Supersymmetry and Beyond

Author: Gordon Kane
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465080464
Format: PDF, ePub
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The epic story of the quest to uncover a fully unified theory of physics, revised to reflect the possible discovery of the Higgs Boson.

String Theory and the Real World

Author: Gordon Kane
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1681744902
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book attempts to explain why 'string theory' may provide the comprehensive underlying theory that describes and explains our world. It is an enthusiastic view of how compactified string/M-theories (plus data that may be reachable) seem to have the possibilities of leading to a comprehensive underlying theory of particle physics and cosmology, perhaps soon. We are living in a hugely exciting era for science, one during which it may be possible to achieve a real and true understanding of our physical world.

Beyond Standard Model Collider Phenomenology of Higgs Physics and Supersymmetry

Author: Marc Christopher Thomas
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319434527
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This thesis studies collider phenomenology of physics beyond the Standard Model at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). It also explores in detail advanced topics related to Higgs boson and supersymmetry – one of the most exciting and well-motivated streams in particle physics. In particular, it finds a very large enhancement of multiple Higgs boson production in vector-boson scattering when Higgs couplings to gauge bosons differ from those predicted by the Standard Model. The thesis demonstrates that due to the loss of unitarity, the very large enhancement for triple Higgs boson production takes place. This is a truly novel finding. The thesis also studies the effects of supersymmetric partners of top and bottom quarks on the Higgs production and decay at the LHC, pointing for the first time to non-universal alterations for two main production processes of the Higgs boson at the LHC–vector boson fusion and gluon–gluon fusion. Continuing the exploration of Higgs boson and supersymmetry at the LHC, the thesis extends existing experimental analysis and shows that for a single decay channel the mass of the top quark superpartner below 175 GeV can be completely excluded, which in turn excludes electroweak baryogenesis in the Minimal Supersymmetric Model. This is a major new finding for the HEP community. This thesis is very clearly written and the introduction and conclusions are accessible to a wide spectrum of readers.

Modern Elementary Particle Physics

Author: Gordon Kane
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107165083
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is written for students and scientists wanting to learn about the Standard Model of particle physics. Only an introductory course knowledge about quantum theory is needed. The text provides a pedagogical description of the theory, and incorporates the recent Higgs boson and top quark discoveries. With its clear and engaging style, this new edition retains its essential simplicity. Long and detailed calculations are replaced by simple approximate ones. It includes introductions to accelerators, colliders, and detectors, and several main experimental tests of the Standard Model are explained. Descriptions of some well-motivated extensions of the Standard Model prepare the reader for new developments. It emphasizes the concepts of gauge theories and Higgs physics, electroweak unification and symmetry breaking, and how force strengths vary with energy, providing a solid foundation for those working in the field, and for those who simply want to learn about the Standard Model.

Supersymmetry Beyond Minimality

Author: Shaaban Khalil
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315350874
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Supersymmetry (SUSY) is one of the most important ideas ever conceived in particle physics. It is a symmetry that relates known elementary particles of a certain spin to as yet undiscovered particles that differ by half a unit of that spin (known as Superparticles). Supersymmetric models now stand as the most promising candidates for a unified theory beyond the Standard Model (SM). SUSY is an elegant and simple theory, but its existence lacks direct proof. Instead of dismissing supersymmetry altogether, Supersymmetry Beyond Minimality: from Theory to Experiment suggests that SUSY may exist in more complex and subtle manifestation than the minimal model. The book explores in detail non-minimal SUSY models, in a bottom-up approach that interconnects experimental phenomena in the fermionic and bosonic sectors. The book considers with equal emphasis the Higgs and Superparticle sectors, and explains both collider and non-collider experiments. Uniquely, the book explores charge/parity and lepton flavour violation. Supersymmetry Beyond Minimality: from Theory to Experiment provides an introduction to well-motivated examples of such non-minimal SUSY models, including the ingredients for generating neutrino masses and/or relaxing the tension with the heavily constraining Large Hadron Collider (LHC) data. Examples of these scenarios are explored in depth, in particular the discussions on Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric SM (NMSSM) and B-L Supersymmetric SM (BLSSM).

Group Theory for the Standard Model of Particle Physics and Beyond

Author: Ken J. Barnes
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1439895201
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Based on the author’s well-established courses, Group Theory for the Standard Model of Particle Physics and Beyond explores the use of symmetries through descriptions of the techniques of Lie groups and Lie algebras. The text develops the models, theoretical framework, and mathematical tools to understand these symmetries. After linking symmetries with conservation laws, the book works through the mathematics of angular momentum and extends operators and functions of classical mechanics to quantum mechanics. It then covers the mathematical framework for special relativity and the internal symmetries of the standard model of elementary particle physics. In the chapter on Noether’s theorem, the author explains how Lagrangian formalism provides a natural framework for the quantum mechanical interpretation of symmetry principles. He then examines electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions; spontaneous symmetry breaking; the elusive Higgs boson; and supersymmetry. He also introduces new techniques based on extending space–time into dimensions described by anticommuting coordinates. Designed for graduate and advanced undergraduate students in physics, this text provides succinct yet complete coverage of the group theory of the symmetries of the standard model of elementary particle physics. It will help students understand current knowledge about the standard model as well as the physics that potentially lies beyond the standard model.

Beyond the Standard Model of Elementary Particle Physics

Author: Yorikiyo Nagashima
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527665048
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A unique and comprehensive presentation on modern particle physics which stores the background knowledge on the big open questions beyond the standard model, as the existence of the Higgs-boson, or the nature of Dark Matter and Dark Energy.

Supersymmetry and String Theory

Author: Michael Dine
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107048389
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This fully updated second edition provides a thorough overview of string theory and supersymmetry and includes the groundbreaking Higgs discovery.

New Physics at the Large Hadron Collider

Author: Harald Fritzsch
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981314551X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Standard Theory of Particle Physics describes successfully the observed strong and electroweak interactions, but it is not a final theory of physics, since many aspects are not understood: (1) How can gravity be introduced in the Standard Theory? (2) How can we understand the observed masses of the leptons and quarks as well as the flavor mixing angles? (3) Why are the masses of the neutrinos much smaller than the masses of the charged leptons? (4) Is the new boson, discovered at CERN, the Higgs boson of the Standard Theory or an excited weak boson? (5) Are there new symmetries at very high energy, e.g. a broken supersymmetry? (6) Are the leptons and quarks point-like or composite particles? (7) Are the leptons and quarks at very small distances one-dimensional objects, e.g. superstrings? This proceedings volume comprises papers written by the invited speakers discussing the many important issues of the new physics to be discovered at the Large Hadron Collider. Contents:PrefaceAccelerator Considerations of Large Circular Colliders (Alex Chao)Physics Potential and Motivations for a Muon Collider (Mario Greco)Pentaquarks and Possible Anomalies at LHCb (George Lafferty)Neutrino Masses and SO10 Unification (P Minkowski)Neutrino Experiments: Hierarchy, CP, CPT (Manmohan Gupta, Monika Randhawa and Mandip Singh)Constraining the Texture Mass Matrices (Gulsheen Ahuja)Rare B-Meson Decays at the Crossroads (Ahmed Ali)Exploring the Standard Model at the LHC (Brigitte Vachon)Meson/Baryon/Tetraquark Supersymmetry from Superconformal Algebra and Light-Front Holography (Stanley J Brodsky, Guy F de Téramond, Hans Günter Dosch and Cédric Lorcé)The Spin-Charge-Family Theory (Norma Susana Mankoč Borstnik)Search for Direct CP Violation in Baryonic b-Hadron Decays (C Q Geng and Y K Hsiao)New Physics and Astrophysical Neutrinos in IceCube (Atsushi Watanabe)The 750 GeV Diphoton Excess and SUSY (S Heinemeyer)Constraints on the ωπ Form Factor from Analyticity and Unitarity (B Ananthanarayan, Irinel Caprini and Bastian Kubis)Dynamical Tuning of the Initial Condition in Small Field Inflations — Can We Testify the CW Mechanism in the Universe (Satoshi Iso)Physics of Higgs Boson Family (Ngee-Pong Chang)On the Breaking of μ-τ Flavor Symmetry (Zhen-Hua Zhao)Neutrino Mass Ordering in Future Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiments (Jue Zhang)Predicting the CP-Phase for Neutrinos (Eiichi Takasugi)Sum Rules for Leptons (Martin Spinrath)Composite Weak Bosons at the Large Hadron Collider (Harald Fritzsch)Searching for Composite Higgs Models at the LHC (Thomas Flacke)Gauge-Higgs EW and Grand Unification (Yutaka Hosotani)Colour Octet Extension of 2HDM (German Valencia)New Physics/Resonances in Vector Boson Scattering at the LHC (Jürgen Reuter, Wolfgang Kilian, Thorsten Ohl and Marco Sekulla)Dimensional Regularization is Generic (Kazuo Fujikawa)A De-gauging Approach to Physics Beyond the Standard Model (Chi Xiong)Extension of Standard Model in Multi-spinor Field Formalism — Visible and Dark Sectors (Ikuo S Sogami)Aspects of String Phenomenology and New Physics (I Antoniadis)Cosmological Constant vis-à-vis Dynamical Vacuum: Bold Challenging the ΛCDM (Joan Solà) Readership: Graduates and researchers in high energy physics.

The Physics of the Standard Model and Beyond

Author: T. Morii
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812795601
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book provides a unified description of elementary particle interactions and the underlying theories, namely the Standard Model and beyond. The authors have aimed at a concise presentation but have taken care that all the basic concepts are clearly described. Written primarily for graduate students in theoretical and experimental particle physics, The Physics of the Standard Model and Beyond conveys the excitement of particle physics, centering upon experimental observations (new and old) and a variety of ideas for their interpretation. Contents: Weak Interaction; Symmetries and the Gauge Theories; The Standard Model of Electroweak Interactions; Quantum Chromodynamics; Neutrino Masses and Neutrino Oscillations; Supersymmetry; Precision Test of Electroweak Radiative Corrections and New Physics; Flavor Physics and CP Violation; Appendices: Notation and Useful Relations; Cross Sections and Feynman Rule; Basics of the Group Theory; C, P and T Transformation; The Quark Model. Readership: Graduate students, experimentalists and theorists in high energy physics.