining, and Operating Bridges Suspension bridges are graceful, aesthetic, and iconic structures. Due to their attractiveness and visibility, they are well-known symbols of major cities and countries in the world. They are also essential form of transportation infrastructure built across large bodies of water. Despite being expensive to build, they are economical structures for the lengths they span. They have evolved significantly from the basic concept dating back to 200 BC China through the first design for a bridge resembling a modern suspension bridge, attributed to Fausto Veranzio in 1595, to present day span lengths close to two kilometers. Offers Insight from Bridge Owners across the Globe Many of these bridges carry significant traffic, and their upkeep is very important to maintain transportation mobility. They offer grace and functionality, yet are extremely complex to construct and maintain. Bridge owners spend considerable amount of time and resources to ensure uninterrupted service, safety, and security for users. Inspection, evaluation, maintenance, and rehabilitation have evolved significantly. Modern materials and innovative design and construction practices have been integrated into these bridges to maintain durability and extended service life. Inspection, Evaluation and Maintenance of Suspension Bridges Case Studies gives detailed case studies of the Manhattan, Akashi Kaikyo, Tsing Ma, Storebælt East, Forth Road, Bronx–Whitestone, George Washington, Angus L. Macdonald, Mid-Hudson, Shantou Bay, and Kingston–Port Ewen Bridges. It is written by the owners and practitioners who strive to cost-effectively manage them, and applies all the inspection, evaluation, and rehabilitation methods discussed in the companion volume to give a comprehensive picture of how suspension bridges are managed. It is invaluable to everyone interested not only in suspension bridges but also in the upkeep of any bridges – students, designers, maintenance personnel, contractors, and owners.

Bridge Maintenance Safety Management Health Monitoring and Informatics IABMAS 08

Author: Hyun-Moo Koh
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439828434
Format: PDF
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An extensive collection of 550 revised papers on most recent advances in bridge maintenance, safety, management and life-cycle performance. This is a major contribution to the state-of-the-art in all aspects of the field, containing papers from leading experts. Set of Book with keynote papers and extended abstracts plus a 4500 pages, searchable, full-paper CD-ROM.

Structural Health Monitoring 2000

Author: Fu-Kuo Chang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781566768818
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Comprising 102 papers presented by researchers from all over the world, the proceedings of this workshop contain current information about a variety of structural health monitoring technologies, as well as their current and potential applications in various fields. Emphasis is placed on those technologies that are promising for future applications in industry and government and the infrastructures that are needed to support such technological development. The content of the workshop is divided into keynote presentations (ten altogether), aerospace applications, general applications, civil applications, integration and systems, sensors, and signal processing and diagnostic methods. Includes the editor's summary report on the results of the panel discussions and presentations from the First International Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring held at Stanford U. in September 1997. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Structural Health Monitoring of Large Civil Engineering Structures

Author: Hua-Peng Chen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119166438
Format: PDF
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The book will provide a critical review of key developments in the structural health monitoring technologies applied to civil engineering structures. It covers all aspects required for such monitoring in the field, including sensors and networks, data acquisition and processing, damage detection techniques and damage prognostics techniques. A number of case studies, showing how the techniques can be applied to large civil engineering structures are included.

Sensing Issues in Civil Structural Health Monitoring

Author: Farhad Ansari
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402036606
Format: PDF
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Civil infrastructure systems are generally the most expensive assets in any country, and these systems are deteriorating at an alarming rate. In addition, these systems have a long service life in comparison to most other commercial products. As well, the introduction of intelligent materials and innovative design approaches in these systems is painfully slow due to heavy relianceon traditional construction and maintenance practices, and the conservative nature of design codes. Feedback on the "state of the health" of constructed systems is practically nonexistent. In the quest for lighter, stronger and corrosion-resistant structures, the replacement of ferrous materials by high-strength fibrous ones is being actively pursued in several countries around the world, both with respect to the design of new structures as well as for the rehabilitation and strengthening of existing ones. In North America, active research in the design of new highway bridges is focused on a number of specialty areas, including the replacement of steel reinforcing bars in concrete deck slabs by randomly distributed low-modulus fibers, and the replacement of steel prestressing cables for concrete components by tendons comprising super-strong fibers. Research is also being conducted on using FRPs to repair and strengthen existing structures.

Smart Civil Structures

Author: You-Lin Xu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498743994
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A smart civil structure integrates smart materials, sensors, actuators, signal processors, communication networks, power sources, diagonal strategies, control strategies, repair strategies, and life-cycle management strategies. It should function optimally and safely in its environment and maintain structural integrity during strong winds, severe earthquakes, and other extreme events. This book extends from the fundamentals to the state-of-the-art. It covers the elements of smart civil structures, their integration, and their functions. The elements consist of smart materials, sensors, control devices, signal processors, and communication networks. Integration refers to multi-scale modelling and model updating, multi-type sensor placement, control theory, and collective placement of control devices and sensors. And the functions include structural health monitoring, structural vibration control, structural self-repairing, and structural energy harvesting, with emphasis on their synthesis to form truly smart civil structures. It suits civil engineering students, professionals, and researchers with its blend of principles and practice.