Structural Health Monitoring with Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors

Author: Victor Giurgiutiu
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124201024
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Structural Health Monitoring with Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors, Second Edition provides an authoritative theoretical and experimental guide to this fast-paced, interdisciplinary area with exciting applications across a range of industries. The book begins with a detailed yet digestible consolidation of the fundamental theory relating to structural health monitoring (SHM). Coverage of fracture and failure basics, relevant piezoelectric material properties, vibration modes in different structures, and different wave types provide all the background needed to understand SHM and apply it to real-world structural challenges. Moving from theory to experimental practice, the book then provides the most comprehensive coverage available on using piezoelectric wafer active sensors (PWAS) to detect and quantify damage in structures. Updates to this edition include circular and straight-crested Lamb waves from first principle, and the interaction between PWAS and Lamb waves in 1-D and 2-D geometries. Effective shear stress is described, and tuning expressions between PWAS and Lamb waves has been extended to cover axisymmetric geometries with a complete Hankel-transform-based derivation. New chapters have been added including hands-on SHM case studies of PWAS stress, strain, vibration, and wave sensing applications, along with new sections covering essential aspects of vibration and wave propagation in axisymmetric geometries. Comprehensive coverage of underlying theory such as piezoelectricity, vibration, and wave propagation alongside experimental techniques Includes step-by-step guidance on the use of piezoelectric wafer active sensors (PWAS) to detect and quantify damage in structures, including clear information on how to interpret sensor signal patterns Updates to this edition include a new chapter on composites and new sections on advances in vibration and wave theory, bringing this established reference in line with the cutting edge in this emerging area

Structural Health Monitoring of Aerospace Composites

Author: Victor Giurgiutiu
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012410441X
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Structural Health Monitoring of Aerospace Composite Structures offers a comprehensive review of established and promising technologies under development in the emerging area of structural health monitoring (SHM) of aerospace composite structures. Beginning with a description of the different types of composite damage, which differ fundamentally from the damage states encountered in metallic airframes, the book moves on to describe the SHM methods and sensors currently under consideration before considering application examples related to specific composites, SHM sensors, and detection methods. Expert author Victor Giurgiutiu closes with a valuable discussion of the advantages and limitations of various sensors and methods, helping you to make informed choices in your structure research and development. The first comprehensive review of one of the most ardent research areas in aerospace structures, providing breadth and detail to bring engineers and researchers up to speed on this rapidly developing field Covers the main classes of SHM sensors, including fiber optic sensors, piezoelectric wafer active sensors, electrical properties sensors and conventional resistance strain gauges, and considers their applications and limitation Includes details of active approaches, including acousto-ultrasonics, vibration, frequency transfer function, guided-wave tomography, phased arrays, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (ECIS), among other emerging methods

Embedded Ultrasonic Structural Radar with Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors for Damage Detection in Cylindrical Shell Structures

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Structural health monitoring (SHM) is a major component of the vehicle health monitoring (VHM) concept currently considered for the civilian and military aerospace applications. Piezoelectric wafer active sensors (PWAS) are one of the candidate embedded sensors considered for SHM applications. PWAS are inexpensive, non-intrusive, un-obtrusive, devices that can be used in both active and passive modes. In active mode, PWAS generated Lamb waves that can be used for damage detection through pulse-echo or pitch-catch techniques. An efficient application of the pulse-echo method with PWAS technology is through the phased array technique. In the embedded ultrasonics structural radar (EUSR) concept, an array of closely spaced PWAS is used to detect structural cracks based on the scanning beam principle with guided Lamb waves. A scanning beam of ultrasonic Lamb waves works like "structural radar". When encountering a crack, it generates echoes and backscatter. This concept was initially developed by the authors for guided Lamb waves traveling in flat plates. In this paper, the EUSR concept is extended to cylindrical shells. First, the theory of guided waves in cylindrical shells, with the associated modes and dispersive frequencies is reviewed. It is shown that cylindrical shells accept three types of guided ultrasonic waves: longitudinal, flexural, and torsional. The first and second of these ways can be associated with the Lamb waves in flat plates, while the third can be related to the shear-horizontal guided waves in flat plates. Subsequently, the paper describes validation experiments performed on cylindrical shells of various curvatures. It is shown that the EUSR concept works on cylindrical shells with curvatures representative to actual aircraft structure just as well as it works on flat plates.

Structural Health Monitoring of Civil Infrastructure Systems

Author: Vistasp M. Karbhari
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845696824
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Structural health monitoring is an extremely important methodology in evaluating the ‘health’ of a structure by assessing the level of deterioration and remaining service life of civil infrastructure systems. This book reviews key developments in research, technologies and applications in this area of civil engineering. It discusses ways of obtaining and analysing data, sensor technologies and methods of sensing changes in structural performance characteristics. It also discusses data transmission and the application of both individual technologies and entire systems to bridges and buildings. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure systems is a valuable reference for students in civil and structural engineering programs as well as those studying sensors, data analysis and transmission at universities. It will also be an important source for practicing civil engineers and designers, engineers and researchers developing sensors, network systems and methods of data transmission and analysis, policy makers, inspectors and those responsible for the safety and service life of civil infrastructure. Reviews key developments in research, technologies and applications Discusses systems used to obtain and analyse data and sensor technologies Assesses methods of sensing changes in structural performance

Piezoelectric Materials and Devices

Author: M. S. Vijaya
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439887888
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Piezoelectric Materials and Devices: Applications in Engineering and Medical Sciences provides a complete overview of piezoelectric materials, covering all aspects of the materials starting from fundamental concepts. The treatment includes physics of piezoelectric materials, their characteristics and applications. The author uses simple language to explain the theory of piezoelectricity and introduce readers to the properties and design of different types of piezoelectric materials, such as those used in engineering and medical device applications. This book: Introduces various types of dielectrics and their classification based on their characteristics Addresses the mathematical formulation of piezoelectric effects and the definition of various piezoelectric constants Describes the structure and properties of practical piezoelectric materials such as quartz, lead zirconate titanate, barium titanate, zinc oxide, and polyvinylidene fluoride Covers the entire gamut of piezoelectric devices used in engineering and medical applications Discusses briefly the use of piezoelectric materials for energy harvesting and structural health monitoring Explores new developments in biomedical applications of piezoelectric devices such as drug delivery, blood flow and blood pressure monitoring, robotic operating tools, etc. Elaborates on design and virtual prototyping of piezoelectric devices through the use of FE software tools ANSYS and PAFEC Giving design engineers, scientists, and technologists the information and guidance they will need to adopt piezoelectric materials in the development of smart devices, this book will also motivate engineering and science students to initiate new research for developing innovative devices. Its contents will be invaluable to both students and professionals seeking a greater understanding of fundamentals and applications in the evolving field of piezoelectrics.

Structural Health Monitoring 2013 A Roadmap to Intelligent Structures

Author: Fu-Kuo Chang
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 1605951153
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Original research on SHM sensors, quantification strategies, system integration and control for a wide range of engineered materials New applications in robotics, machinery, as well as military aircraft, railroads, highways, bridges, pipelines, stadiums, tunnels, space exploration and energy production Continuing a critical book series on structural health monitoring (SHM), this two-volume set (with full-text searchable CD-ROM) offers, as its subtitle implies, a guide to greater integration and control of SHM systems. Specifically, the volumes contain new research that will enable readers to more efficiently link sensor detection, diagnostics/quantification, overall system functionality, and automated, e.g., robotic, control, thus further closing the loop from inherent signal-based damage detection to responsive real-time maintenance and repair. SHM performance is demonstrated in monitoring the behavior of composites, metals, concrete, polymers and selected nanomaterials in a wide array of surroundings, including harsh environments, under extreme (e.g., seismic) loading and in space. New information on smart sensors and network optimization is enhanced by novel statistical and model-based methods for signal processing and data quantification. A special feature of the book is its explanation of emerging control technologies. Research in these volumes was initially presented in September 2013 at the 9th International Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring (IWSHM), held at Stanford University and sponsored by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the Army Research Laboratory, and the Office of Naval Research.

Effect of Structural Damping on the Tuning Between Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors and Lamb Waves

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Piezoelectric wafer active sensors have been widely used for Lamb-wave generation and acquisition. For selective preferential excitation of a certain Lamb-wave mode and rejection of other modes, the piezoelectric wafer active sensor size and the excitation frequency should be tuned. However, structural damping depends on the structure material and the excitation frequency and it will affect the amplitude response of piezoelectric wafer active sensor–excited Lamb waves in the structure, that is, tuning curves. Its influence on the piezoelectric wafer active sensor tuning reflects the effect of structural health monitoring configuration considered in the excitation. Therefore, it is important to have knowledge about the effect of structural damping on the tuning between piezoelectric wafer active sensor and Lamb waves. In this article, the analytical tuning solution of undamped media is extended to damped materials using the Kelvin–Voigt damping model, in which a complex Young’s modulus is utilized to include the effect of structural damping as an improvement over existing models. This extension is particularly relevant for the structural health monitoring applications on high-loss materials, such as metallic materials with viscoelastic coatings and fiber-reinforced polymer composites. The effects of structural damping on the piezoelectric wafer active sensor tuning are successfully captured by the improved model, with experimental validations on an aluminum plate with adhesive films on both sides and a quasi-isotropic woven composite plate using circular piezoelectric wafer active sensor transducers.

Structural Health Monitoring 2011

Author: Fu-Kuo Chang
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 160595053X
Format: PDF
Download Now
This 2-volume set of books, comprising over 2,700 total pages, presents 325 fully original presentations on recent advances in structural health monitoring, as applied to commercial and military aircraft (manned and unmanned), high-rise buildings, wind turbines, civil infrastructure, power plants and ships. One general theme of the books is how SHM can be used for condition-based maintenance, with the goal of developing prediction-based systems, designed to save money over the life of vehicles and structures. A second theme centers on technologies for developing systems comprising sensors, diagnostic data and decision-making, with a focus on intelligent materials able to respond to damage and in some cases repair it. Finally the books discuss the relation among data, data interpretation and decision-making in managing a wide variety of complex structures and vehicles. More recent technologies discussed in the books include SHM and environmental effects, energy harvesting, non-contact sensing, and intelligent networks.Material in these books was first presented in September, 2011 at a conference held at Stanford University and sponsored by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the Army Research Office, the Office of Naval Research and the National Science Foundation. Some of the highlights of the books include: SHM technologies for condition-based maintenance (CBM) and predictive maintenance Verification, validation, qualification, data mining, prognostics systems for decision-making Structural health, sensing and materials in closed-loop intelligent networks Military and aerospace, bioinspired sensors, wind turbines, monitoring with MEMS, damage sensing, hot spot monitoring, SHM and ships, high-rise structures Includes a fully-searchable CD-ROM displaying many figures and charts in full color

Innovation in Smart Materials and Structural Health Monitoring for Composite Applications

Author: F. Mustapha
Publisher: Materials Research Forum LLC
ISBN: 194529129X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Structural health monitoring (SHM) is an automated approach to determine any changes in the integrity of mechanical systems. The SHM system gives information in real time and online. The book explains and discusses the advantages of Root Mean Square Deviation (RMSD) techniques. Special focus is placed on applications of structural health monitoring of bio-composite turbine blades for vertical axis wind turbines.

Lamb Waves for Structural Health Monitoring in Viscoelastic Composite Materials

Author: Mircea Calomfirescu
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
ISBN: 3832519467
Format: PDF
Download Now
Strucural Health Monitoring (SHM) is a novel philosophy for an autonomous, built-in nondestructive evalution of structural "health" on demand to reduce life-cycle costs, increase safety and reduce structural weight. This dissertation investigates ultrasonic guided waves, particulary Lamb waves, and their propagation properties as a method to perform Health Monitoring of viscoelastic composite structures.