The Brazilian Photographs of Genevieve Naylor 1940 1942

Author: Robert M. Levine
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822321897
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In the early 1940s as the conflict between the Axis and the Allies spread worldwide, the U.S. State Department turned its attention to Axis influence in Latin America. As head of the Office of Inter-American Affairs, Nelson Rockefeller was charged with cultivating the region's support for the Allies while portraying Brazil and its neighbors as dependable wartime partners. Genevieve Naylor, a photojournalist previously employed by the Associated Press and the WPA, was sent to Brazil in 1940 by Rockefeller's agency to provide photographs that would support its need for propaganda. Often balking at her mundane assignments, an independent-minded Naylor produced something far different and far more rich--a stunning collection of over a thousand photographs that document a rarely seen period in Brazilian history. Accompanied by analysis from Robert M. Levine, this selection of Naylor's photographs offers a unique view of everyday life during one of modern Brazil's least-examined decades. Working under the constraints of the Vargas dictatorship, the instructions of her employers, and a chronic shortage of film and photographic equipment, Naylor took advantage of the freedom granted her as an employee of the U.S. government. Traveling beyond the fashionable neighborhoods of Rio de Janeiro, she conveys in her work the excitement of an outside observer for whom all is fresh and new--along with a sensibility schooled in depression-era documentary photography of Dorothea Lange and Walker Evans, as well as the work of Cartier-Bresson and filmmaker Serge Eisenstein. Her subjects include the very rich and the very poor, black Carnival dancers, fishermen, rural peasants from the interior, workers crammed into trolleys--ordinary Brazilians in their own setting--rather than simply Brazilian symbols of progress as required by the dictatorship or a population viewed as exotic Latins for the consumption of North American travelers. With Levine's text providing details of Naylor's life, perspectives on her photographs as social documents, and background on Brazil's wartime relationship with the United States, this volume, illustrated with more than one hundred of Naylor's Brazilian photographs will interest scholars of Brazilian culture and history, photojournalists and students of photography, and all readers seeking a broader perspective on Latin American culture during World War II. Genevieve Naylor began her career as a photojournalist with Time, Fortune, and the Associated Press before being sent to Brazil. In 1943, upon her return, she became only the second woman to be the subject of a one-woman show at New York's Museum of Modern Art. She served as Eleanor Roosevelt's personal photographer and, in the 1950s and 1960s became well known for her work in Harper's Bazaar, primarily as a fashion photographer and portraitist. She died in 1989.

Lillian Bassman 1917 2012

Author: Julia Ryff
Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar
ISBN: 3412501670
Format: PDF
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Die New Yorker Fotografin und Modedesignerin Lillian Bassman (1917–2012) nimmt eine Sonderstellung in der Geschichte der Fotografie ein. Nach einer Ausbildung und Tätigkeit als Grafikdesignerin wandte sie sich in den 1940er Jahren der Fotografie zu und schuf zunächst ein großes Œuvre kommerzieller Modefotografien vor allem für Magazine wie Vogue und Harper’s Bazaar. Ab den 1970er Jahren widmete sie sich vermehrt Stillleben und abstrakten Fotografien. Bislang fehlte eine umfassende Darstellung zu Leben und Werk Lillian Bassmans. Das Buch von Julia Ryff schließt diese Lücke. Es betrachtet den künstlerisch-experimentellen Charakter ihrer Arbeiten und den Einfluss der alten Meister. Auch bestimmt es die Position ihres Werkes im Umfeld des New Yorker Künstlerkreises um Alexey Brodovitch sowie in der Fotografie- und Kunstentwicklung des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts.

Improvised Continent

Author: Richard Candida Smith
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812294653
Format: PDF
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How does a country in the process of becoming a world power prepare its citizens for the responsibilities of global leadership? In Improvised Continent, Richard Cándida Smith answers this question by illuminating the forgotten story of how, over the course of the twentieth century, cultural exchange programs, some run by the government and others by philanthropies and major cultural institutions, brought many of the most important artists and writers of Latin America to live and work in the United States. Improvised Continent is the first book to focus on cultural exchange inside the United States and how Americans responded to Latin American writers and artists. Moving masterfully between the history of ideas, biography, institutional history and politics, and international relations, and engaging works in French, German, Spanish, and Portuguese, Cándida Smith synthesizes over seventy years of Pan-American cultural activity in the United States. The stories behind Diego Rivera's murals, the movies of Alejandro G. Iñárritu, the poetry of Gabriela Mistral, the photography of Genevieve Naylor, and the novels of Carlos Fuentes—these works and artists, along with many others, challenged U.S. citizens about their place in the world and about the kind of global relations the country's interests could allow. Improvised Continent provides a profoundly compassionate portrayal of the Latin American artists and writers who believed their practices might create a more humane world.

Historic Cities of the Americas

Author: David Marley
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1576070271
Format: PDF, Docs
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With rare maps, prints, and photographs, this unique volume explores the dramatic history of the Americas through the birth and development of the hemisphere's great cities. * Over 70 richly detailed entries on the most colorful, important cities of the New World, from Quebec City, Boston, and San Francisco in the Northern Hemisphere, to Buenos Aires, Cuzco, and Bahia in the Southern * Four geographical sections (the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America, North America, and South America), enabling the reader to easily locate information * Hundreds of rare, historically significant antique maps, prints, and photographs, enhancing both the value and appearance of the book * A very extensive bibliography, providing users with easy access to many hard-to-find materials

A History of Women Photographers

Author: Naomi Rosenblum
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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"This history of women's accomplishments in photography ranges around the world and throughout the entire history of the medium from the mid-1800s to the present. Women have made vital contributions to photography both as a profession and as an art form from the very beginning. In every aspect of the medium - portraiture, social and scientific documentation, advertising, photojournalism, personal expression - women have been highly active creators. Yet before the first edition of this book was published, in 1994, their achievements had long been overlooked." "With A History of Women Photographers, Dr. Naomi Rosenblum has helped set the record straight. Works by nearly 260 photographers are reproduced here."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

White Face Black Mask

Author: Darién J. Davis
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780870138348
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Although African influences undeniably pervade the popular music of Brazil, until now few books have examined the role of Blackness — what author Darién Davis calls "Africaneity" — in the creation and development of twentieth-century Brazilian musical traditions. This innovative, accessible work offers a fascinating look at Brazilian music from the 1920s to the 1950s, as it expanded at home and traveled abroad. Whether he's talking with samba musicians, watching classic movie musicals, or listening to recordings made more than half a century ago, Davis explores how the historical forces of race, class, and gender colluded in the development and export of Afro-Brazilian culture.

America History and Life

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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Article abstracts and citations of reviews and dissertations covering the United States and Canada.