Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security in an Era of Oil Scarcity

Author: Julia Wright
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1849772738
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
When other nations are forced to rethink their agricultural and food security strategies in light of the post-peak oil debate, they only have one living example to draw from: that of Cuba in the 1990s. Based on the first and - up till now - only systematic and empirical study to come out of Cuba on this topic, this book examines how the nation successfully headed off its own food crisis after the dissolution of the Soviet Bloc in the early 1990s. The author identifies the policies and practices required for such an achievement under conditions of petroleum-scarcity and in doing so, challenges the mainstream globalized and privatized food systems and food security strategies being driven through in both industrialized and more vulnerable developing regions. Paradoxically, the book dispels the myth that Cuba turned to organic farming nationwide, a myth founded on the success of Cuba's urban organic production systems which visitors to the country are most commonly exposed to. In rural regions, where the author had unique access, industrialized high-input and integrated agriculture is aspired to for the majority of domestic production, despite the ongoing fluctuations in availability of agrochemicals and fuel. By identifying the challenges faced by Cuban institutions and individuals in de-industrializing their food and farming systems, this book provides crucial learning material for the current fledgling attempts at developing energy descent plans and at mainstreaming more organic food systems in industrialized nations. It also informs international policy on sustainable agriculture and food security for less-industrialized countries.

Sustainable Development of Organic Agriculture

Author: Kimberly Etingoff
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1771884843
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
This important compilation presents an in-depth view spanning past values and practices, present understandings, and potential futures, and covering a range of concrete case studies on sustainable development of organic agriculture. The book explores the very different facets of organic and sustainable agriculture. Part I of this book delves into the ways that people have approached organic agriculture in sociological, scientific, and economic terms. Part II looks ahead to the future of organic agriculture, presenting opportunities for further progress. Part III consists of an extensive bibliography chronologically developing the progress of organic and sustainable agriculture over two thousand years. The book Studies the cultural dimension of organic consumption Presents how sustainable agriculture can reduce and mitigate the impact of climate change on crop production Looks at the impact of agriculture on both famine and rural poverty in an ecofriendly and socially inclusive manner Examines six of the oldest grain-crop-based organic comparison experiments in the US, looking at the environmental and economic outcomes from organic agroecosystems, to both producers and policymakers Reviews the role of experimentation and innovation in developing sustainable organic agriculture Looks at the challenges of organic farmers Discusses ways to ensure sustainability and resilience of farming Looks at ways to change the mindset of farmers especially in traditional farming communities Explores the development of organic and sustainable agriculture through more than 500 years, ending with the early twenty-first century. Altogether, the chapters provide a nuanced look at the development of organic and sustainable agriculture, with the conclusion that organic is not enough to be sustainable.

Cuban Studies 40

Author: Louis A. Perez, Jr.
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
ISBN: 0822978482
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Includes essays on: the role of race in the revolution of 1933; the subject of disaster in eighteenth-century Cuban poetry; developments in Cuban historiography over the past fifty years; a profile of the work of historian Jos Vega Suol; and a remembrance of essayist and literary critic Nara Arajo, who also contributed an article on travel in Cuba for this volume.

The Capacity to Share

Author: A. Hickling-Hudson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137014636
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
This discussion of Cuba's international policies in education shows how Cuba shares its educational resources with other countries. The postcolonial critique underlying the book explores Cuba's role in relation to how the disengagement from colonial legacies in education is taking place in many countries.

Sustainable Agriculture and Resistance

Author: Fernando Funes
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
* From 1989 to 1992, Cuba faced an economic crisis three times more severe than the Great Depression. This was a result of the fall of the Soviet Union and an end to the imports it provided. * Cuba is world's first national experiment in sustainable agriculture. * National Food Program declared food, and freedom from hunger, basic human rights. This is a story of resistance against all odds, of Cubas remarkable recovery from a food crisis brought on by the collapse of trade relations with the former socialist bloc and the tightening of the U.S. embargo. Unable to import either food or the farm chemicals and machines needed to grow it via conventional agriculture, Cuba turned inward toward self-reliance. Sustainable agriculture, organic farming, urban gardens, smaller farms, animal traction and biological pest control are part of the successful paradigm shift underway in the Cuban countryside. In this book Cuban authors offer details for the first time in Englishof these remarkable achievements, which may serve as guideposts toward healthier, more environmentally friendly and self-reliant farming in countries both North and South.

Komplexit t und Widerspruch in der Architektur

Author: Robert Venturi
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Robert Venturi gehört zu den Architekten, die die Debatte über die Ästhetik der Architektur durch Schriften und eigene Projekte wieder in Gang gebracht haben. Sein Buch ist ein Plädoyer zur Wiederaneignung des mannigfaltigen Reichtums der Baukunst, ein Damm gegen die Sintflut von Funktionalität und Purismus.