Alice s Adventures

Author: Will Brooker
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9780826414335
Format: PDF, Docs
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The author of "Batman Unmasked" and "Using the Force", turns his attention to Lewis Carroll and Alice taking the reader through a revealing tour of late 20th Century popular culture, following Alice and her creator wherever they go. The result is an in-depth analysis of how one original creation symbolizes different things to different people.

Religion and Social Policy

Author: Paula D. Nesbitt
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759100893
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Religion and Social Policy explores how religious concerns influence those who shape and those who are shaped by policies. It queries the social teachings of global denominations and local congregations, as well as the implicit religious stances taken by national governments and international NGOs. For students of religion, sociology, politics or public policy, Religion and Social Policy offers an excellent overview of how the sacred and the secular mix in both the theory and practice of creating a just society.

Victorian Animal Dreams

Author: Martin A. Danahay
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351875957
Format: PDF
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The Victorian period witnessed the beginning of a debate on the status of animals that continues today. This volume explicitly acknowledges the way twenty-first-century deliberations about animal rights and the fact of past and prospective animal extinction haunt the discussion of the Victorians' obsession with animals. Combining close attention to historical detail with a sophisticated analytical framework, the contributors examine the various forms of human dominion over animals, including imaginative possession of animals in the realms of fiction, performance, and the visual arts, as well as physical control as manifest in hunting, killing, vivisection and zookeeping. The diverse range of topics, analyzed from a contemporary perspective, makes the volume a significant contribution to Victorian studies. The conclusion by Harriet Ritvo, the pre-eminent authority in the field of Victorian/animal studies, provides valuable insight into the burgeoning field of animal studies and points toward future studies of animals in the Victorian period.

Kiddie Lit

Author: Beverly Lyon Clark
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801881701
Format: PDF, ePub
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The popularity of the Harry Potter books among adults and the critical acclaim these young adult fantasies have received may seem like a novel literary phenomenon. In the nineteenth century, however, readers considered both Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn as works of literature equally for children and adults; only later was the former relegated to the category of "boys' books" while the latter, even as it was canonized, came frequently to be regarded as unsuitable for young readers. Adults—women and men—wept over Little Women. And America's most prestigious literary journals regularly reviewed books written for both children and their parents. This egalitarian approach to children's literature changed with the emergence of literary studies as a scholarly discipline at the turn of the twentieth century. Academics considered children's books an inferior literature and beneath serious consideration. In Kiddie Lit, Beverly Lyon Clark explores the marginalization of children's literature in America—and its recent possible reintegration—both within the academy and by the mainstream critical establishment. Tracing the reception of works by Mark Twain, Louisa May Alcott, Lewis Carroll, Frances Hodgson Burnett, L. Frank Baum, Walt Disney, and J. K. Rowling, Clark reveals fundamental shifts in the assessment of the literary worth of books beloved by both children and adults, whether written for boys or girls. While uncovering the institutional underpinnings of this transition, Clark also attributes it to changing American attitudes toward childhood itself, a cultural resistance to the intrinsic value of childhood expressed through sentimentality, condescension, and moralizing. Clark's engaging and enlightening study of the critical disregard for children's books since the end of the nineteenth century—which draws on recent scholarship in gender, cultural, and literary studies— offers provocative new insights into the history of both children's literature and American literature in general, and forcefully argues that the books our children read and love demand greater respect.

Computing Anticipatory Systems CASYS 2001

Author: D. M. Dubois
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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These AIP Conference Proceedings contain the papers of the two invited speakers: "Systems with Emergent Dynamics" by Ian Stewart (UK), who received the CHAOS AWARD, and "The Role of Anticipation in Intelligent Systems" by George J. Klir (USA), who received the CASYS'01 AWARD. Second, all the papers of the authors who received a Best Paper Award, and, third, a selection of invited papers. The scope is the study, research, and development in the new frontier of science dealing with the paradigm of computing anticipatory systems. A computing anticipatory system is a system which computes its current states in taking into account its anticipatory states. Strong anticipation refers to an anticipation of events built by or embedded in a system. Weak anticipation refers to an anticipation of events predicted or forecast from a model of a system. Topics include Anticipatory Systems, Cybernetics and Epistemology; Mathematical System, Chaos, Anticipation and Incursion; Relativity, Quantum Physics and Quantum Computing; Intelligent Agents, Learning and Cognitive Systems; Organisation, Regulation, Management and Planning; Control Systems, Robots, Neural Nets and Agents; and Information Science Models and Anticipatory Programs.

Alice s Abenteuer im Wunderland

Author: Lewis Carroll
Publisher: BookRix
ISBN: 3736842287
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"Alice im Wunderland" (ursprünglich "Alices Abenteuer im Wunderland"; englischer Originaltitel "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland") ist ein erstmals 1865 erschienenes Kinderbuch des britischen Schriftstellers Lewis Carroll. Die fiktive Welt, in der "Alice im Wunderland" angesiedelt ist, spielt in solch einer Weise mit Logik, dass sich die Erzählung unter Mathematikern und Kindern gleichermaßen großer Beliebtheit erfreut. Sie enthält zahlreiche satirische Anspielungen – nicht nur auf persönliche Freunde Carrolls, sondern auch auf die Schullektionen, die Kinder im England jener Zeit auswendig lernen mussten. Meistens werden die Geschichte und ihre Fortsetzung "Alice hinter den Spiegeln" (im Original: "Through the Looking-Glass and What Alice Found There") als eine Einheit angesehen. Bekannt sind die Bücher auch durch die Illustrationen des britischen Zeichners John Tenniel in den ersten Ausgaben. "Alice im Wunderland" gilt als eines der hervorragenden Werke aus dem Genre des literarischen Nonsens. Gemeinsam mit der 1871 erschienen Fortsetzung "Alice hinter den Spiegeln" wird dieses Kinderbuch gewöhnlich zu den Klassikern der Weltliteratur gezählt. So ist die Erzählung heute beispielsweise Bestandteil der ZEIT-Bibliothek der 100 Bücher. Die britische Zeitung The Guardian nahm 2009 sowohl "Alice im Wunderland" als auch "Alice hinter den Spiegeln" in die Liste der 1000 Romane auf, die jeder gelesen haben muss. Seine Erzählweise und -struktur, seine Figuren und Metaphorik haben unverändert großen kulturellen Einfluss. Es wurde dutzende Male für die Bühne adaptiert und verfilmt und Figuren der Erzählung wie die Grinsekatze, der Jabberwocky, der Märzhase und der verrückte Hutmacher oder einzelne Episoden wie beispielsweise die der Teegesellschaft, in die Alice hineingerät, werden in der Popkultur immer wieder aufgegriffen und zitiert.