Subcortical Structures and Cognition

Author: Leonard F. Koziol
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387848686
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Clinical psychologists and neuropsychologists are traditionally taught that cognition is mediated by the cortex and that subcortical brain regions mediate the coordination of movement. However, this argument can easily be challenged based upon the anatomic organization of the brain. The relationship between the prefrontal cortex/frontal lobes and basal ganglia is characterized by loops from these anterior brain regions to the striatum, the globus pallidus, and the thalamus, and then back to the frontal cortex. There is also a cerebrocerebellar system defined by projections from the cerebral cortex to the pontine nuclei, to the cerebellar cortex and deep cerebellar nuclei, to the red nucleus and then back to thalamus and cerebral cortex, including all regions of the frontal lobes. Therefore, both the cortical-striatal and cortical-cerebellar projections are anatomically defined as re-entrant systems that are obviously in a position to influence not only motor behavior, but also cognition and affect. This represents overwhelming evidence based upon neuroanatomy alone that subcortical regions play a role in cognition. The first half of this book defines the functional neuroanatomy of cortical-subcortical circuitries and establishes that since structure is related to function, what the basal ganglia and cerebellum do for movement they also do for cognition and emotion. The second half of the book examines neuropsychological assessment. Patients with lesions restricted to the cerebellum and/or basal ganglia have been described as exhibiting a variety of cognitive deficits on neuropsychological tests. Numerous investigations have demonstrated that higher-level cognitive functions such as attention, executive functioning, language, visuospatial processing, and learning and memory are affected by subcortical pathologies. There is also considerable evidence that the basal ganglia and cerebellum play a critical role in the regulation of affect and emotion. These brain regions are an integral part of the brain’s executive system. The ability to apply new methodologies clinically is essential in the evaluation of disorders with subcortical pathology, including various developmental disorders (broadly defined to include learning disorders and certain psychiatric conditions), for the purpose of gaining greater understanding of these conditions and developing appropriate methodologies for treatment. The book is organized around three sources of evidence: neuroanatomical connections; patients with various disease processes; experimental studies, including various imaging techniques. These three sources of data present compelling evidence that the basal ganglia and cerebellum are involved in cognition, affect, and emotion. The question is no longer if these subcortical regions are involved in these processes, but instead, how they are involved. The book is also organized around two basic concepts: (1) the functional neuroanatomy of the basal ganglia and the cerebellum; and (2) how this relates to behavior and neuropsychological testing. Cognitive neuroscience is entering a new era as we recognize the roles of subcortical structures in the modulation of cognition. The fields of neuropsychology, cognitive psychology, neuropsychiatry, and neurology are all developing in the direction of understanding the roles of subcortical structures in behavior. This book is informative while defining the need and direction for new paradigms and methodologies for neuropsychological assessment.

Subcortical Structures and Cognition Implications for Neuropsychological Assessment

Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 146720918X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Facts101 is your complete guide to Subcortical Structures and Cognition, Implications for Neuropsychological Assessment. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Wie das Gehirn heilt

Author: Norman Doidge
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593432153
Format: PDF
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Selbstheilung ist keine Zauberei "Unheilbare" Krankheiten vollständig heilen? Das ist möglich. Lange stellten Mediziner bei chronischen Schmerzen, Parkinson oder Demenz die Diagnose "lebenslang". Norman Doidge durchbricht mit seinem Buch "Wie das Gehirn heilt" diese massive Wand aus Leid und Schmerz. Die revolutionäre Erkenntnis von Norman Doidge: Unser Gehirn heilt! Wie das funktioniert und welche Rolle bei der Neuroplastizität etwa traditionelle chinesische Medizin oder buddhistische Meditation spielt, zeigt er an erstaunlichen Beispielen. Ein Mann besiegt Parkinson durch Laufen, ein Blinder kann dank Meditation wieder sehen. Was nach Wunderheilung klingt, belegt Doidge mit wissenschaftlichen Studien. Und es verändert Leben. - Dieses Buch weist Millionen Patienten einen Weg aus dem Leid - ohne Operation, ohne Hokuspokus. - Es ist eine große Hoffnung für chronisch Kranke und deren Angehörige. - Neueste wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse, populär und authentisch geschrieben. - Doidges bahnbrechende Erkenntnis über Neuroplastizität ist: Durch äußere Impulse wie Licht, Wärme und Elektrizität aber eben auch simple Bewegungen, können wir unser Gehirn dazu bringen, sich selbst zu heilen. - Mit seinem Buch "Neustart im Kopf" hat Doidge bereits einen spannenden Bestseller zum Thema Neuroplastizität vorgelegt. - "Wie das Gehirn heilt" hat es bereits auf die New York Times Bestsellerliste geschafft. - "Faszinierend ... erinnert an Oliver Sacks." The Guardian

Large Scale Brain Systems and Neuropsychological Testing

Author: Leonard F. Koziol
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319282220
Format: PDF
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This leading-edge volume offers a new framework for neuropsychological testing rooted in the current evidence base on large-scale brain system interactions. Expert coverage brings traditional discrete areas of cognitive functioning (e.g., attention, memory) in line with highly nuanced relationships between cortical and subcortical processing. The new findings point to more accurate and targeted testing, as authors expand on the judicious addition of nonstandardized methods to core diagnostic tools and the underused capacity of neuropsychological testing to assess social behavior and personality. The book’s emphasis on cognition in context gives practitioners better understanding of assessment and evaluation, leading to improved diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes for individuals as well as significant improvements in the field. This innovative reference: Reframes cognitive functioning in light of current data on brain interconnectivity. Critiques current methods of neuropsychological test interpretation. Reviews known, useful interpretive methodologies within a new context. Features instructive case examples emphasizing accurate historical and test data. Revisits the strengths and limitations of the bell curve construct. Examines the interpretive significance of pathognomonic signs. Details strategies for making neuropsychological evaluations more clinically relevant. Large-Scale Brain Systems and Neuropsychological Testing combines current findings, clinical sense, and common sense to ground neuropsychologists, school psychologists, child psychologists, and clinical social workers in the effective assessment of real-world functioning.

Essentials of School Neuropsychological Assessment

Author: Daniel C. Miller
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119533236
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A concise, up-to-date review of school neuropsychological assessment that covers effective treatment planning The third edition of Essentials of School Neuropsychological Assessment offers a practical and concise overview of neuropsychological practice in schools and other pediatric clinical settings and clearly explains how to identify the need for testing. The book shows how to collect a neurodevelopmental history, choose appropriate assessment instruments, effectively evaluate students, and accurately interpret results. The third edition has been revised and updated to include the most recent advances in the field such as major neuropsychological test batteries for children, including NEPSY-II, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fifth Edition integrated, and Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System. In addition, the new edition contains updated online tools, including sample case studies, searchable databases of neuropsychological tests classified by processing area and conceptual model, a neuropsychological processing concerns checklist in both English and Spanish, and sample report shells with tables. Like all the volumes in the Essentials of Psychological Assessment series, this book is designed to help busy practitioners and school psychologists quickly acquire the knowledge and skills they need to make optimal use of major psychological assessment instruments. Each concise chapter features numerous callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points, and extensive illustrative material, as well as test questions that help you gauge and reinforce your grasp of the information covered. Essentials of School Neuropsychological Assessment, Third Edition contains unmatched guidance and direction for school psychologists and other mental health professionals who serve educators, school children, and their families.

Zur Auffassung der Aphasien Eine kritische Studie

Author: Sigmund Freud
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783744600187
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Zur Auffassung der Aphasien - Eine kritische Studie ist ein unveranderter, hochwertiger Nachdruck der Originalausgabe aus dem Jahr 1891. Hansebooks ist Herausgeber von Literatur zu unterschiedlichen Themengebieten wie Forschung und Wissenschaft, Reisen und Expeditionen, Kochen und Ernahrung, Medizin und weiteren Genres. Der Schwerpunkt des Verlages liegt auf dem Erhalt historischer Literatur. Viele Werke historischer Schriftsteller und Wissenschaftler sind heute nur noch als Antiquitaten erhaltlich. Hansebooks verlegt diese Bucher neu und tragt damit zum Erhalt selten gewordener Literatur und historischem Wissen auch fur die Zukunft bei.

The Neuropsychology of Psychopathology

Author: Chad A. Noggle, PhD, ABN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 082610701X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This clinical reference book presents state-of-the-science knowledge about the neurobiology and genetics of the major mental disorders and how this corresponds with their psychiatric features and neuropsychological traits. The text demonstrates how the application of neuropsychology to these disorders provides a more comprehensive foundation for greater accuracy in assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. The book focuses on the neuropathological and pathophysiological basis of the various symptoms, emphasizing the biological basis of each disorder. This approach stresses the importance of looking at the other functional impacts of these manifestations (for example, cognitive deficits secondary to depression). The text compares adult versus child presentation of psychiatric disorders and covers the major forms of psychopathology including ADHD; Learning Disabilities; Pervasive Developmental Disorders; Mood, Anxiety, Personality, and Schizophrenic Disorders; Cortical and Subcortical Dementias; and Delirium. The book is written for clinical professionals to increase diagnostic accuracy and intervention success and to provide a way to approach psychopathologies as disorders of the neurological system. Key Features: Provides state-of-the-science knowledge about the application of neuropsychological practice to the major forms of psychopathology Examines neurological and neuropsychological features of the major forms of psychopathology Demonstrates how the application of neurobiology and genetics to psychiatric disorders can increase accuracy of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment Considers adult versus child presentation of psychiatric disorders

Handbook of Pediatric Neuropsychology

Author: Andrew S. Davis, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826157379
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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ìBy far, the most comprehensive and detailed coverage of pediatric neuropsychology available in a single book today, Davis provides coverage of basic principles of pediatric neuropsychology, but overall the work highlights applications to daily practice and special problems encountered by the pediatric neuropsychologist.î Cecil R. Reynolds, PhD Texas A&M University "The breadth and depth of this body of work is impressive. Chapters written by some of the best researchers and authors in the field of pediatric neuropsychology address every possible perspective on brain-behavior relationships culminating in an encyclopedic textÖ. This [book] reflects how far and wide pediatric neuropsychology has come in the past 20 years and the promise of how far it will go in the next." Elaine Fletcher-Janzen, EdD, NCSP, ABPdN The Chicago School of Professional Psychology "...it would be hard to imagine a clinical situation in pediatric neuropsychology in whichthis book would fail as a valuable resource."--Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology "I believe there is much to recommend this hefty volume. It is a solid reference that I can see appreciating as a resource as I update my training bibliography."--Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society This landmark reference covers all aspects of pediatric neuropsychology from a research-based perspective, while presenting an applied focus with practical suggestions and guidelines for clinical practice. Useful both as a training manual for graduate students and as a comprehensive reference for experienced practitioners, it is an essential resource for those dealing with a pediatric population. This handbook provides an extensive overview of the most common medical conditions that neuropsychologists encounter while dealing with pediatric populations. It also discusses school-based issues such as special education law, consulting with school staff, and reintegrating children back into mainstream schools. It contains over 100 well-respected authors who are leading researchers in their respective fields. Additionally, each of the 95 chapters includes an up-to-date review of available research, resulting in the most comprehensive text on pediatric neuropsychology available in a single volume. Key Features: Provides thorough information on understanding functional neuroanatomy and development, and on using functional neuroimaging Highlights clinical practice issues, such as legal and ethical decision-making, dealing with child abuse and neglect, and working with school staff Describes a variety of professional issues that neuropsychologists must confront during their daily practice, such as ethics, multiculturalism, child abuse, forensics, and psychopharmacology

The Myth of Executive Functioning

Author: Leonard F. Koziol
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331904477X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Executive functioning: we measure it, assess it, document its development in youth, track its decline in age and use it as a basis for diagnoses, treatment planning and-of course-theories. Could it be possible that science has spent decades chasing a cognitive phantom? Noting the lack of consensus concerning definition, component skills, and location within the brain, The Myth of Executive Functioning calls basic assumptions, prominent theories, commonly used test methods, and even the phrase executive functioning into question. The book's deceptively simple argument takes an evolutionary/neuroscience look at the cornerstones of cognitive organization, including memory, planning, decision-making and adaptation to novel circumstances. From there, gaps are identified between systems of cognitive control and those behaviors that are evaluated in neuropsychological testing-gaps that contribute to the disconnect between how science views mind and body, brain and behavior. The author's problem-solving metaphor places new emphasis on stimulus processing and on the relationship between movement and thought as he offers thought-provoking perspectives on: The limits of neuropsychological constructs. The components of adaptive thinking. The automatic aspects of problem solving. The left-brain/right-brain dichotomy. Problems with the domain approach to cognition. New paradigms for testing cognitive functioning. A controversial presentation with the potential to change clinical practice and training, The Myth of Executive Functioning will be read, debated and learned from by neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, cognitive neuroscientists and rehabilitation specialists.