Sustainability and Peaceful Coexistence for the Anthropocene

Author: Pasi Heikkurinen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351798197
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The rapid industrialization of societies has resulted in radical changes to the Earth’s biosphere and its local ecosystems. Climate scientists have recorded and forecasted worrying global temperature rises going back to the early twentieth century, while biologists and palaeontologists have suggested that the next mass extinction is on its way if the current rate of species loss continues. To avert further ecological damage, excessive natural resource use and environmental deterioration are challenges that humanity must deal with now. The human species has had such a significant impact on the natural environment that the present geological epoch can be referred to as the ‘Anthropocene’, the age of humans. The blame and responsibility for the prevailing unsustainability, however, cannot be assigned equally to all humans. To analyse the root problems and consequences of unsustainable development, as well as to outline rigorous solutions for the contemporary age, this transdisciplinary book brings together natural and social sciences under the rubric of the Anthropocene. The book identifies the central preconditions for social organization and governance to enable the peaceful coexistence of humans and the non-human world. The contributors investigate the burning questions of sustainability from a number of different perspectives including geosciences, economics, law, organizational studies, political theory and philosophy. The book is a state-of-the-art review of the Anthropocene debate and provides crucial signposts for how human activities can, and should, be changed.

Business and Human Rights in Europe

Author: Angelica Bonfanti
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 042981125X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Transnational business activities are important drivers of growth for developing and the least developed countries. However, they can also negatively impact the enjoyment of human rights. In some cases, multinational enterprises (MNEs) have even been accused of grave human rights abuses in the territory of the states where their subsidiaries operate. Since the parent companies of many MNEs are incorporated under the law of European states, those countries’ domestic law and the European legal framework play a crucial role in establishing how their activities should be conducted – also throughout their supply chains – and which remedies will be available when corporate human rights violations occur. In recent years, the European Union, the Council of Europe and their Member States have been adopting policies and legislation to ensure respect for human rights by businesses and have developed a body of related case law. These legal instruments can be considered the European responses to the challenges posed at international-law level, and they constitute the focus of research of this book. Through its collected chapters – written by scholars and practitioners under the direction of the editor, Angelica Bonfanti – the book identifies the European solutions to the business and human rights international legal issues, provides an overall assessment of their effectiveness, and examines their potential evolution.

Strongly Sustainable Societies

Author: Karl Johan Bonnedahl
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351173626
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The response of the international community to the pressing socio-ecological problems has been framed around the concept of ‘sustainable development’. The ecological pressure, however, has continued to rise and mainstream sustainability discourse has proven to be problematic. It contains an instrumental view of the world, a strong focus on technological solutions, and the premise that natural and human-made ‘capitals’ are substitutable. This trajectory, which is referred to as ‘weak sustainability’, reproduces inequalities, denies intrinsic values in nature, and jeopardises the wellbeing of humans as well as other beings. Based on the assumptions of strong sustainability, this edited book presents practical and theoretical alternatives to today’s unsustainable societies. It investigates and advances pathways for humanity that are ecologically realistic, ethically inclusive, and receptive to the task’s magnitude and urgency. The book challenges the traditional anthropocentric ethos and ontology, economic growth-dogma, and programmes of ecological modernisation. It discusses options with examples on different levels of analysis, from the individual to the global, addressing the economic system, key sectors of society, alternative lifestyles, and experiences of local communities. Examining key topics including human–nature relations and wealth and justice, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of environmental and development studies, ecological economics, environmental governance and policy, sustainable business, and sustainability science.

The Anthropocene as a Geological Time Unit

Author: Jan Zalasiewicz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110847523X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Reviews the evidence underpinning the Anthropocene as a geological epoch written by the Anthropocene Working Group investigating it. The book discusses ongoing changes to the Earth system within the context of deep geological time, allowing a comparison between the global transition taking place today with major transitions in Earth history.

Corporate Accountability under Socio Economic Rights

Author: Jernej Letnar Černič
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351973797
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In recent decades, corporations have increasingly accepted that they have obligations to respect the socio-economic rights of individuals whose rights to livelihoods, education, food, health, housing and water are affected by the actions of corporations on a daily basis. Despite this, it is often difficult for victims to bring corporations to court for violations of their socio-economic rights. Domestic constitutional systems provide, at best, fragile and limited protections against adverse corporate activities, while international responses have been lacking in creating obligations and accountability for corporations under socio-economic rights. The urgency of bolstering corporate accountability for socio-economic rights is therefore apparent. In light of this, this book asks whether corporations are required to observe socio-economic rights and if they are accountable for any violations. In doing so, it identifies and analyzes the theoretical foundations and the existing scope of corporate accountability arising from socio-economic rights at both national and international levels. Through careful analysis, Jernej Letnar Černič exposes the stark need for greater clarity in the obligations and accountability of corporations, advocating a normative framework for corporate accountability for socio-economic rights in national legal orders which builds on existing mechanisms.

Die Metamorphose der Welt

Author: Ulrich Beck
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518747770
Format: PDF, ePub
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Als 1986 Risikogesellschaft erschien, machte das Ulrich Beck schlagartig berühmt. Der Soziologe wies nicht nur auf die Nebenfolgen der Industriemoderne hin, er betonte zugleich, dass die Welt sich auch dann permanent verändert, wenn wir meinen, einen vorübergehenden Zustand mit Institutionen und Konzepten einfrieren zu können. Mit beispielloser Neugier spürte Beck den Indizien des Wandels nach und öffnete uns mit der Lust an der terminologischen Innovation die Augen für Individualisierung, Globalisierung und die Transformation der Arbeitswelt. Am 1. Januar 2015 verstarb Ulrich Beck überraschend und viel zu früh. Bis zu seinem Tod arbeitete er an einem Buch, das beides ist: Summe und radikale Weiterführung seiner Theorie. Während es früher Fixpunkte gab, an denen wir erkennen konnten, was stabil blieb und was nicht, erleben wir heute eine allumfassende Verwandlung, die uns orientierungslos werden lässt. Die Metamorphose der Welt ist der Versuch, diese Globalisierung des Wandels zu verstehen und hochaktuelle Herausforderungen wie Erderwärmung und Migration auf den Begriff zu bringen.

Inwastement Abfall in Umwelt und Gesellschaft

Author: Jens Kersten
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 383943050X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Abfälle entwickeln eine vollkommen eigenständige soziale, ökonomische und ökologische Handlungsmacht. Sie bilden das Inwastement einer Gesellschaft, das durch soziale Praxen, rechtliche Normen und kulturelle Kontexte konstituiert wird. In einem kompositionistischen Verständnis, welches die materielle Gegenständlichkeit von Abfall mit dessen kultureller Perzeption verbindet, konzipieren die Beiträge des Bandes Abfall als Kulturtechnik. Diese interdisziplinäre Perspektive, die auf eine Ergänzung der Technikwissenschaften durch die Kulturwissenschaften Wert legt, weist auf das problematische Verhältnis von individueller und kollektiver Abfallverantwortung hin und schließt damit unmittelbar an Fragen nach globaler »Waste Justice« und einer Zukunft ohne Müll (»Zero Waste«) an.

Die gro e Transformation Klima kriegen wir die Kurve

Author: Jörg Hartmann
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783941087231
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Eine anregende Gesamtschau auf Quellen und Risiken des Klimawandels in Form einer attraktiven Graphic Novel. Das Buch ist eine unkonventionelle Methode, wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse zu verbreiten. Ausgehend von der Erkenntnis, dass wissenschaftliche Berichte nur einen kleinen Leserkreis erreichen, hat der "Wissenschaftliche Beirat der Bundesregierung Globale Umweltveränderungen" (WBGU) sein Gutachten zum Klimawandel von 2011 als Comic herausgegeben. Neun Wissenschaftler unterschiedlicher Disziplinen nehmen den Leser mit auf eine Reise und erklären Ursachen und Folgen des Klimawandels und zeigen, was eine zukunftsfähige Gesellschaft dagegen tun könnte. Mit dem Comic "Die grosse Transformation. Klima - Wie kriegen wir die Kurve hin?" sollen Kinder und Jugendliche für Thema sensibilisiert werden. Denn sie sind diejenigen, die von einer möglichen Klimakrise am meisten betroffen sein werden. Zum Buch gibt es eine Website mit einer umfangreichen Sammlung weiterführender Materialien (www.trafo-comic.blogspot.de/) sowie Unterrichtsmaterial zum Download (www.berlin.de/sen/bildung/ganzheitliche-bildung/globale-entwicklung/). (Quelle: www.golbaleducation.ch).

Lebensqualit t schaffen

Author: Claudio Weiss
Publisher: Tao.de in J. Kamphausen
ISBN: 9783962400378
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Das Buch bringt Klarheit und Tiefgang in ein Thema, das zwar in aller Munde ist, aber oft kaum mehr als Geschwafel hervorbringt. Es richtet sich an denkende und fühlende Menschen in Wirtschaft, Politik, Kultur und Gesundheitswesen. Leserinnen und Leser erwerben sich praxistaugliches Rüstzeug für eine selbstbestimmte, wertegeleitete und Werte verwirklichende Gestaltung ihres Lebens, ihres Berufes und ihres Wirkens in Organisationen und Projekten. So können sie, in unserer hochkomplexen Welt von innen heraus navigierend, ihre eigene und unser aller Lebensqualität stetig steigern.