The Brazilian Photographs of Genevieve Naylor 1940 1942

Author: Robert M. Levine
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822321897
Format: PDF, ePub
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In the early 1940s as the conflict between the Axis and the Allies spread worldwide, the U.S. State Department turned its attention to Axis influence in Latin America. As head of the Office of Inter-American Affairs, Nelson Rockefeller was charged with cultivating the region's support for the Allies while portraying Brazil and its neighbors as dependable wartime partners. Genevieve Naylor, a photojournalist previously employed by the Associated Press and the WPA, was sent to Brazil in 1940 by Rockefeller's agency to provide photographs that would support its need for propaganda. Often balking at her mundane assignments, an independent-minded Naylor produced something far different and far more rich--a stunning collection of over a thousand photographs that document a rarely seen period in Brazilian history. Accompanied by analysis from Robert M. Levine, this selection of Naylor's photographs offers a unique view of everyday life during one of modern Brazil's least-examined decades. Working under the constraints of the Vargas dictatorship, the instructions of her employers, and a chronic shortage of film and photographic equipment, Naylor took advantage of the freedom granted her as an employee of the U.S. government. Traveling beyond the fashionable neighborhoods of Rio de Janeiro, she conveys in her work the excitement of an outside observer for whom all is fresh and new--along with a sensibility schooled in depression-era documentary photography of Dorothea Lange and Walker Evans, as well as the work of Cartier-Bresson and filmmaker Serge Eisenstein. Her subjects include the very rich and the very poor, black Carnival dancers, fishermen, rural peasants from the interior, workers crammed into trolleys--ordinary Brazilians in their own setting--rather than simply Brazilian symbols of progress as required by the dictatorship or a population viewed as exotic Latins for the consumption of North American travelers. With Levine's text providing details of Naylor's life, perspectives on her photographs as social documents, and background on Brazil's wartime relationship with the United States, this volume, illustrated with more than one hundred of Naylor's Brazilian photographs will interest scholars of Brazilian culture and history, photojournalists and students of photography, and all readers seeking a broader perspective on Latin American culture during World War II. Genevieve Naylor began her career as a photojournalist with Time, Fortune, and the Associated Press before being sent to Brazil. In 1943, upon her return, she became only the second woman to be the subject of a one-woman show at New York's Museum of Modern Art. She served as Eleanor Roosevelt's personal photographer and, in the 1950s and 1960s became well known for her work in Harper's Bazaar, primarily as a fashion photographer and portraitist. She died in 1989.

Lillian Bassman 1917 2012

Author: Julia Ryff
Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar
ISBN: 3412501670
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Die New Yorker Fotografin und Modedesignerin Lillian Bassman (1917–2012) nimmt eine Sonderstellung in der Geschichte der Fotografie ein. Nach einer Ausbildung und Tätigkeit als Grafikdesignerin wandte sie sich in den 1940er Jahren der Fotografie zu und schuf zunächst ein großes Œuvre kommerzieller Modefotografien vor allem für Magazine wie Vogue und Harper’s Bazaar. Ab den 1970er Jahren widmete sie sich vermehrt Stillleben und abstrakten Fotografien. Bislang fehlte eine umfassende Darstellung zu Leben und Werk Lillian Bassmans. Das Buch von Julia Ryff schließt diese Lücke. Es betrachtet den künstlerisch-experimentellen Charakter ihrer Arbeiten und den Einfluss der alten Meister. Auch bestimmt es die Position ihres Werkes im Umfeld des New Yorker Künstlerkreises um Alexey Brodovitch sowie in der Fotografie- und Kunstentwicklung des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts.

Improvised Continent

Author: Richard Candida Smith
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812294653
Format: PDF, Docs
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How does a country in the process of becoming a world power prepare its citizens for the responsibilities of global leadership? In Improvised Continent, Richard Cándida Smith answers this question by illuminating the forgotten story of how, over the course of the twentieth century, cultural exchange programs, some run by the government and others by philanthropies and major cultural institutions, brought many of the most important artists and writers of Latin America to live and work in the United States. Improvised Continent is the first book to focus on cultural exchange inside the United States and how Americans responded to Latin American writers and artists. Moving masterfully between the history of ideas, biography, institutional history and politics, and international relations, and engaging works in French, German, Spanish, and Portuguese, Cándida Smith synthesizes over seventy years of Pan-American cultural activity in the United States. The stories behind Diego Rivera's murals, the movies of Alejandro G. Iñárritu, the poetry of Gabriela Mistral, the photography of Genevieve Naylor, and the novels of Carlos Fuentes—these works and artists, along with many others, challenged U.S. citizens about their place in the world and about the kind of global relations the country's interests could allow. Improvised Continent provides a profoundly compassionate portrayal of the Latin American artists and writers who believed their practices might create a more humane world.

Historic Cities of the Americas

Author: David Marley
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1576070271
Format: PDF, Docs
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With rare maps, prints, and photographs, this unique volume explores the dramatic history of the Americas through the birth and development of the hemisphere's great cities. âeuro;¢ Over 70 richly detailed entries on the most colorful, important cities of the New World, from Quebec City, Boston, and San Francisco in the Northern Hemisphere, to Buenos Aires, Cuzco, and Bahia in the Southern âeuro;¢ Four geographical sections (the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America, North America, and South America), enabling the reader to easily locate information âeuro;¢ Hundreds of rare, historically significant antique maps, prints, and photographs, enhancing both the value and appearance of the book âeuro;¢ A very extensive bibliography, providing users with easy access to many hard-to-find materials

A History of Women Photographers

Author: Naomi Rosenblum
Publisher: Abbeville Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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Women have had a special relationship with the camera since the advent of photographic technology in the mid-nineteenth century. Photographers celebrated women as their subjects, from intimate family portraits and fashion spreads to artistic photography and nude studies, including Man Ray’s Violon d’Ingres. Lesser known— and lesser studied— is the history of women photographers, who continue to make invaluable contributions to this flourishing art form. Featuring more than 300 illustrations, A History of Women Photographers is the only comprehensive survey of women photographers from the age of the daguerreotype to the present day. In this edition, author Naomi Rosenblum expands the book’s coverage to include additional photographers and fourteen new images. The text and the appendix of photographer biographies have been revised throughout, and Rosenblum also provides a new afterword, in which she evaluates the influence of rapidly changing digital technology on the field of photography and the standing of women photographers in the twenty-first century.

Transition

Author: Anthony Appiah
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780822364580
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Transition celebrates its 75th issue! Founded by the young Rajat Neogy in Uganda in 1961, Transition became the forum where intellectuals of an independent Africa found their voice. Transition was intellectually provocative, visually engaging, and fearless in skewering the pieties of right and left, black and white. It defended freedom of the press and critiqued the "ethnic turn" in African politics, from Rwanda to Biafra to Uganda. In 1967, the New York Times called the journal "Africa's slickest, sprightliest, and occasionally sexiest magazine." Although Neogy was jailed for his efforts and Transition was forced to move, first to Ghana and then to England, the publication again flourished under the editorial leadership of Nigerian playwright Wole Soyinka before closing down in 1976. Transition was revived in 1991 by Kwame Anthony Appiah and Henry Louis Gates Jr., and it is now the official publication of Harvard's W.E.B. Du Bois Institute. For this anniversary issue the editors have collected the most provocative, intelligent, and influential work from the first fifty issues of the magazine: essays, interviews, photographs, and angry letters. The controversies that defined postcolonial Africa rage anew. Nkrumah the Leninist Czar, Ali Mazrui's notorious dissection of Ghana's founding father, ignited an argument over nationalism and authenticity that lived on in a torrent of letters to the editor, all included here. The Decolonization of African Literature, the famous polemic written by three young Nigerian critics, is reprinted in full, alongside Wole Soyinka's blistering response. Paul Theroux's Tarzan is an Expatriate, an indictment of white culture in Africa, continues to generate mail thirty years later. This issue also offers perspectives on other concerns from the 1960s and 1970s: a journalist in Bolivia watches the mummification of Che Guevara; America is taken to task for the Vietnam war; the publication of Human Sexual Response occasions a wry examination of the female orgasm; a victim of Greek fascism pens a secret diary from jail in Athens; the exiled leader of the Black Panthers reviews his experience in the Third World on the eve of his return to the U.S.; a young Asian flees Idi Amin's Uganda. The publication of this anniversary issue not only marks a milestone in the history of Transition, but also provides a much needed resource that will interest the general reader as well as scholars and activists from a wide range of fields.

The Brazil Reader

Author: Robert M. Levine
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822322900
Format: PDF, Docs
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"Indispensable introduction to Brazil for students and general readers includes short scholarly articles, interviews, documents, photographs, and many autobiographical pieces. Begins with precontact indigenous peoples, but about half deals with Brazil since 1945. Topics include indigenous peoples, slavery, Vargas and labor, political protest, women, race relations, marginal groups, and popular culture. Overarching themes are mobility and repression"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 58.

Becoming Brazuca

Author: Clémence Jouët-Pastré
Publisher: Harvard Univ David Rockefeller
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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Brazilians in the United States are a relatively new wave of immigrants from South America. In the past their vast country of origin was used to receiving immigrants, not sending them out. The shift is new, and these arrivals do not necessarily fit comfortably in the midst of the huge Spanish-speaking U.S. immigration. This volume offers a broad-ranging discussion of an understudied population and also brings insights into the core issues of immigration research: how immigration can complicate issues of social class, race, and ethnicity, how it intersects with the educational system, and how it fits into the assimilation paradigm. Within the three broad categories that separate these 14 chapters, discussions by the 24 contributors illuminate the various facets of Brazilian immigration and put them in the broader context of life in the twenty-first century. Discussions of cultural icons like Carmen Miranda and Carnival, of Brazilian immigrant women, of the new generation, and of the economy of remittances are just a few examples of the wide range of topics covered in these pages.