The City of Akhenaten and Nefertiti

Author: Barry J. Kemp
Publisher: New Aspects of Antiquity
ISBN: 9780500291207
Format: PDF, Mobi
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“In the process of reconstituting a long-vanished city, the meticulously assembled book also brings to life the exotic, almost alien society once housed there.” —Publishers Weekly

The Royal Women of Amarna

Author: Dorothea Arnold
Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art
ISBN: 0870998161
Format: PDF, Kindle
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During a brief seventeen-year reign (ca. 1353-1336 B.C.) the pharaoh Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten, founder of the world's first known monotheistic religion, devoted his life and the resources of his kingdom to the worship of the Aten (a deity symbolized by the sun disk) and thus profoundly affected history and the history of art. The move to a new capital, Akhenaten/Amarna, brought essential changes in the depictions of royal women. It was in their female imagery, above all, that the artists of Amarna departed from the traditional iconic representations to emphasize the individual, the natural, in a way unprecedented in Egyptian art. A picture of exceptional intimacy emerges from the sculptures and reliefs of the Amarna Period. Akhenaten, his wife Nefertiti, and their six daughters are seen in emotional interdependence even as they participate in cult rituals. The female principle is emphasized in astonishing images: the aging Queen Mother Tiye, the mysterious Kiya, and Nefertiti, whose painted limestone bust in Berlin is the best-known work from ancient Egypt - perhaps from all antiquity. The workshop of the sculptor Thutmose - one of the few artists of the period whose name is known to us - revealed a treasure trove when it was excavated in 1912. An entire creative process is traced through an examination of the work of Thutmose and his assistants, who lived in a highly structured environment. All was left behind when Amarna was abandoned after the death of Akhenaten and the return to religious orthodoxy.


Author: Dominic Montserrat
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134690347
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The pharaoh Akhenaten, who ruled Egypt in the mid-fourteenth century BCE, has been the subject of more speculation than any other character in Egyptian history. This provocative new biography examines both the real Akhenaten and the myths that have been created around him. It scrutinises the history of the pharaoh and his reign, which has been continually written in Eurocentric terms inapplicable to ancient Egypt, and the archaeology of Akhenaten's capital city, Amarna. It goes on to explore the pharaoh's extraordinary cultural afterlife, and the way he has been invoked to validate everything from psychoanalysis to racial equality to Fascism.

Akhenaten and Tutankhamun

Author: David P. Silverman
Publisher: UPenn Museum of Archaeology
ISBN: 9781931707909
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Amarna Period, named after the site of an innovative capital city that was the center of the new religion, included the reigns Akhenaten and his presumed son, Tutankhamun.

Amarna Sunrise

Author: Aidan Dodson
Publisher: I.B. Tauris
ISBN: 9774166337
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The latter part of the fifteenth century B C saw Egypt's political power reach its zenith, with an empire that stretched from beyond the Euphrates in the north to much of what is now Sudan in the south. The wealth that flowed into Egypt allowed its kings to commission some of the most stupendous temples of all time, some of the greatest dedicated to Amun-Re, King of the Gods. Yet a century later these temples lay derelict, the god's images, names, and titles all erased in an orgy of iconoclasm by Akhenaten, the devotee of a single sun-god. This book traces the history of Egypt from the death of the great warrior-king Thutmose III to the high point of Akhenaten's reign, when the known world brought gifts to his newly-built capital city of Amarna, in particular looking at the way in which the cult of the sun became increasingly important to even 'orthodox' kings, culminating in the transformation of Akhenaten's father, Amenhotep III, into a solar deity in his own right.

Temples of Ancient Egypt

Author: Dieter Arnold
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781850439455
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A comprehensive survey of ancient Egyptian temples and rituals associated with their use. Shafer - a renowned Egyptologist - covers the entire pharaonic era, from the Old Kingdom to the Roman period, and challenges the idea that temples were either 'mortuary' or 'divine', showing instead that their functions were varied.

Pharaohs of the Sun

Author: Rita E. Freed
ISBN: 9780500050996
Format: PDF, ePub
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This catalogue brings to life the extraordinary world of ancient Egypt through more than 250 beautiful works of art, while essays by leading Egyptologists describe the Amarna period, a time of unprecedented changes - in art and architecture, technology, the role of women in religion and government - and the dramatic break with polytheism. Sculpture, architectural elements, ceramics, jewelry, clothing, tools and furniture illustrate the culture of this period. More than 400 illustrations of these objects from renowned collections - such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Ägyptisches Museum in Berlin, the British Museum and the Louvre are reproduced in this handsome volume.

Akhenaten and the Religion of Light

Author: Erik Hornung
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801487255
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Akhenaten, also known as Amenhotep IV, was king of Egypt during the Eighteenth Dynasty and reigned from 1375 to 1358 B.C. E. Called the "religious revolutionary," he is the earliest known creator of a new religion. The cult he founded broke with Egypt's traditional polytheism and focused its worship on a single deity, the sun god Aten. Erik Hornung, one of the world's preeminent Egyptologists, here offers a concise and accessible account of Akhenaten and his religion of light.Hornung begins with a discussion of the nineteenth-century scholars who laid the foundation for our knowledge of Akhenaten's period and extends to the most recent archaeological finds. He emphasizes that Akhenaten's monotheistic theology represented the first attempt in history to explain the entire natural and human world on the basis of a single principle. "Akhenaten made light the absolute reference point," Hornung writes, "and it is astonishing how clearly and consistently he pursued this concept." Hornung also addresses such topics as the origins of the new religion; pro-found changes in beliefs regarding the afterlife; and the new Egyptian capital at Akhetaten which was devoted to the service of Aten, his prophet Akhenaten, and the latter's family.

Amenhotep III

Author: David O'Connor
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472088331
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A collection examining the roots of heresy on the Nile


Author: David O'Connor
ISBN: 9780500289006
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Abydos is one of the most important archaeological sites in Egypt, the burial place of the first kings of Egypt, and a cult center of Osiris, god of the underworld and judge of the dead. Past archaeological finds in Abydos include the oldest surviving boats in the world, the earliest indications of writing in Egypt, and a number of temples and tombs, many of which predate the first pyramids at Saqqara.