The Comparative Approach in Evolutionary Anthropology and Biology

Author: Charles L. Nunn
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226608980
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Comparison is fundamental to evolutionary anthropology. When scientists study chimpanzee cognition, for example, they compare chimp performance on cognitive tasks to the performance of human children on the same tasks. And when new fossils are found, such as those of the tiny humans of Flores, scientists compare these remains to other fossils and contemporary humans. Comparison provides a way to draw general inferences about the evolution of traits and therefore has long been the cornerstone of efforts to understand biological and cultural diversity. Individual studies of fossilized remains, living species, or human populations are the essential units of analysis in a comparative study; bringing these elements into a broader comparative framework allows the puzzle pieces to fall into place, creating a means of testing adaptive hypotheses and generating new ones. With this book, Charles L. Nunn intends to ensure that evolutionary anthropologists and organismal biologists have the tools to realize the potential of comparative research. Nunn provides a wide-ranging investigation of the comparative foundations of evolutionary anthropology in past and present research, including studies of animal behavior, biodiversity, linguistic evolution, allometry, and cross-cultural variation. He also points the way to the future, exploring the new phylogeny-based comparative approaches and offering a how-to manual for scientists who wish to incorporate these new methods into their research.

Pattern and Process in Cultural Evolution

Author: Stephen Shennan
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520255999
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"Archaeological data are uniquely suited to testing models of cultural evolution. This volume provides an excellent summary of the state of the art in this new field."--Robert Boyd, coauthor of "Not By Genes Alone: How Culture Transformed Human Evolution"

Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and Their Application in Evolutionary Biology

Author: László Zsolt Garamszegi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662435500
Format: PDF, ePub
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Phylogenetic comparative approaches are powerful analytical tools for making evolutionary inferences from interspecific data and phylogenies. The phylogenetic toolkit available to evolutionary biologists is currently growing at an incredible speed, but most methodological papers are published in the specialized statistical literature and many are incomprehensible for the user community. This textbook provides an overview of several newly developed phylogenetic comparative methods that allow to investigate a broad array of questions on how phenotypic characters evolve along the branches of phylogeny and how such mechanisms shape complex animal communities and interspecific interactions. The individual chapters were written by the leading experts in the field and using a language that is accessible for practicing evolutionary biologists. The authors carefully explain the philosophy behind different methodologies and provide pointers – mostly using a dynamically developing online interface – on how these methods can be implemented in practice. These “conceptual” and “practical” materials are essential for expanding the qualification of both students and scientists, but also offer a valuable resource for educators. Another value of the book are the accompanying online resources (available at: http://www.mpcm-evolution.com), where the authors post and permanently update practical materials to help embed methods into practice.

Basics in Human Evolution

Author: Michael P Muehlenbein
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128026936
Format: PDF, Docs
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Basics in Human Evolution offers a broad view of evolutionary biology and medicine. The book is written for a non-expert audience, providing accessible and convenient content that will appeal to numerous readers across the interdisciplinary field. From evolutionary theory, to cultural evolution, this book fills gaps in the readers’ knowledge from various backgrounds and introduces them to thought leaders in human evolution research. Offers comprehensive coverage of the wide ranging field of human evolution Written for a non-expert audience, providing accessible and convenient content that will appeal to numerous readers across the interdisciplinary field Provides expertise from leading minds in the field Allows the reader the ability to gain exposure to various topics in one publication

Comparative Primate Socioecology

Author: P. C. Lee
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521004244
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Draws together exciting new and controversial findings from field research on a wide variety of primates including humans.

Darwins Traum

Author: Adolf Heschl
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 352766159X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Nach seinem erfolgreichen Werk "Das intelligente Genom" befasst sich Adolf Heschl in seinem neuen Buch mit der Entstehung des Bewusstseins w?hrend der Evolutionsgeschichte. Unterhaltsam und leicht zug?nglich geschrieben wartet der Autor nicht nur mit neuen Erkenntnissen aus der Primatenforschung auf, sondern verbindet sie mit Einsichten aus der Verhaltensforschung, Psychologie und Molekularbiologie. Insbesondere die Bedeutung des Lebensraumes der Primaten sowie der Anpassung an verschiedene ?kologische Nischen f?r die Entwicklung des Bewusstseins und unseres Sozialverhaltens werden erl?utert und der Autor kommt zu ?berraschenden Schlussfolgerungen, die ein neues Licht auch auf Theorien der Psychologie, wie die Freudsche Bewusstseinstheorie, werfen.

Schlangen

Author: Harry W. Greene
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3034850735
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Dieses Buch handelt von den faszinierenden und gleichzeitig gefürchtetsten Geschöpfen, die die Natur hervorgebracht hat. Seit jeher haben Menschen Schlangen mit Neugier und Angst, aber auch mit Ehrfurcht und Abscheu betrachtet. Schlangen bedeuten extreme Gefahr, Ungewissheit, jedoch auch wertvolle Nahrung. In vielen Kulturen symbolisieren sie besonders Positives: Fruchtbarkeit, Verjüngung, auch Frieden oder Heilung. Das Buch ist in drei Teile gegliedert. Im ersten geht es um die Klassifikation und die allgemeine Biologie von Schlangen. Teil II gibt einen Überblick über alle wichtigen systematischen Gruppen der Serpentes. Im dritten und abschliessenden Teil sind Evolution und Biogeographie von Schlangen das Thema. Harry W. Greene und die Photographen Michael und Patricia Fogden führen Wissenschaft und Kunst zusammen, um dem Leser die Schönheit und Faszination dieser Tiere zu vermitteln. Herausgekommen ist so eine einzigartige Lektüre für interessierte Laien sowie für Biologen, Herpetologen und Terrarianer.