The Cave and the Light

Author: Arthur Herman
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 0553907832
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Arthur Herman has now written the definitive sequel to his New York Times bestseller, How the Scots Invented the Modern World, and extends the themes of the book—which sold half a million copies worldwide—back to the ancient Greeks and forward to the age of the Internet. The Cave and the Light is a magisterial account of how the two greatest thinkers of the ancient world, Plato and Aristotle, laid the foundations of Western culture—and how their rivalry shaped the essential features of our culture down to the present day. Plato came from a wealthy, connected Athenian family and lived a comfortable upper-class lifestyle until he met an odd little man named Socrates, who showed him a new world of ideas and ideals. Socrates taught Plato that a man must use reason to attain wisdom, and that the life of a lover of wisdom, a philosopher, was the pinnacle of achievement. Plato dedicated himself to living that ideal and went on to create a school, his famed Academy, to teach others the path to enlightenment through contemplation. However, the same Academy that spread Plato’s teachings also fostered his greatest rival. Born to a family of Greek physicians, Aristotle had learned early on the value of observation and hands-on experience. Rather than rely on pure contemplation, he insisted that the truest path to knowledge is through empirical discovery and exploration of the world around us. Aristotle, Plato’s most brilliant pupil, thus settled on a philosophy very different from his instructor’s and launched a rivalry with profound effects on Western culture. The two men disagreed on the fundamental purpose of the philosophy. For Plato, the image of the cave summed up man’s destined path, emerging from the darkness of material existence to the light of a higher and more spiritual truth. Aristotle thought otherwise. Instead of rising above mundane reality, he insisted, the philosopher’s job is to explain how the real world works, and how we can find our place in it. Aristotle set up a school in Athens to rival Plato’s Academy: the Lyceum. The competition that ensued between the two schools, and between Plato and Aristotle, set the world on an intellectual adventure that lasted through the Middle Ages and Renaissance and that still continues today. From Martin Luther (who named Aristotle the third great enemy of true religion, after the devil and the Pope) to Karl Marx (whose utopian views rival Plato’s), heroes and villains of history have been inspired and incensed by these two master philosophers—but never outside their influence. Accessible, riveting, and eloquently written, The Cave and the Light provides a stunning new perspective on the Western world, certain to open eyes and stir debate. Praise for The Cave and the Light “A sweeping intellectual history viewed through two ancient Greek lenses . . . breezy and enthusiastic but resting on a sturdy rock of research.”—Kirkus Reviews “Examining mathematics, politics, theology, and architecture, the book demonstrates the continuing relevance of the ancient world.”—Publishers Weekly “A fabulous way to understand over two millennia of history, all in one book.”—Library Journal “Entertaining and often illuminating.”—The Wall Street Journal From the Hardcover edition.

Der Morgen der Welt

Author: Bernd Roeck
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406698778
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Die Renaissance war eine Revolution, die erst Europa und dann die ganze Welt für immer veränderte. In seinem grandios erzählten Buch entfaltet Bernd Roeck ein beeindruckendes Panorama dieser dramatischen Epoche. Zugleich erklärt er im Horizont der Globalgeschichte, wieso es in Europa zu dieser einzigartigen Verdichtung von weltbewegenden Ideen, spektakulären Entdeckungen und historischen Umwälzungen kommen konnte. Um die Wurzeln der Renaissance freizulegen, blickt Bernd Roeck weit ins Mittelalter und die Antike zurück – und weit über die Grenzen Europas hinaus. Mit analytischer Schärfe und darstellerischem Glanz lässt er die Epoche vor den Augen des Lesers auferstehen: die große Kunst, die unter Italiens Himmel entstand, und die Ideen der Humanisten ebenso wie die Religionskriege und die Anfänge der Unterwerfung fremder Erdteile. Er erzählt von Kaufleuten und Dichtern, Kaisern und Päpsten, klugen Frauen und monströsen Männern, von den Großen der Zeit und den Kleinen, die fern der Paläste mit Krankheit und Hunger kämpften. Schließlich zeigt dieses Opus magnum, dass die Renaissance mit ihren Innovationen nicht nur Sehnsuchtsorte der Schönheit und des Geistes schuf, sondern auch die Fundamente für unsere moderne Welt.

Smile or Die

Author: Barbara Ehrenreich
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 388897920X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Wie konnte aus dem harmlosen Lob einer optimistischen Lebenseinstellung eine kulturelle Glaubenswahrheit mit zunehmend zwanghaften Zügen werden? Mit kritischer Intelligenz und beißendem Spott nimmt Ehrenreich eine blühende Bewusstseinsindustrie unter die Lupe, die mit "Positive Thinking" inzwischen Milliarden verdient. "Sei positiv! Optimisten leben länger! Der Erfolg ist in dir!" Seit Jahrzehnten künden Ratgeber und Motivationstrainer von der grenzenlosen Macht positiven Denkens. Glück, Gesundheit, Reichtum und beruflicher Erfolg - so die Botschaft - sind für jeden jederzeit erreichbar, eine lückenlos positive Grundhaltung vorausgesetzt. Selbst schuld, wer da noch Sorgen hat oder gar die Ursachen seiner Probleme in der Realität vermutet. Arbeitslose erfahren, einzig der Ton ihrer Bewerbung entscheide über deren Erfolg. Selbst Krebskranke werden heute gewarnt, eine "negative Haltung" könne ihre Heilung gefährden. Eine "erfrischend aggressive und glänzend intelligente Attacke auf das Nonsense-Monster mit den tausend Armen" (Daily Mail), zugleich ein überfälliges Plädoyer für eine Rückkehr zu Realismus und gesundem Menschenverstand.

Know Thyself

Author: Ingrid Rossellini
Publisher: Doubleday
ISBN: 0385541899
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A Kirkus Reviews Best Book of 2018 A lively and timely introduction to the roots of self-understanding--who we are and how we should act--in the cultures of ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, and Middle Ages and the Renaissance "Know thyself"--this fundamental imperative appeared for the first time in ancient Greece, specifically in Delphi, the temple of the god Apollo, who represented the enlightened power of reason. For the Greeks, self-knowledge and identity were the basics of their civilization and their sources were to be found in where one was born and into which social group. These determined who you were and what your duties were. In this book the independent scholar Ingrid Rossellini surveys the major ideas that, from Greek and Roman antiquity through the Christian medieval era up to the dawn of modernity in the Renaissance, have guided the Western project of self-knowledge. Addressing the curious lay reader with an interdisciplinary approach that includes numerous references to the visual arts, Know Thyself will reintroduce readers to the most profound and enduring ways our civilization has framed the issues of self and society, in the process helping us rediscover the very building blocks of our personality.

The Last Empires

Author: William Allan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319599607
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book is a forthright and novel examination of efforts to improve national and global governance over the last forty years. Much has changed since Michel Foucault considered, and rejected, economics and neoliberalism as a potential mechanism for individuals to govern themselves and their nations. Nonetheless, his approach, which focused on the evolution of social development through interaction of many disciplines and biopolitical forces, remains highly relevant. Neoliberalism became a dominant political force from the 1980s to the present. It has failed however to address issues of inequality, to ensure economic stability, or to tackle the problems of people and nations that have been marginalized by industrial progress and international conflict. Market forces alone cannot meet the needs of global society. Now, however, developments in behavioural theory, institutional theory and analysis, accounting theory and accountability practice are providing tools that are developing comprehensive and evidence-based measures of well-being that promise to broaden and strengthen the field of socio-economic policy-making. Resolute, albeit long-term, steps to establish widely accepted standards of accountability, the book argues, are essential to guide policies and address the formidable governance issues of global security, information technology, social inequality, and economic and financial crises that the world faces at the beginning of the 21st century.

Learn or Die

Author: Edward D. Hess
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231538278
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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To compete with today's increasing globalization and rapidly evolving technologies, individuals and organizations must take their ability to learn—the foundation for continuous improvement, operational excellence, and innovation—to a much higher level. In Learn or Die, Edward D. Hess combines recent advances in neuroscience, psychology, behavioral economics, and education with key research on high-performance businesses to create an actionable blueprint for becoming a leading-edge learning organization. Learn or Die examines the process of learning from an individual and an organizational standpoint. From an individual perspective, the book discusses the cognitive, emotional, motivational, attitudinal, and behavioral factors that promote better learning. Organizationally, Learn or Die focuses on the kinds of structures, culture, leadership, employee learning behaviors, and human resource policies that are necessary to create an environment that enables critical and innovative thinking, learning conversations, and collaboration. The volume also provides strategies to mitigate the reality that humans can be reflexive, lazy thinkers who seek confirmation of what they believe to be true and affirmation of their self-image. Exemplar learning organizations discussed include the secretive Bridgewater Associates, LP; Intuit, Inc.; United Parcel Service (UPS); W. L. Gore & Associates; and IDEO.

In the Footsteps of Rome

Author: Philip J. Tarnoff
Publisher: Strategic Book Publishing & Rights Agency
ISBN: 1681814463
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In the Footsteps of Rome is an epic tale that validates the United States' vulnerability to a major attack by its enemies. The gripping story begins on the battlefields of the Middle East and Africa, where independent groups are fighting for the overthrow of their governments. A new, well-financed organization emerges with the objective of uniting these disparate groups into an effective jihadist force, having the ambitious goal of establishing a worldwide Muslim Caliphate. The organization's effectiveness is enhanced by its acquisition of an advanced technology capable of inflicting significant damage on the United States. For the U.S., the end result, like that of Rome, is chaos and the erosion of its system of government. In the Footsteps of Rome reflects Philip Tarnoff's first-hand knowledge of both government agencies and the private sector. His career experience includes work with state and federal agencies, most recently focusing on the operation of America's highway transportation system, a pursuit for which he has received many awards. As our government pours large sums of money into defense while its infrastructure crumbles, it becomes increasingly clear that the U.S. is following the path of the Rome, whose investments in military superiority dwarfed expenditures on the Empire's other critical needs. Tarnoff's first book, The Road Ahead, which discussed necessary improvements in transportation operations, has received universal acclaim. It is now followed by this work of fiction, which exposes the weaknesses of a deteriorating society.