The Crime Drop in America

Author: Alfred Blumstein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521681483
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Top criminologists explain the reasons for the drop in violent crime in America.

Malign Neglect

Author: Michael Tonry
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195104691
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Tonry focuses on the racial disparities in the criminal justice system, especially apparent discrimination toward black males.

Understanding Crime Statistics

Author: James P. Lynch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139462628
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In Understanding Crime Statistics, Lynch and Addington draw on the work of leading experts on U.S. crime statistics to provide much-needed research on appropriate use of this data. Specifically, the contributors explore the issues surrounding divergence in the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which have been the two major indicators of the level and of the change in level of crime in the United States for the past 30 years. This book examines recent changes in the UCR and the NCVS and assesses the effect these have had on divergence. By focusing on divergence, the authors encourage readers to think about how these data systems filter the reality of crime. Understanding Crime Statistics builds on this discussion of divergence to explain how the two data systems can be used as they were intended - in complementary rather than competitive ways.

The Constitution and the Future of Criminal Justice in America

Author: John T. Parry
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107434068
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Constitution and the Future of Criminal Justice in America brings together leading scholars from law, psychology and criminology to address timely and important topics in US criminal justice. The book tackles cutting-edge issues related to terrorism, immigration and transnational crime, and to the increasingly important connections between criminal law and the fields of social science and neuroscience. It also provides critical new perspectives on intractable problems such as the right to counsel, race and policing, and the proper balance between security and privacy. By putting legal theory and doctrine into a concrete and accessible context, the book will advance public policy and scholarly debates alike. This collection of essays is appropriate for anyone interested in understanding the current state of criminal justice and its future challenges.

Murder American Style

Author: Alex Alvarez
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780534534707
Format: PDF, Docs
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A part of the Wadsworth Contemporary Issues in Crime and Justice Series, this text is one of a few to exclusively address the core issues that relate to criminal homicide in the United States. MURDER AMERICAN STYLE provides an interdisciplinary theoretical approach to understanding the patterns and trends of lethal violence in America.

Contemporary Issues in Criminological Theory and Research

Author: Richard Rosenfeld
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1111771812
Format: PDF, ePub
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CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE THEORY, 1/e is an outstanding anthology of social institution-focused essays ideal for stimulating discussions and debates in the classroom. This collection features all 26 proposals and response essays presented at the American Society of Criminology’s 2010 annual meeting, on the major social institutions family, education, religion, the economy, and the political system and features a lead paper and commentaries on the paper written by subject experts. The book’s concise format makes it an invaluable resource for those wanting to incorporate current research and critical thinking into their criminology and criminal justice curricula. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Early Prevention of Adult Antisocial Behaviour

Author: David P. Farrington
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139433310
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book presents a comprehensive summary of how well adult crime, antisocial behaviour and antisocial personality disorder can be prevented by interventions applied early in life. It reviews important childhood risk and protective factors for these adult outcomes and the alternative strategies of primary prevention (targeting the whole community) and secondary prevention (targeting persons identified as high risk) are discussed. The book also contains extensive information about prevention programmes in pregnancy and infancy, pre-school programmes, parent education and training programmes, and school programmes (including the prevention of bullying). There is special emphasis on preventing the intergenerational transmission of antisocial behaviour by focusing on family violence, and a special review of whether risk factors and prevention programmes have different effects for females compared to males. Cost-benefit analyses of early prevention programmes are also reviewed, leading to the conclusion that adult antisocial behaviour can be prevented both effectively and cost-efficiently.

Criminology

Author: Gennaro F. Vito
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1284090922
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The fourth edition of best-selling Criminology: Theory, Research, and Policy discusses criminal behavior and explores the factors that contribute to crime as well as the social reactions to crime.

Choosing White Collar Crime

Author: Neal Shover
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139445245
Format: PDF
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For more than three decades, rational-choice theory has reigned as the dominant approach both for interpreting crime and as underpinning for crime-control programs. Although it has been applied to an array of street crimes, white-collar crime and those who commit it have thus far received less attention. Choosing White-Collar Crime is a systematic application of rational-choice theory to problems of explaining and controlling white-collar crime. It distinguishes ordinary and upperworld white-collar crime and presents reasons theoretically for believing that both have increased substantially in recent decades. Reasons for the increase include the growing supply of white-collar lure and non-credible oversight. Choosing White-Collar Crime also examines criminal decision making by white-collar criminals and their criminal careers. The book concludes with reasons for believing that problems of white-collar crime will continue unchecked in the increasingly global economy and calls for strengthened citizen movements to rein in the increases.

Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis

Author: Richard Wortley
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317487109
Format: PDF, ePub
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Environmental criminology is a term that encompasses a range of overlapping perspectives. At its core, the many strands of environmental criminology are bound by a common focus on the role that the immediate environment plays in the performance of crime, and a conviction that careful analyses of these environmental influences are the key to the effective investigation, control, and prevention of crime. This new edition brings together leading theorists and practitioners in the field to provide a comprehensive, integrative coverage of the field of environmental criminology and crime analysis. This book is divided into three sequential parts: • Understanding the crime event explores routine activity approach, crime pattern theory, the rational choice perspective, and situational precipitators of crime. • Analysing crime patterns discusses crime mapping, offender mobility, repeat victimisation, geographic profiling, and crime scripts. • Preventing and controlling crime covers topics including problem oriented policing, situational crime prevention, and environmental design. Fully updated and including new chapters on crime scripts and offender mobility, a scene-setting introductory overview, and critical thinking questions at the end of each chapter, this text is an essential and comprehensive resource for practitioners and students taking courses on environmental criminology, crime analysis, and crime prevention.