Structures of Coastal Resilience

Author: Catherine Seavitt Nordenson
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610918592
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Structures of Coastal Resilience presents new strategies for creative and collaborative approaches to coastal planning for climate change. In the face of sea level rise and an increased risk of flooding from storm surge, we must become less dependent on traditional approaches to flood control that have relied on levees, sea walls, and other forms of hard infrastructure. But what are alternative approaches for designers and planners facing the significant challenge of strengthening their communities to adapt to uncertain climate futures? Authors Catherine Seavitt Nordenson, Guy Nordenson, and Julia Chapman have been at the forefront of research on new approaches to effective coastal resilience planning for over a decade. In Structures of Coastal Resilience, they reimagine how coastal planning might better serve communities grappling with a future of uncertain environmental change. They encourage more creative design techniques at the beginning of the planning process, and offer examples of innovative work incorporating flexible natural systems into traditional infrastructure. They also draw lessons for coastal planning from approaches more commonly applied to fire and seismic engineering. This is essential, they argue, because storms, sea level rise, and other conditions of coastal change will incorporate higher degrees of uncertainty—which have traditionally been part of planning for wildfires and earthquakes, but not floods or storms. This book is for anyone grappling with the immense questions of how to prepare communities to flourish despite unprecedented climate impacts. It offers insights into new approaches to design, engineering, and planning, envisioning adaptive and resilient futures for coastal areas.

Structures of Coastal Resilience

Author: Guy Nordenson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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A report put together by the organization Structures of Coastal Resilience, made up of researchers, engineers and architects from Princeton University, Harvard University, City College of New York, and University of Pennsylvania, in February 2014. The study, which details a study and proposal for resilient designs for urban environments on the North Atlantic coast of the United States, started as Phase 1 in October 2013. In this report of the Phase 1 of the study, the cities discussed include four urban coastal areas: Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island, Jamaica Bay, New York, Atlantic City, New Jersey, and Norfolk and Hampton Roads, Virginia.

Epigenetic Landscapes

Author: Susan Merrill Squier
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822372606
Format: PDF
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Devised in the 1940s by the biologist C. H. Waddington, the epigenetic landscape is a metaphor for how gene regulation modulates cellular development. As a scientific model, it fell out of use in the late 1960s but returned at the beginning of the twenty-first century with the advent of big-data genomic research because of its utility among scientists across the life sciences to think more creatively about and to discuss genetics. In Epigenetic Landscapes Susan Merrill Squier follows the model’s cultural trail, from its first visualization by the artist John Piper to its use beyond science. Squier examines three cases in which the metaphor has been imaginatively deployed to illustrate complex systems that link scientific and cultural practices: graphic medicine, landscape architecture, and bioArt. Challenging reductive understandings of epigenetics, Squier boldly reclaims the broader significance of the epigenetic landscape as a figure at the nexus of art, design, and science.

Planning for Coastal Resilience

Author: Timothy Beatley
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 9781610911429
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Climate change is predicted to increase the frequency and magnitude of coastal storms around the globe, and the anticipated rise of sea levels will have enormous impact on fragile and vulnerable coastal regions. In the U.S., more than 50% of the population inhabits coastal areas. In Planning for Coastal Resilience, Tim Beatley argues that, in the face of such threats, all future coastal planning and management must reflect a commitment to the concept of resilience. In this timely book, he writes that coastal resilience must become the primary design and planning principle to guide all future development and all future infrastructure decisions. Resilience, Beatley explains, is a profoundly new way of viewing coastal infrastructure—an approach that values smaller, decentralized kinds of energy, water, and transport more suited to the serious physical conditions coastal communities will likely face. Implicit in the notion is an emphasis on taking steps to build adaptive capacity, to be ready ahead of a crisis or disaster. It is anticipatory, conscious, and intentional in its outlook. After defining and explaining coastal resilience, Beatley focuses on what it means in practice. Resilience goes beyond reactive steps to prevent or handle a disaster. It takes a holistic approach to what makes a community resilient, including such factors as social capital and sense of place. Beatley provides case studies of five U.S. coastal communities, and “resilience profiles” of six North American communities, to suggest best practices and to propose guidelines for increasing resilience in threatened communities.

Die Entscheidung

Author: Naomi Klein
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104031452
Format: PDF, Kindle
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***JETZT ODER NICHTS – der provokante Gesellschaftsentwurf der international bekannten Bestsellerautorin Naomi Klein (›NoLogo‹ und ›Die Schock-Strategie‹)*** Vergessen Sie alles, was Sie über den Klimawandel zu wissen meinten: Es geht nicht nur um CO2-Emissionen, es geht um den Kapitalismus! Die weltbekannte Aktivistin Naomi Klein weckt uns aus der kollektiven Ohnmacht angesichts der Klimakatastrophe. In einer packenden Vision zeigt sie, dass wir uns dieser existentiellen Herausforderung stellen können. Wir müssen unser Wirtschaftssystem des Immer-mehr aufgeben und etwas radikal Neues wagen. Denn überall auf der Welt gibt es bereits überraschende und inspirierende Alternativen. Brillant gedacht, fundiert recherchiert, hoffnungsvoll und spannend. Ein Buch, das aufrüttelt und Lust auf die Zukunft macht. »Die Klimakatastrophe kann die Welt zum Besseren ändern.« — Naomi Klein »Naomi Klein befasst sich in ihrer unbestechlichen, leidenschaftlichen und akribischen Art mit den größten und drängendsten Fragen unserer Zeit. Ihr Werk hat die Spielregeln der Debatte verändert. Für mich zählt sie zu den inspirierendsten politischen Vordenkern der Welt von heute.« — Arundhati Roy »Zweifellos eines der wichtigsten Bücher des Jahrzehnts.« — Amitav Ghosh »Naomi Klein ist ein Genie. Sie hat für das Feld der Politik das geleistet, was Jared Diamond für die Erforschung der Geschichte des Menschen getan hat. Meisterhaft verwebt sie politische, ökonomische und historische Fakten und verdichtet sie zu einfachen und mächtigen Wahrheiten mit universeller Anwendbarkeit.« — Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. »Naomi Kleins klare Sprache und ihr Scharfsinn, machen Lust auf Veränderung und verdeutlichen die Notwendigkeit zum sofortigen Handeln.« — Charlize Theron »Eine mitreißende Pflichtlektüre!« — Michael E. Mann, Direktor des Earth System Science Center an der Pennsylvania State University

Urban Resilience for Emergency Response and Recovery

Author: Gian Paolo Cimellaro
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319306561
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book introduces the concepts of Resilience-Based Design (RBD) as an extension of Performance-Based Design. It provides readers with a range of cutting-edge methodologies for evaluating resilience and clarifies the difference between resilience, vulnerability and sustainability. Initially, the book focuses on describing the different types of uncertainty that arise in the context of resilience evaluation. This is followed by an entire chapter dedicated to the analytical and experimental recovery functions. Then, starting from the definition of resilience provided by MCEER, an extension of the methodology is provided that introduces the seven dimensions of Community Resilience, summarized in the acronym PEOPLES. They are: Population and Demographics, Environmental/Ecosystem, Organized Governmental Services, Physical infrastructures, Lifestyle and Community Competence, Economic Development, and Socio-Cultural Capital. For each dimension, components and subcomponents are defined and the related indices are provided. Underlining the importance of the physical infrastructure dimension, the book provides several examples of applications for transportation, hydraulic, gas and power networks. The problem of interdependencies and the domino effect is also taken into account during the analysis. One of the book’s closing chapters focuses on different methodologies for improving disaster preparedness and engineering mitigation strategies, while the last chapter describes the different computer platforms available on the market for evaluating Community Resilience. The book offers readers an extensive introduction to the concept of Resilience-Based Design, together with selected advanced applications for specialists. No prerequisite knowledge is needed in order to understand the book, and the Appendix offers valuable supplemental information on e.g. the probabilistic concepts. As such, the book offers a valuable resource for graduate students, young engineers and researchers who are interested in the topic, and can also be used as a supplementary text in graduate level Disaster Resilience courses.

Environmental Design Guidelines for Low Crested Coastal Structures

Author: Stephen J. Hawkins
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080555829
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The effect of manmade activities is primarily local but can extend far away from the location of intervention. This underlines the importance of establishing coastal zone management plans covering large stretches of coastlines. In recent years, interest in Low Crested Structures (coastal defense structures with a low-crest) has been growing together with awareness of the sensitivity to environmental impacts produced by coastal defenses. The relation between wave climate, beach erosion, beach defence means, habitat changes and beach value, which clearly exists based on EC research results, suggests the necessity of an integrated approach when designing coastal protection schemes. In accordance with this need, the present design guidelines cover structure stability and construction problems, hydro and morphodynamic effects, environmental effects (colonisation of the structure and water quality), societal and economic impacts (recreational benefits, swimming safety, beach quality). Environmental Design Guidelines for Low Crested Coastal Structures is specifically dedicated to Low Crested Structures, and provides methodological tools both for the engineering design of structures and for the prediction of performance and environmental impacts of such structures. A briefing of current best practice for local and national planning authorities, statutory agencies and other stakeholders in the coastal zone is also covered. Presented in a generic way, this book is appropriate throughout the European Union, taking into account current European Commission policy and directives for the promotion of sustainable development and integrated coastal zone management. Fills the gap between engineering and ecology in coastal defense planning Shows the reader how to perform an integrated design of coastal defense schemes Presents latest insights on hydro-morphodynamics induced by structures Provides directly applicable tools for the design of low crested structures Highlights socio-economic perspectives in coastal defense design