The Blackstone of Military Law

Author: Joshua E. Kastenberg
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780810861770
Format: PDF
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Colonel William Winthrop singularly was the most influential person in developing the military law of the United States. A half century ago, the Supreme Court tendered to Winthrop the title, "The Blackstone of Military Law," meaning simply that his influence outshone all others. He has been cited over 20 times by the highest court and well over a 1,000 times by other federal courts, state courts, and legal texts. In this, he surpasses most other legal scholars, save Joseph Story, John Marshall, or Felix Frankfurter. But while biographies of each of these Supreme Court Justices have been written, there has been none to date on Winthrop. The Blackstone of Military Law: Colonel William Winthrop is the first biography on this important figure in military and legal history. Written in both a chronological and thematic format, author Joshua E. Kastenberg begins with Winthrop's legal training, his involvement in abolitionism, his military experiences during the Civil War, and his long tenure as a judge advocate. This biography provides the necessary context to fully appreciate Winthrop's work, its meaning, and its continued relevance.

Rising from the Flames

Author: Samuel L. Leiter
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780739128183
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This is the first book to describe the way in which the traditional and modern forms of Japanese theater responded to Japan's defeat in World War II. It includes sixteen essays by thirteen specialists demonstrating the triumphs and tribulations of Japanese theater during the Allied Occupation, 1945–1952.

Law in War War as Law

Author: Joshua E. Kastenberg
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781594608643
Format: PDF
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During the Civil War, the Union Army grew from a semi-professional force of 12,000 to a force of almost one million citizens. The unique disciplinary requirements for this citizen army were only one facet of the nation's unique wartime needs. Lincoln believed, with credibility, that a dangerous enemy resided within the north, and the common civil laws were not strong enough to contain this enemy. To achieve a disciplined military and to defeat the internal enemy, Lincoln turned to Joseph Holt, nominating the former Secretary of War to the position of Judge Advocate General of the Army. A friend of Edwin Stanton, Holt not only oversaw a multitude of military trials, he also staffed his Judge Advocate General's Department with ideologically anti-slavery men. These men, several of whom were educated at Harvard and Yale, in turn not only used the law to ensure a disciplined force, they also used the law to attempt to force a concept of colorblind legal equality on the southern states, so that a rebellion could never again occur. In essence, several of these men believed that the Constitution's survival required racial equality. As a side product of their efforts, these men also contributed to the development of international law. A pre-war defender of slavery and Democrat, Holt evolved into a champion of equality as well, because he viewed secession as a greater evil. In waging a war through the law, the Judge Advocate General's Department utilized the existing law to its maximum extent, and only rarely did its officers intentionally violate clear proscriptions against Civil Rights. The Judge Advocate General's Department succeeded against Lincoln's adversaries, but it was unable to defeat all enemies, or create a long-lasting racial equality in the South. This book addresses the actions of the Department during the nation's worst conflict. This book is part of the Legal History Series, edited by H. Jefferson Powell, Duke University School of Law.

Base Politics

Author: Alexander Cooley
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801457234
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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According to the Department of Defense's 2004 Base Structure Report, the United States officially maintains 860 overseas military installations and another 115 on noncontinental U.S. territories. Over the last fifteen years the Department of Defense has been moving from a few large-footprint bases to smaller and much more numerous bases across the globe. This so-called lily-pad strategy, designed to allow high-speed reactions to military emergencies anywhere in the world, has provoked significant debate in military circles and sometimes-fierce contention within the polity of the host countries. In Base Politics, Alexander Cooley examines how domestic politics in different host countries, especially in periods of democratic transition, affect the status of U.S. bases and the degree to which the U.S. military has become a part of their local and national landscapes. Drawing on exhaustive field research in different host nations across East Asia and Southern Europe, as well as the new postcommunist base hosts in the Black Sea and Central Asia, Cooley offers an original and provocative account of how and why politicians in host countries contest or accept the presence of the U.S. military on their territory. Overseas bases, Cooley shows, are not merely installations that serve a military purpose. For host governments and citizens, U.S. bases are also concrete institutions and embodiments of U.S. power, identity, and diplomacy. Analyzing the degree to which overseas bases become enmeshed in local political agendas and interests, Base Politics will be required reading for anyone interested in understanding the extent-and limits-of America's overseas military influence.

The Negro in the United States

Author: Dorothy Porter Wesley
Publisher: Omnigraphics Incorporated
ISBN: 9780780803121
Format: PDF, ePub
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Identifies some 1,700 works about African Americans. Entries include full bibliographic information as well as Library of Congress call numbers and location in 11 major university libraries. Entries are arranged by subjects such as art, civil rights, folk tales, history, legal status, medicine, music, race relations, and regional studies. First published in 1970 by the Library of Congress.

A People s History of the United States

Author: Howard Zinn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317325303
Format: PDF
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This is a new edition of the radical social history of America from Columbus to the present. This powerful and controversial study turns orthodox American history upside down to portray the social turmoil behind the "march of progress". Known for its lively, clear prose as well as its scholarly research, A People's History is the only volume to tell America's story from the point of view of - and in the words of - America's women, factory workers, African-Americans, Native Americans, the working poor, and immigrant laborers. As historian Howard Zinn shows, many of America's greatest battles - the fights for fair wage, an eight-hour workday, child-labor laws, health and safety standards, universal suffrage, women's rights, racial equality - were carried out at the grassroots level, against bloody resistance. Covering Christopher Columbus's arrival through the Clinton years A People's History of the United States, which was nominated for the American Book Award in 1981, is an insightful analysis of the most important events in US history.

Japanese law in context

Author: Curtis J. Milhaupt
Publisher: Harvard Univ Pr
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This is a wide-ranging selection of 130 readings in Japanese law. The essays, extracted from previously published books and articles, cover subjects including historical context, the civil law tradition, the legal services industry, dispute resolution, constitutional law, contracts, torts, criminal law, family law, employment law, corporate law, and economic regulation. This unique collection of readings is accompanied by the texts of the Japanese constitution and other basic laws.