Taming the Leviathan

Author: Jon Parkin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107321182
Format: PDF, ePub
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Thomas Hobbes is widely acknowledged as the most important political philosopher to have written in English. Originally published in 2007, Taming the Leviathan is a wide-ranging study of the English reception of Hobbes's ideas. In the first book-length treatment of the topic for over forty years, Jon Parkin follows the fate of Hobbes's texts (particularly Leviathan) and the development of his controversial reputation during the seventeenth century, revealing the stakes in the critical discussion of the philosopher and his ideas. Revising the traditional view that Hobbes was simply rejected by his contemporaries, Parkin demonstrates that Hobbes's work was too useful for them to ignore, but too radical to leave unchallenged. His texts therefore had to be controlled, their lessons absorbed and their author discredited. In other words the Leviathan had to be tamed. Taming the Leviathan significantly revised our understanding of the role of Hobbes and Hobbism in seventeenth-century England.

Furcht und Furchtlosigkeit

Author: Andreas Bahr
Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH
ISBN: 9783847100867
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Furcht und Angst dienten im 17. Jahrhundert als Grundbegriffe personaler und gesellschaftlicher Selbstkonstituierung. Ihre vielschichtige Problematisierung schlug sich in gelehrten Debatten und in der Dichtung ebenso nieder wie in autobiographischen Texten aus der Zeit des Dreissigjahrigen Krieges und der Kriege gegen die Turken. Dieser Band untersucht Erklarungen und Bewertungen von Furcht, Angst und Schrecken vor dem Hintergrund fruhneuzeitlicher Affektologien und Imaginationslehren. Daruber hinaus analysiert er die Funktionen der Beschreibung dieser Gemutsbewegungen. Wer von der Furcht vor menschlicher und gottlicher Gewalt sprach, betonte immer wieder auch die der Furcht selbst eigene Gewalt und stellte damit die Bedingungen ihrer Uberwindung vor. Die Studie zeigt, dass der Begriff der Furcht nicht ohne seine komplexe Beziehung zur Gottesfurcht gedacht werden konnte und dass er somit etwas ganz anderes meinte, als eine moderne Gefuhlssemantik suggeriert. In the seventeenth century, fear and anxiety served as basic concepts for personal and social self-constitution. The complex problematization of these affects is found not only in scholarly debates and literature but also in a variety of autobiographical and self-narrative sources from the Thirty Years' War and wars against the "Turks." This book highlights historical explanations of fear, anxiety and terror, contextualizing them within early modern theories and notions of affect and imagination. Further, it explores the functions of these particular "emotions of the soul" Contemporaries regularly remembered their fear of human and divine retribution, stressing its specifically violent potential. In doing so, they also instructed their readers as to the religious and moral preconditions for overcoming their fears. The present study demonstrates that, in the seventeenth century at least, the concept of "fear" was often related to the "fear of God," and as such fundmentally different from the modern "feelings" of fear and anxiety.

Philosophy Rhetoric and Thomas Hobbes

Author: Timothy Raylor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192565214
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Thomas Hobbes claimed to have founded the discipline of civil philosophy (political science). The claim did not go uncontested and in recent years the relationship of philosophical reasoning to rhetorical persuasion in Hobbes's work has become a significant area of discussion, as scholars attempt to align his disparaging remarks about rhetoric with his dazzling practice of it in works like Leviathan. The dominant view is that, having rejected an early commitment to humanism and with it rhetoric when he adopted the 'scientific' approach to philosophy in the late 1630s, Hobbes later came to re-embrace it as an essential aid to or part of philosophy. Philosophy, Rhetoric, and Thomas Hobbes proposes that Hobbes was, from first to last, dubious about the place of rhetoric in civil society, and came to see it as a pernicious presence within philosophy - a position from which he did not retreat. It offers a fresh and expanded picture of Hobbes's humanism by examining his years as a country house tutor; his teaching and his translation of Thucydides, the influence on him of Bacon, and the range of his early natural historical and philosophical interests. In demonstrating the distinctively Aristotelian character of his understanding of rhetoric, the book also revisits the new approach to philosophy Hobbes adopted at the end of the 1630s, clarifying the nature and scope of his concern about the contamination of philosophy and political life by the procedures of rhetorical argumentation.

2009

Author: K. G. Saur Verlag GmbH & Company
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783598694523
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.2 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.

Von Theologisch polemisch poetischen Sachen

Author: Kai Bremer
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783465042501
Format: PDF
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Theologisch-polemisch-poetische Sachen" ? hinter diesem Lessing-Zitat verbirgt sich die auch von Zeitgenossen im 18. Jahrhundert kontrovers diskutierte Frage, welche Formen und Funktionen Polemik in akademischen und literarischen Diskursen einnimmt bzw. einnehmen sollte. Im Anschluss an den Zeitsprunge-Band Gelehrte Polemik um 1700 fokussiert dieser Band wesentliche Typen gelehrter und kunstlerischer Polemik im Zeitalter der Aufklarung und gibt einen ersten Ausblick auf die fruhe Romantik.