Structure and Chemistry of Crystalline Solids

Author: Bodie Douglas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387366873
Format: PDF
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Understandable by anyone concerned with crystals or solid state properties dependent on structure Presents a general system using simple notation to reveal similarities and differences among crystal structures More than 300 selected and prepared figures illustrate structures found in thousands of compounds

Structure and Chemistry of Crystalline Solids

Author: Bodie Douglas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Crystallographers have an elegant system using definitive notation for describing crystal structures, but it does not serve the needs of many others working with crystaline solids. Most chemists, metallurgists, mineralogists, geologists and workers in material sciences need a simpler system and notation for describing crystal structures. This book presents a widely applicable system with simple notation giving important information about the structure and the chemical environment of ions or molecules. It is easily understood and used by those concerned with structural similarities among similar compounds and applications dependent on structure-properties relationships. Most of the books on crystal structures are more than two decades old. This book addresses the needs of people working with crystal structures in chemistry, mineralogy, geology, metallurgy, and materials science.

Physical Chemistry of Solids

Author: H. F. Franzen
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810211547
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is about the underlying principles of symmetry, thermodynamics and electronic structure that pertain to crystalline solids. After years of teaching graduate students in the areas covered, the author has a good idea of what major notions of group theory and thermodynamics are useful to students of solid state chemistry, and of what fundamental concepts are necessary for a clear understanding. Thus the book deals with lattice symmetry, space groups, reciprocal space, Landau theory, X-ray diffraction, heterogeneous equilibria and simple band theory, in a rigorous and thorough treatment.

Solid State Chemistry and Its Applications

Author: Anthony R. West
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471908746
Format: PDF, Docs
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The first broad account offering a non-mathematical, unified treatment of solid state chemistry. Describes synthetic methods, X-ray diffraction, principles of inorganic crystal structures, crystal chemistry and bonding in solids; phase diagrams of 1, 2 and 3 component systems; the electrical, magnetic, and optical properties of solids; three groups of industrially important inorganic solids--glass, cement, and refractories; and certain aspects of organic solid state chemistry, including the ``organic metal'' of new materials.

Crystal Structures

Author: M Ladd
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782420460
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This survey of the important types of inorganic and organic crystal structures treats its subject thoroughly and in sufficient depth for undergraduate modules in chemistry courses. Features of this book are the instructions for 3D stereoviewing which is central to a full appreciation of the presentation. Clear directions for making your own stereo have been provided in the book, which enables readers to examine the plentiful stereo of lattices and crystal structures which are illustrated. The introductory chapter explains point-group and space-group symmetry insofar as required to understand lattices and crystal structures. Crystal structures are sub-divided according to the atomic force mainly responsible for cohesion in the solid state, The descriptions of the structures are gi in crystallographic terms, including data on the space group, molecular symmetry and molecular geometry. Discussions of bonding theory for each sub-division of the structures enhance and strengthen the author’s presentation. The book stems from the author’s successful lecture courses, tested and refined in class teaching. It draws as necessary on equilibrium thermodynamics and other chemical topics, with avoidance of advanced mathematics, A level being the prerequisite. Examines the important types of inorganic and organic crystal structures Includes instructions for making simple stereoviewers and computer programs Draws, as necessary, on equilibrium thermodynamics and other chemical topics, with avoidance of advanced mathematics

Symmetry Relationships between Crystal Structures

Author: Ulrich Müller
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191648809
Format: PDF, ePub
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In crystal chemistry and crystal physics, the relations between the symmetry groups (space groups) of crystalline solids are of special importance. Part 1 of this book presents the necessary mathematical foundations and tools: the fundamentals of crystallography with special emphasis on symmetry, the theory of the crystallographic groups, and the formalisms of the needed crystallographic computations. Part 2 gives an insight into applications to problems in crystal chemistry. With the aid of numerous examples, it is shown how crystallographic group theory can be used to make evident relationships between crystal structures, to set up a systematic order in the huge amount of known crystal structures, to predict crystal structures, to analyse phase transitions and topotactic reactions in the solid state, to understand the formation of domains and twins in crystals, and to avoid errors in crystal structure determinations. A broad range of end-of-chapter exercises offers the possibility to apply the learned material. Worked-out solutions to the exercises can be found at the end of the book.

Diffusion in Crystalline Solids

Author: G E Murch
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0323140300
Format: PDF
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Diffusion in Crystalline Solids addresses some of the most active areas of research on diffusion in crystalline solids. Topics covered include measurement of tracer diffusion coefficients in solids, diffusion in silicon and germanium, atom transport in oxides of the fluorite structure, tracer diffusion in concentrated alloys, diffusion in dislocations, grain boundary diffusion mechanisms in metals, and the use of the Monte Carlo Method to simulate diffusion kinetics. This book is made up of eight chapters and begins with an introduction to the measurement of diffusion coefficients with radioisotopes. The following three chapters consider diffusion in materials of substantial technological importance such as silicon and germanium. Atomic transport in oxides of the fluorite structure is described, and diffusion in concentrated alloys, including intermetallic compounds, is analyzed. The next two chapters delve into diffusion along short-circuiting paths, focusing on the effect of diffusion down dislocations on the form of the tracer concentration profile. The book also discusses the mechanisms of diffusion in grain boundaries in metals by invoking considerable work done on grain-boundary structure. The last two chapters are concerned with computer simulation, paying particular attention to machine calculations and the Monte Carlo method. The book concludes by exploring the fundamental atomic migration process and presenting some state-of-the-art calculations for defect energies and the topology of the saddle surface. Students and researchers of material science will find this book extremely useful.