The Consolation of Philosophy

Author: Ancius Boethius
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141920378
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Boethius was an eminent public figure under the Gothic emperor Theodoric, and an exceptional Greek scholar. When he became involved in a conspiracy and was imprisoned in Pavia, it was to the Greek philosophers that he turned. THE CONSOLATION was written in the period leading up to his brutal execution. It is a dialogue of alternating prose and verse between the ailing prisoner and his 'nurse' Philosophy. Her instruction on the nature of fortune and happiness, good and evil, fate and free will, restore his health and bring him to enlightenment. THE CONSOLATION was extremely popular throughout medieval Europe and his ideas were influential on the thought of Chaucer and Dante.

De tempore

Author: Robert Kilwardby
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume makes available for the first time in English an invaluable source for medieval ideas on deep questions that will be familiar to present-day students of philosophy. The British philosopher-theologian Robert Kilwardby wrote, "On Time" and "On Imagination" in Oxford in the 1250s. "On Time" discusses whether time is independent of mind, investigates the nature of the unity of time, and asks whether there is an analogue of time in the life of pure spirits. "On Imagination" examines the nature of imagination, and its relations to sensation and desire, and ends with a lengthy section on the roles of head and heart in the exercise of common sense. In both treatises Kilwardby struggles to reconcile the views of Aristotle and Augustine. Broadie's introduction demonstrates how Kilwardby's acute intellect can help shed light on some perennial problems of philosophy. The volume complements Father Lewry's Latin text edition of the two treatises (Oxford, 1987).

Encyclopedia of Cancer and Society

Author: Graham A. Colditz
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412949890
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Three volumes collect 750 entries that provide information on the impact of cancer on different countries, along with the causes and strategies for prevention around the world.

King Lear in Context

Author: Keith Linley
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 1783083743
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This engaging book provides in-depth discussion of the various influences that an audience in 1606 would have brought to interpreting ‘King Lear’. How did people think about the world, about God, about sin, about kings, about civilized conduct? Learn about the social hierarchy, gender relationships, parenting and family dynamics, court corruption, class tensions, the literary profile of the time, the concept of tragedy – and all the subversions, transgressions, and oppositions that made the play an unsettling picture of a disintegrating world in free fall.

If A Then B

Author: Michael Shenefelt
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231535198
Format: PDF, Mobi
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While logical principles seem timeless, placeless, and eternal, their discovery is a story of personal accidents, political tragedies, and broad social change. If A, Then B begins with logic’s emergence twenty-three centuries ago and tracks its expansion as a discipline ever since. It explores where our sense of logic comes from and what it really is a sense of. It also explains what drove human beings to start studying logic in the first place. Logic is more than the work of logicians alone. Its discoveries have survived only because logicians have also been able to find a willing audience, and audiences are a consequence of social forces affecting large numbers of people, quite apart from individual will. This study therefore treats politics, economics, technology, and geography as fundamental factors in generating an audience for logic—grounding the discipline’s abstract principles in a compelling material narrative. The authors explain the turbulent times of the enigmatic Aristotle, the ancient Stoic Chrysippus, the medieval theologian Peter Abelard, and the modern thinkers René Descartes, David Hume, Jeremy Bentham, George Boole, Augustus De Morgan, John Stuart Mill, Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, and Alan Turing. Examining a variety of mysteries, such as why so many branches of logic (syllogistic, Stoic, inductive, and symbolic) have arisen only in particular places and periods, If A, Then B is the first book to situate the history of logic within the movements of a larger social world.

Dialogues and Essays

Author: Lucius Annaeus Seneca
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199552401
Format: PDF, Docs
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Stoic philosopher and tutor to the young emperor Nero, Seneca wrote moral essays - exercises in practical philosophy - on how to live in a troubled world. Strikingly applicable today, his thoughts on happiness and other subjects are here combined in a clear, modern translation with an introduction on Seneca's life and philosophy.