The Constitutional Rights of Children

Author: David S. Tanenhaus
Publisher: Landmark Law Cases & American
ISBN: 9780700625048
Format: PDF
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A new edition upon the 50th anniversary of the landmark 1967 US Supreme Court decision In re Gault.

States of Delinquency

Author: Miroslava Chavez-Garcia
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520951557
Format: PDF
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This unique analysis of the rise of the juvenile justice system from the nineteenth to twentieth centuries uses one of the harshest states—California—as a case study for examining racism in the treatment of incarcerated young people of color. Using rich new untapped archives, States of Delinquency is the first book to explore the experiences of young Mexican Americans, African Americans, and ethnic Euro-Americans in California correctional facilities including Whittier State School for Boys and the Preston School of Industry. Miroslava Chávez-García examines the ideologies and practices used by state institutions as they began to replace families and communities in punishing youth, and explores the application of science and pseudo-scientific research in the disproportionate classification of youths of color as degenerate. She also shows how these boys and girls, and their families, resisted increasingly harsh treatment and various kinds of abuse, including sterilization.

Understanding Your Right to Due Process

Author: Marty Gitlin
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 1448894700
Format: PDF
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One of our most fundamental rights as citizens of a democracy is our right to due process of law. This principle provides critical protection against arbitrary rule by the government. The text explores the origins of this very old constitutional principle and how its traditional definition has expanded over time. From a basic concern with fairness in criminal procedures (procedural due process), the legal concept expanded to become a key tool for protecting a variety of individual rights, some of them controversial (substantive due process). This title fulfills the needs of the Common Core by providing rigorous, complex text and examining due process rights from multiple points of view.

A kind and just parent

Author: William Ayers
Publisher: Beacon Pr
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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A teacher in a detention center school describes his experiences with Chicago's juvenile court system and the difficulties of the children who pass through it

The Gault Case

Author: Thomas J. Billitteri
Publisher: Enslow Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9780766013407
Format: PDF, Docs
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Examines the 1967 Supreme Court Case in which the court ruled that juvenile courts cannot deprive children of certain rights guaranteed by the Constitution.

Juvenile Justice A Social Historical and Legal Perspective

Author: Preston Elrod
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449667600
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A Fully Revised and Updated Edition of the Essential Juvenile Justice Textbook The juvenile justice system is a multifaceted entity that continually changes under the influence of decisions, policies, and laws. Juvenile Justice: A Social, Historical, and Legal Perspective, Fourth Edition is the most comprehensive reference on the juvenile justice system available. Reader-friendly but thorough, the text contains the most up-to-date research on juvenile justice operations and their effectiveness and is authored by two experts in the field. It presents contemporary topics in juvenile justice and situates them within a historical and theoretical context, covering juvenile justice history, the development of the juvenile court in the U.S., and contemporary juvenile justice practice, as well as chapters on status and violent offenders, and working in juvenile justice. Myth v. Reality boxes, FYI boxes, and Comparative Focus boxes provide students with important information, challenge preconceived ideas students may have about juvenile justice practice, critically examine juvenile justice practice, and maintain student interest. The fully revised and updated fourth edition includes the latest statistics and research data, new photos and figures, coverage of contemporary court cases, and new pedagogical features. Ideally suited for undergraduate students in juvenile justice courses, as well as graduate students and professionals seeking a comprehensive juvenile justice reference, Juvenile Justice: A Social, Historical, and Legal Perspective, Fourth Edition is the leading juvenile justice textbook on the market today.

Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice

Author: Franklin E. Zimring
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479841560
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This is a hopeful but complicated era for those with ambitions to reform the juvenile courts and youth-serving public institutions in the United States. As advocates plea for major reforms, many fear the public backlash in making dramatic changes. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice provides a look at the recent trends in juvenile justice as well as suggestions for reforms and policy changes in the future. Should youth be treated as adults when they break the law? How can youth be deterred from crime? What factors should be considered in how youth are punished?What role should the police have in schools? This essential volume, edited by two of the leading scholars on juvenile justice, and with contributors who are among the key experts on each issue, the volume focuses on the most pressing issues of the day: the impact of neuroscience on our understanding of brain development and subsequent sentencing, the relationship of schools and the police, the issue of the school-to-prison pipeline, the impact of immigration, the privacy of juvenile records, and the need for national policies—including registration requirements--for juvenile sex offenders. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice is not only a timely collection, based on the most current research, but also a forward-thinking volume that anticipates the needs for substantive and future changes in juvenile justice.

Bad Kids

Author: Barry C. Feld
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198025849
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Written by a leading scholar of juvenile justice, this book examines the social and legal changes that have transformed the juvenile court in the last three decades from a nominally rehabilitative welfare agency into a scaled-down criminal court for young offenders. It explores the complex relationship between race and youth crime to explain both the Supreme Court decisions to provide delinquents with procedural justice and the more recent political impetus to "get tough" on young offenders. This provocative book will be necessary reading for criminal and juvenile justice scholars, sociologists, legislators, and juvenile justice personnel.

Trout

Author: Jeff Kunerth
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780813049328
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Chronicles the killing of a worker at an auto store in Pensacola, Florida, in 1991, the crime perpetrated by teenagers who had been hired for the hit. The author recounts the events of the night of the murder, the investigation, the trials and sentencing of the teens, and their subsequent lives within the Florida court and penal systems. He uses the story of the Trout Auto Parts murder and the lives of these boys to explore varying aspects of troubled adiolescence, impulsive actions lasting only moments, and the national trend of trying juveniles as adults in court. This study of adolescent crime and punishment highlights the legal and moral issues that continue to plague our juvenile justice system.

The Evolution of the Juvenile Court

Author: Barry C. Feld
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479895695
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A major statement on the juvenile justice system by one of America’s leading experts The juvenile court lies at the intersection of youth policy and crime policy. Its institutional practices reflect our changing ideas about children and crime control. The Evolution of the Juvenile Court provides a sweeping overview of the American juvenile justice system’s development and change over the past century. Noted law professor and criminologist Barry C. Feld places special emphasis on changes over the last 25 years—the ascendance of get tough crime policies and the more recent Supreme Court recognition that “children are different.” Feld’s comprehensive historical analyses trace juvenile courts’ evolution though four periods—the original Progressive Era, the Due Process Revolution in the 1960s, the Get Tough Era of the 1980s and 1990s, and today’s Kids Are Different era. In each period, changes in the economy, cities, families, race and ethnicity, and politics have shaped juvenile courts’ policies and practices. Changes in juvenile courts’ ends and means—substance and procedure—reflect shifting notions of children’s culpability and competence. The Evolution of the Juvenile Court examines how conservative politicians used coded racial appeals to advocate get tough policies that equated children with adults and more recent Supreme Court decisions that draw on developmental psychology and neuroscience research to bolster its conclusions about youths’ reduced criminal responsibility and diminished competence. Feld draws on lessons from the past to envision a new, developmentally appropriate justice system for children. Ultimately, providing justice for children requires structural changes to reduce social and economic inequality—concentrated poverty in segregated urban areas—that disproportionately expose children of color to juvenile courts’ punitive policies. Historical, prescriptive, and analytical, The Evolution of the Juvenile Court evaluates the author’s past recommendations to abolish juvenile courts in light of this new evidence, and concludes that separate, but reformed, juvenile courts are necessary to protect children who commit crimes and facilitate their successful transition to adulthood.