The Coherence of Theism

Author: Richard Swinburne
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198779690
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Coherence of Theism investigates what it means, and whether it is coherent, to say that there is a God. Richard Swinburne concludes that despite philosophical objections, most traditional claims about God are coherent (that is, do not involve contradictions); and although some of the most important claims are coherent only if the words by which they are expressed are being used in analogical senses, this is the way in which theologians have usually claimed that they are being used. When the first edition of this book was published in 1977, it was the first book in the new 'analytic' tradition of philosophy of religion to discuss these issues. Since that time there have been very many books and discussions devoted to them, and this new, substantially rewritten, second edition takes account of these discussions and of new developments in philosophy generally over the past 40 years. These discussions have concerned how to analyse the claim that God is 'omnipotent', whether God can foreknow human free actions, whether God is everlasting or timeless, and what it is for God to be a 'necessary being'. On all these issues this new edition has new things to say.

Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freedom

Author: William Lane Craig
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004092501
Format: PDF, ePub
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The ancient problem of fatalism, more particularly theological fatalism, has resurfaced with surprising vigour in the second half of the twentieth century. Two questions predominate in the debate: (1) Is divine foreknowledge compatible with human freedom and (2) How can God foreknow future free acts? Having surveyed the historical background of this debate in "The Problem of Divine Foreknowledge" and "Future Contingents from Aristotle to Suarez" (Brill: 1988), William Lane Craig now attempts to address these issues critically. His wide-ranging discussion brings together a thought- provoking array of related topics such as logical fatalism, multivalent logic, backward causation, precognition, time travel, counterfactual logic, temporal necessity, Newcomb's Problem, middle knowledge, and relativity theory. The present work serves both as a useful survey of the extensive literature on theological fatalism and related fields and as a stimulating assessment of the possibility of divine foreknowledge of future free acts.

Theism and Explanation

Author: Gregory W. Dawes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135841349
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In this timely study, Dawes defends the methodological naturalism of the sciences. Though religions offer what appear to be explanations of various facts about the world, the scientist, as scientist, will not take such proposed explanations seriously. Even if no natural explanation were available, she will assume that one exists. Is this merely a sign of atheistic prejudice, as some critics suggest? Or are there good reasons to exclude from science explanations that invoke a supernatural agent? On the one hand, Dawes concedes the bare possibility that talk of divine action could constitute a potential explanation of some state of affairs, while noting that the conditions under which this would be true are unlikely ever to be fulfilled. On the other hand, he argues that a proposed explanation of this kind would rate poorly, when measured against our usual standards of explanatory virtue.

Das Verh ltnis der Allmacht Gottes zum Kontradiktionsprinzip nach Wilhelm von Ockham

Author: Hubert Schröcker
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3050056177
Format: PDF
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Das Denken des englischen Theologen und Philosophen Wilhelm von Ockham (ca. 1285-1347) wird herkömmlicherweise als ein Denken der uneingeschränkten Allmacht Gottes dargestellt. Die Lehre von der Allmacht Gottes bedeutet nach Ockham wie auch nach den meisten mittelalterlichen und neuzeitlichen Theologen und Philosophen allerdings nicht, daß Gottes Macht schlechthin grenzenlos wäre. Sie besagt nur, daß Gott all das tun kann, was keinen logischen Widerspruch enthält. Die Grenze der göttlichen Allmacht - und nach Ockham ist es ihre einzige Grenze - bildet also das Kontradiktionsprinzip. Diese Grenze hebt die Allmacht nicht auf, weil sie sie nicht real einschränkt, sondern sie schafft im Gegenteil die Voraussetzung, um die Allmacht überhaupt sinnvoll denken zu können.

God Time and the Incarnation

Author: Richard A. Holland
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630872407
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The dominant view among Christian theologians and philosophers is that God is timeless--that he exists outside of time in an "atemporal" eternity. In God, Time, and the Incarnation, Richard Holland offers a critical evaluation of this traditional view in light of the most central doctrine of Christianity: the Incarnation of Christ. Holland reviews the history of this controversy, highlighting the various theological problems for which atemporal models have been offered as a solution. He asserts the central importance of the Incarnation for Christian theology and evaluates several atemporal models in light of this doctrine. Finally, he suggests that the traditional atemporal view is not compatible with a robust and orthodox view of the Incarnation. This book rejects the traditional atemporal view of God's relationship to time and argues, based on the Incarnation, that God experiences temporal sequence in his existence.

Does God exist

Author: Terry L. Miethe
Publisher: Harpercollins
ISBN: 9780060655792
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Theologian Terry Miethe and philosophical athiest Antony Flew dispute the most basic of questions--does God exist? This lively and enlightening debate covers every possible angle of this universal question.