The Computer and the Brain

Author: John von Neumann
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300181116
Format: PDF, Docs
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First published in 1958, John von Neumann's classic work "The Computer and the Brain" explored the analogies between computing machines and the living human brain. Von Neumann showed that the brain operates both digitally and analogically, but also has its own unique statistical language. And more than fifty years after its inception the "von Neumann architecture"--An organizational framework for computer design - still lies at the heart of today's machines. In his foreword to this new edition, Ray Kurzweil, a futurist famous for his own musings on the relationship between technology and consciousness, places von Neumann's work in a historical context and shows how it remains relevant today.

Die Rechenmaschine und das Gehirn

Author: John von Neumann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486819666
Format: PDF
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"The Computer and the Brain" war der Titel von John von Neumanns letzter hinterlassener Arbeit, in der er den wechselseitigen Beziehungen zwischen der Rechenmaschine und dem menschlichen Denk- und Nervensystem nachgeht. Diese Arbeit gibt ein zusammengefaßtes Zeugnis seiner eindringlichen und unorthodoxen Denkweise. John von Neumann gilt heute als einer der Pioniere der modernen Rechentechnik.

Artificial Intelligence in Behavioral and Mental Health Care

Author: David D. Luxton
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128007923
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Artificial Intelligence in Behavioral and Mental Health Care summarizes recent advances in artificial intelligence as it applies to mental health clinical practice. Each chapter provides a technical description of the advance, review of application in clinical practice, and empirical data on clinical efficacy. In addition, each chapter includes a discussion of practical issues in clinical settings, ethical considerations, and limitations of use. The book encompasses AI based advances in decision-making, in assessment and treatment, in providing education to clients, robot assisted task completion, and the use of AI for research and data gathering. This book will be of use to mental health practitioners interested in learning about, or incorporating AI advances into their practice and for researchers interested in a comprehensive review of these advances in one source. Summarizes AI advances for use in mental health practice Includes advances in AI based decision-making and consultation Describes AI applications for assessment and treatment Details AI advances in robots for clinical settings Provides empirical data on clinical efficacy Explores practical issues of use in clinical settings

After Digital

Author: James A. Anderson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199357781
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Current computer technology doubles in in power roughly every two years, an increase called "Moore's Law." This constant increase is predicted to come to an end soon. Digital technology will change. Although digital computers dominate today's world, there are alternative ways to "compute," which might be better and more efficient than digital computation. After Digital looks at where the field of computation began and where it might be headed, and offers predictions about a collaborative future relationship between human cognition and mechanical computation. James A. Anderson, a pioneer of biologically inspired neural nets, presents two different kinds of computation-digital and analog--and gives examples of their history, function, and limitations. A third, the brain, falls somewhere in between these two forms, and is suggested as a computer architecture that is more capable of performing some specific important cognitive tasks-perception, reasoning, and intuition, for example- than a digital computer, even though the digital computer is constructed from far faster and more reliable basic elements. Anderson discusses the essentials of brain hardware, in particular, the cerebral cortex, and how cortical structure can influence the form taken by the computational operations underlying cognition. Topics include association, understanding complex systems through analogy, formation of abstractions, the biology of number and its use in arithmetic and mathematics, and computing across scales of organization. These applications, of great human interest, also form the goals of genuine artificial intelligence. After Digital will appeal to a broad cognitive science community, including computer scientists, philosophers, psychologists, and neuroscientists, as well as the curious science layreader, and will help to understand and shape future developments in computation.

On Handling the Data

Author: M. I. Mayfield
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1633554171
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Sometimes a story is best told by omission! A short story from prolific writer M.I. Mayfield.

Radioaktive Umwandlungen

Author: Ernest Rutherford
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3845725990
Format: PDF
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Der Atomphysiker Ernest Rutherford, der für seine Forschungen im Bereich der Radioaktivität 1908 mit dem Nobelpreis für Chemie ausgezeichnet wurde und als „Vater der Kernphysik“ gilt, erläutert im vorliegenden Band die Prozesse der Transformationen der radioaktiven Elemente. Auf Basis einer Vorlesungsreihe, die er 1905 an der Yale University hielt, führt Rutherford den Leser in seine Erkenntnisse ein. Sorgfältig nachbearbeiteter Nachdruck der deutschsprachigen Ausgabe aus dem Jahr 1907.

Signal und Systemtheorie

Author: Thomas Frey
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322967271
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Die Systemtheorie ist die Grundlage vieler Gebiete der Elektro- und Informationstechnik, etwa der Nachrichtentechnik, der Regelungstechnik, der digitalen Signalverarbeitung und der Hochfrequenztechnik. Sie erweist sich als ein mächtiges Werkzeug des Ingenieurs sowohl zur Analyse als auch zur Synthese von Systemen und ermöglicht ein Verständnis durch Abstraktion auf wesentliche Eigenschaften und Zusammenhänge. Dieses Lehrbuch ist eine elementare Einführung in die Signal- und Systemtheorie und ist in seiner Didaktik auf die Denk- und Vorgehensweise von Ingenieuren ausgerichtet. Problemstellungen werden anhand einfacher Beispiele motiviert und damit die Lösungsmethoden hergeleitet. Außerdem enthält das Buch viele Zusammenfassungen, Übersichten und Tabellen in kompakter, übersichtlicher Darstellung. Dieses Lehrbuch ist daher auch gut zum Nachschlagen und als Formelsammlung geeignet.