Technique and Application in Dental Anthropology

Author: Joel D. Irish
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139468111
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Bringing together a variety of accomplished dental researchers, this book covers a range of topics germane to the study of human and other primate teeth. The chapters encompass work on individuals to samples, ranging from prehistoric to modern times. The focus throughout the book is the methodology required for the study of modern dental anthropology, comprising the scientific methods in use today - ranging from simple observation to advanced computer-based analyses - which can be utilized by the reader in their own dental research. Originating from the 20th anniversary meeting of the Dental Anthropology Association, this is a valuable reference source for graduate students, academic researchers and professionals in the social and life sciences, as well as clinicians.

Bioarchaeology

Author: Clark Spencer Larsen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052183869X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A synthetic treatment of the study of human remains from archaeological contexts for current and future generations of bioarchaeologists.

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth

Author: G. Richard Scott
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316805719
Format: PDF, Docs
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All humans share certain components of tooth structure, but show variation in size and morphology around this shared pattern. This book presents a worldwide synthesis of the global variation in tooth morphology in recent populations. Research has advanced on many fronts since the publication of the first edition, which has become a seminal work on the subject. This revised and updated edition introduces new ideas in dental genetics and ontogeny and summarizes major historical problems addressed by dental morphology. The detailed descriptions of 29 dental variables are fully updated with current data and include details of a new web-based application for using crown and root morphology to evaluate ancestry in forensic cases. A new chapter describes what constitutes a modern human dentition in the context of the hominin fossil record.

Human Adult Odontometrics

Author: Julius A. Kieser
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521353908
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book has an important role in demonstrating to students the diverse practical applications of odontometrics.

What Teeth Reveal about Human Evolution

Author: Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107082102
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Explores the insights that fossil hominin teeth provide about human evolution, linking findings with current debates in palaeoanthropology.

The First Humans

Author: Frederick E. Grine
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402099809
Format: PDF, Docs
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There are some issues in human paleontology that seem to be timeless. Most deal with the origin and early evolution of our own genus – something about which we should care. Some of these issues pertain to taxonomy and systematics. How many species of Homo were there in the Pliocene and Pleistocene? How do we identify the earliest members the genus Homo? If there is more than one Plio-Pleistocene species, how do they relate to one another, and where and when did they evolve? Other issues relate to questions about body size, proportions and the functional adaptations of the locomotor skeleton. When did the human postcranial “Bauplan” evolve, and for what reasons? What behaviors (and what behavioral limitations) can be inferred from the postcranial bones that have been attributed to Homo habilis and Homo erectus? Still other issues relate to growth, development and life history strategies, and the biological and archeological evidence for diet and behavior in early Homo. It is often argued that dietary change played an important role in the origin and early evolution of our genus, with stone tools opening up scavenging and hunting opportunities that would have added meat protein to the diet of Homo. Still other issues relate to the environmental and climatic context in which this genus evolved.

Human Tooth Crown and Root Morphology

Author: G. Richard Scott
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107480736
Format: PDF, Docs
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This guide to scoring crown and root traits in human dentitions substantially builds on a seminal 1991 work by Turner, Nichol, and Scott. It provides detailed descriptions and multiple illustrations of each crown and root trait to help guide researchers to make consistent observations on trait expression, greatly reducing observer error. The book also reflects exciting new developments driven by technology that have significant ramifications for dental anthropology, particularly the recent development of a web-based application that computes the probability that an individual belongs to a particular genogeographic grouping based on combinations of crown and root traits; as such, the utility of these variables is expanded to forensic anthropology. This book is ideal for researchers and graduate students in the fields of dental, physical, and forensic anthropology and will serve as a methodological guide for many years to come.