Sulfuric Acid Manufacture

Author: Matt King
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0080982263
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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By some measure the most widely produced chemical in the world today, sulfuric acid has an extraordinary range of modern uses, including phosphate fertilizer production, explosives, glue, wood preservative and lead-acid batteries. An exceptionally corrosive and dangerous acid, production of sulfuric acid requires stringent adherence to environmental regulatory guidance within cost-efficient standards of production. This work provides an experience-based review of how sulfuric acid plants work, how they should be designed and how they should be operated for maximum sulfur capture and minimum environmental impact. Using a combination of practical experience and deep physical analysis, Davenport and King review sulfur manufacturing in the contemporary world where regulatory guidance is becoming ever tighter (and where new processes are being required to meet them), and where water consumption and energy considerations are being brought to bear on sulfuric acid plant operations. This 2e will examine in particular newly developed acid-making processes and new methods of minimizing unwanted sulfur emissions. The target readers are recently graduated science and engineering students who are entering the chemical industry and experienced professionals within chemical plant design companies, chemical plant production companies, sulfuric acid recycling companies and sulfuric acid users. They will use the book to design, control, optimize and operate sulfuric acid plants around the world. Unique mathematical analysis of sulfuric acid manufacturing processes, providing a sound basis for optimizing sulfuric acid manufacturing processes Analysis of recently developed sulfuric acid manufacturing techniques suggests advantages and disadvantages of the new processes from the energy and environmental points of view Analysis of tail gas sulfur capture processes indicates the best way to combine sulfuric acid making and tailgas sulfur-capture processes from the energy and environmental points of view Draws on industrial connections of the authors through years of hands-on experience in sulfuric acid manufacture

Sulfuric Acid Manufacture

Author: William George Davenport
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
ISBN: 9780080444284
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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More sulfuric acid is produced every year than any other chemical. It has a wide range of uses including phosphate fertilizer production, explosives, glue, wood preservatives, and lead-acid batteries. It is also a particularily corrosive and dangerous acid, with extreme environmental and health hazards if not manufactured, used, and regulated properly. Sulfuric Acid Manufacture: Analysis, Control and Optimization keeps the important topics of safety and regulation at the forefront as it overviews and analyzes the process of sulfuric acid manufacture. The first nine chapters focus on the chemical plant processes involved in industrial acidmaking, with considerable data input from the authors' industrial colleagues. The last 15 chapters are dedicated to the mathematical analysis of acidmaking. Both Authors bring years of hands-on knowledge and experience to the work, making it an exceptional reference for anyone involved in sulfuric acid research and/or manufacture. * Only book to examine the processes of sulfuric acid manufacture from an industrial plant standpoint as well as mathematical. * Draws on the industrial connections of the authors, through their years of hands-on experience in sulfuric acid manufacture. * A considerable amount of industrial plant data is presented to support the text.

Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals

Author: Frank Kenneth Crundwell
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080968090
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book describes and explains the methods by which three related ores and recyclables are made into high purity metals and chemicals, for materials processing. It focuses on present day processes and future developments rather than historical processes. Nickel, cobalt and platinum group metals are key elements for materials processing. They occur together in one book because they (i) map together on the periodic table (ii) occur together in many ores and (iii) are natural partners for further materials processing and materials manufacturing. They all are, for example, important catalysts - with platinum group metals being especially important for reducing car and truck emissions. Stainless steels and CoNiFe airplane engine super alloys are examples of practical usage. The product emphasises a sequential, building-block approach to the subject gained through the author's previous writings (particularly Extractive Metallurgy of Copper in four editions) and extensive experience. Due to the multiple metals involved and because each metal originates in several types of ore - e.g. tropical ores and arctic ores this necessitates a multi-contributor work drawing from multiple networks and both engineering and science. Synthesizes detailed review of the fundamental chemistry and physics of extractive metallurgy with practical lessons from industrial consultancies at the leading international plants Discusses Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals for the first time in one book Reviews extraction of multiple metals from the same tropical or arctic ore Industrial, international and multidisciplinary focus on current standards of production supports best practice use of industrial resources

Technische Chemie

Author: Manfred Baerns
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527674098
Format: PDF, ePub
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Das grundlegende Lehrbuch der Technischen Chemie mit hohem Praxisbezug jetzt in der zweiten Auflage: ?? beschreibt didaktisch äußerst gelungen die Bereiche – chemische Reaktionstechnik, Grundoperationen, Verfahrensentwicklung sowie chemische Prozesse ?? alle Kapitel wurden komplett überarbeitet und aktualisiert ?? NEU: umfangreiches Kapitel über Katalyse als Schlüsseltechnologie in der chemischen Industrie. Homogene und Heterogene Katalyse, aber auch Biokatalyse werden ausführlich behandelt ?? zahlreiche Fragen als Zusatzmaterial für Studenten online auf Wiley-Vch erhältlich ?? unterstützt das Lernen durch zahlreiche im Text eingestreute Rechenbeispiele, inklusive Lösung ?? setzt neben einem grundlegenden chemischen Verständnis und Grundkenntnissen der Physikalischen Chemie und Mathematik kein Spezialwissen voraus Ideal für Studierende der Chemie, des Chemieingenieurwesens und der Verfahrenstechnik in Bachelor- und Masterstudiengängen. Begleitmaterial für Dozenten verfügbar unter www.wiley-vch.de/textbooks Aus Rezensionen zur Vorauflage: „Endlich gibt es ein neues Lehrbuch auf Deutsch, das den Kernbereich der technischen Chemie umfassend abdeckt. Das Buch vereinigt auf einzigartige Weise das grundlegende Wissen aus den tragenden Säulen der technischen Chemie ... Technische Chemie deckt somit den Inhalt mehrerer älterer Lehrbücher ab...Hervorragend sind Sicherheitsaspekte in die Kapitel des Buches eingeflochten... Bei der Erarbeitung des Stoffs sind die zahlreichen Rechenbeispiele äußerst hilfreich, deren Musterlösungen leicht nachzuvollziehen sind... Insgesamt ist das Buch äußerst ansprechend und gelungen und hat das Potential, das grundlegende Standardwerk für das Studium in technischer Chemie sowie ein wichtiges Nachschlagewerk für die berufliche Praxis zu werden.“ Nachrichten aus der Chemie „...Neben der Darstellung der Grundlagen bestand ein Ziel der Autoren auch darin, Verknüpfungen zwischen den verschiedenen Sachgebieten aufzuzeigen. Dies ist bestens gelungen. Das gesamte Gebiet der technischen Chemie und der Verfahrenstechnik wird grundlegend, jedoch in komprimierter Form dargeboten.“ Filtrieren und Separieren

Flash Smelting

Author: W. G. Davenport
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483150909
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Flash Smelting: Analysis, Control and Optimization deals with the analysis, control, and optimization of flash smelting. This book explores flash smelting in general and Outokumpu and Inco flash smelting in particular, and also presents a mathematical description for the flash smelting process. A set of mass and heat balance equations that can be used to describe steady state smelting under autogenous or nearautogenous smelting conditions is developed. This text has 20 chapters and begins with an overview of flash smelting and its products; the main raw materials of copper flash smelting; chemical reactions in the flash furnace; impurities in the concentrates that are fed to the flash furnace; and the operation of industrial flash furnaces. Attention then turns to Outokumpu flash smelting, Inço flash smelting, and mathematical representation of flash smelting. The chapters that follow focus on the effects of blast preheat on flash smelting; the combustion of fossil fuel in the flash furnace; and the effect of matte grade on the fossil fuel, industrial oxygen, and blast preheat requirements of flash smelting. Equations are used to determine the effects of such factors as concentrate composition, blast temperature, and dust carryout, and as the basis for optimizing and controlling the flash smelting process. This book will be of interest to both mathematicians and metallurgists.

Extractive Metallurgy of Copper

Author: William G. Davenport
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080531526
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This new edition has been extensively revised and updated since the 3rd edition published in 1994. It contains an even greater depth of industrial information, focussing on how copper metal is extracted from ore and scrap, and how this extraction could be made more efficient. Modern high intensity smelting processes are presented in detail, specifically flash, Contop, Isasmelt, Noranda, Teniente and direct-to-blister smelting. Considerable attention is paid to the control of SO2 emissions and manufacture of H2SO4. Recent developments in electrorefining, particularly stainless steel cathode technology are examined. Leaching, solvent extraction and electrowinning are evaluated together with their impact upon optimizing mineral resource utilization. The book demonstrates how recycling of copper and copper alloy scrap is an important source of copper and copper alloys. Copper quality control is also discussed and the book incorporates an important section on extraction economics. Each chapter is followed by a summary of concepts previously described and offers suggested further reading and references.

Industrielle Anorganische Chemie

Author: Martin Bertau
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527649581
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Mit einem neuen Herausgeberteam wird das Buch "Industrielle Anorganische Chemie" grundlegend überarbeitet weitergeführt. Das Lehrwerk bietet in hervorragend übersichtlicher, knapp und präzise gehaltener Form eine aktuelle Bestandsaufnahme der industriellen anorganischen Chemie. Zu Herstellungsverfahren, wirtschaftlicher Bedeutung und Verwendung der Produkte, sowie zu ökologischen Konsequenzen, Energie- und Rohstoffve brauch bieten die Autoren einen fundierten Überblick. Hierfür werden die bewährten Prinzipien hinsichtlich der Beiträge von Vertretern aus der Industrie sowie des generellen Aufbaus beibehalten. Inhaltlich werden Neugewichtungen vorgenommen: l Aufnahme hochaktueller Themen wie Lithium und seine Verbindungen und Seltenerdmetalle l Aufnahme bislang vernachlässigter Themen wie technische Gase, Halbleiter- und Elektronikmaterialien, Hochofenprozess sowie Edelmetalle l Straffung aus industriell-anorganischer Sicht weniger relevanter Themen z.B. in den Bereichen Baustoffe oder Kernbrennstoffe l Ergänzungen in der Systematik hinsichtlich bislang nicht behandelter Alkali- und Erdalkalimetalle und ihre Bedeutung in der industriellen anorganischen Chemie l Betrachtung der jeweiligen Rohstoffsituation Begleitmaterial für Dozenten verfügbar unter: www.wiley-vch.de/textbooks "Von den Praktikern der industriellen Chemie verfasst, füllt dieser Band eine Lücke im Fachbuchangebot. Das Buch sollte von jedem fortgeschrittenen Chemiestudenten und auch von Studierenden an Fachhochschulen technischchemischer Richtungen gelesen werden. Dem in der Industrie tätigen Chemiker schließlich bietet es einen lohnenden Blick über den Zaun seines engen Arbeitsgebietes.... Die Autoren haben ein Buch vorgelegt, dem man eine weite Verbreitung wünschen und vorhersagen kann." GIT "Das Buch kann uneingeschränkt empfohlen werden." Nachrichten aus Chemie Technik und Laboratorium "sein besonderer Wert liegt in der anschaulichen Darstellung und in der Verknüpfung technischer und wirtschaftlicher Fakten." chemie-anlagen + verfahren

Extractive Metallurgy of Copper

Author: Mark E. Schlesinger
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080967892
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Rev. ed. of: Extractive metallurgy of copper / A.K. Biswas and W.G. Davenport. 1994. 3rd ed.

The Iron Blast Furnace

Author: J. G. Peacey
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483140873
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Iron Blast Furnace: Theory and Practice presents theoretical, experimental, and operational evidence about the iron blast furnace as well as a mathematical description of its operation. This book includes a set of equations that accurately describe stoichiometric and enthalpy balances for the process and which are consistent with observed temperatures and compositions in the furnace stack. These equations, which have been devised on the basis of the Rist approach, show the effects of altering any blast-furnace variable on the other operating requirements of the process. This monograph is comprised of 14 chapters and begins with a brief description of the blast-furnace process. The next chapter takes a look inside the furnace, paying particular attention to its behavior in front of the tuyères and the kinetics of the coke gasification reaction. The reader is then introduced to the thermodynamics and stoichiometry of the blast-furnace process; enthalpy balance for the bottom segment of the furnace; the effects of tuyères injectants on blast-furnace operations; and blast-furnace optimization by linear programming. A number of important variables covered by the equations are discussed, including hydrocarbon injection at the tuyères, oxygen enrichment of the blast, moisture, limestone decomposition, coke reactivity, and metalloid reduction. The effects of many of these variables are illustrated numerically in the text while others are demonstrated in sets of problems that follow each chapter. This text will be a valuable resource for metallurgists and materials scientists.