The Design and Manufacture of Medical Devices

Author: J Paulo Davim
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1908818182
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Medical devices play an important role in the field of medical and health technology, and encompass a wide range of health care products. Directive 2007/47/EC defines a medical device as any instrument, apparatus, appliance, software, material or other article, whether used alone or in combination, including the software intended by its manufacturer to be used specifically for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes and necessary for its proper application, intended by the manufacturer to be used for human beings. The design and manufacture of medical devices brings together a range of articles and case studies dealing with medical device R&D. Chapters in the book cover materials used in medical implants, such as Titanium Oxide, polyurethane, and advanced polymers; devices for specific applications such as spinal and craniofacial implants, and other issues related to medical devices, such as precision machining and integrated telemedicine systems. Contains articles on a diverse range of subjects within the field, with internationally renowned specialists discussing each medical device Offers a practical approach to recent developments in the design and manufacture of medical devices Presents a topic that is the focus of research in many important universities and centres of research worldwide

Machining and Machine tools

Author: J Paulo Davim
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857092197
Format: PDF
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This book is the third in the Woodhead Publishing Reviews: Mechanical Engineering Series, and includes high quality articles (full research articles, review articles and case studies) with a special emphasis on research and development in machining and machine-tools. Machining and machine tools is an important subject with application in several industries. Parts manufactured by other processes often require further operations before the product is ready for application. Traditional machining is the broad term used to describe removal of material from a work piece, and covers chip formation operations including: turning, milling, drilling and grinding. Recently the industrial utilization of non-traditional machining processes such as EDM (electrical discharge machining), LBM (laser-beam machining), AWJM (abrasive water jet machining) and USM (ultrasonic machining) has increased. The performance characteristics of machine tools and the significant development of existing and new processes, and machines, are considered. Nowadays, in Europe, USA, Japan and countries with emerging economies machine tools is a sector with great technological evolution. Includes high quality articles (full research articles, review articles and cases studies) with a special emphasis on research and development in machining and machine-tools Considers the performance characteristics of machine tools and the significant development of existing and new processes and machines Contains subject matter which is significant for many important centres of research and universities worldwide

Mechatronics and Manufacturing Engineering

Author: J Paulo Davim
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095897
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book, the first in the Woodhead Publishing Reviews: Mechanical Engineering Series, is a collection of high quality articles (full research articles, review articles and cases studies) with a special emphasis on research and development in mechatronics and manufacturing engineering. Mechatronics is the blending of mechanical, electronic, and computer engineering into an integrated design. Today, mechatronics has a significant and increasing impact on engineering with emphasis on the design, development and operation of manufacturing engineering systems. The main objective of this interdisciplinary engineering field is the study of automata from an engineering perspective, thinking on the design of products and manufacturing processes and systems. Mechatronics and manufacturing systems are well established and executed within a great number of industries including aircraft, automotive and aerospace industries; machine tools, moulds and dies product manufacturing, computers, electronics, semiconductor and communications, and biomedical. A collection of high quality articles with a special emphasis on research and development in mechatronics and manufacturing engineering Presents a range of views based on international expertise Written by a highly knowledgeable and well-respected expert in the field

Sterilisation of Biomaterials and Medical Devices

Author: Sophie Lerouge
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096265
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The effective sterilisation of any material or device to be implanted in or used in close contact with the human body is essential for the elimination of harmful agents such as bacteria. Sterilisation of biomaterials and medical devices reviews established and commonly used technologies alongside new and emerging processes. Following an introduction to the key concepts and challenges involved in sterilisation, the sterilisation of biomaterials and medical devices using steam and dry heat, ionising radiation and ethylene oxide is reviewed. A range of non-traditional sterilisation techniques, such as hydrogen peroxide gas plasma, ozone and steam formaldehyde, is then discussed together with research in sterilisation and decontamination of surfaces by plasma discharges. Sterilisation techniques for polymers, drug-device products and tissue allografts are then reviewed, together with antimicrobial coatings for ‘self-sterilisation’ and the challenge presented by prions and endotoxins in the sterilisation of reusable medical devices. The book concludes with a discussion of future trends in the sterilisation of biomaterials and medical devices. With its distinguished editors and expert team of international contributors, Sterilisation of biomaterials and medical devices is an essential reference for all materials scientists, engineers and researchers within the medical devices industry. It also provides a thorough overview for academics and clinicians working in this area. Reviews established and commonly used technologies alongside new and emerging processes Introduces and reviews the key concepts and challenges involved in sterilisation Discusses future trends in the sterilisation of biomaterials and medical devices

Engineering Textiles

Author: Y El Mogahzy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845695410
Format: PDF, ePub
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The need for manufacturers to make new products, diversify existing products and remain globally competitive is increasing. Engineering textiles: integrating the design and manufacture of textile products covers many aspects of product development and design conceptualization for both technical and traditional textiles. It also discusses several approaches to the fiber-to-fabric engineering of various textile products. Part one discusses fiber-to-fabric engineering in the context of product development and design of fiber-based products. Part two discusses the different types of fibers, yarns and fabrics suitable for the production of traditional and function-focused textiles. Chapters include key topics such as structure, characteristics and the design of textiles. Part three concludes with a discussion of the development of specific fibre applications, ranging from traditional textile products through to technical textiles such as transport and medical applications. Written by a highly distinguished author, this book is a pioneering guide to textile product design and development for a broad spectrum of readers, ranging from engineers in all fields, including textiles, material, mechanical, electrical, civil, chemical, polymer and fiber engineers. It is also suitable for textile technologists, fiber scientists and for those involved in research and development of both traditional and new-generation textile products. Reviews aspects of product development and design conceptualisation for both technical and traditional textiles Analyses material selection including structure and characteristics of various fibres Examines the development of fibrous products for transportation, medical and protection applications

Microfabrication and Precision Engineering

Author: J Paulo Davim
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0857094866
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Microfabrication and precision engineering is an increasingly important area relating to metallic, polymers, ceramics, composites, biomaterials and complex materials. Micro-electro-mechanical-systems (MEMS) emphasize miniaturization in both electronic and mechanical components. Microsystem products may be classified by application, and have been applied to a variety of fields, including medical, automotive, aerospace and alternative energy. Microsystems technology refers to the products as well as the fabrication technologies used in production. With detailed information on modelling of micro and nano-scale cutting, as well as innovative machining strategies involved in microelectrochemical applications, microchannel fabrication, as well as underwater pulsed Laser beam cutting, among other techniques, Microfabrication and Precision Engineering is a valuable reference for students, researchers and professionals in the microfabrication and precision engineering fields. Contains contributions by top industry experts Includes the latest techniques and strategies Special emphasis given to state-of-the art research and development in microfabrication and precision engineering

Joining and Assembly of Medical Materials and Devices

Author: Y N Zhou
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096427
Format: PDF
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As medical devices become more intricate, with an increasing number of components made from a wide range of materials, it is important that they meet stringent requirements to ensure that they are safe to be implanted and will not be rejected by the human body. Joining and assembly of medical materials and devices provides a comprehensive overview of joining techniques for a range of medical materials and applications. Part one provides an introduction to medical devices and joining methods with further specific chapters on microwelding methods in medical components and the effects of sterilization on medical materials and welded devices. Part two focuses on medical metals and includes chapters on the joining of shape memory alloys, platinum (Pt) alloys and stainless steel wires for implantable medical devices and evaluating the corrosion performance of metal medical device welds. Part three moves on to highlight the joining and assembly of medical plastics and discusses techniques including ultrasonic welding, transmission laser welding and radio frequency (RF)/dielectric welding. Finally, part four discusses the joining and assembly of biomaterial and tissue implants including metal-ceramic joining techniques for orthopaedic applications and tissue adhesives and sealants for surgical applications. Joining and assembly of medical materials and devices is a technical guide for engineers and researchers within the medical industry, professionals requiring an understanding of joining and assembly techniques in a medical setting, and academics interested in this field. Introduces joining methods in medical applications including microwelding and considers the effects of sterilization on the resulting joints and devices Considers the joining, assembly and corrosion performance of medical metals including shape memory alloys, platinum alloys and stainless steel wires Considers the joining and assembly of medical plastics including multiple welding methods, bonding strategies and adhesives

Biocompatibility and Performance of Medical Devices

Author: Jean-Pierre Boutrand
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096451
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Implant and device manufacturers are increasingly facing the challenge of proving that their products are safe and biocompatible, and that they will perform as expected. Biocompatibility and performance of medical devices provides an essential guide to the performance analysis of these vital devices. Part one introduces the key concepts and challenges faced in relation to biocompatibility in medical devices, with consideration of biological safety evaluation planning and biomechanical and biochemical compatibility in innovative biomaterials. Part two goes on to discuss the evaluation and characterisation of biocompatibility in medical devices. Topics covered include material and chemical characterisation, allowable limits for toxic leachables, in vivo and in vitro testing and blood compatibility assessment. Testing and interpreting medical device performance is the focus of part three, with chapters describing preclinical performance studies for bone, dental and soft tissue implants, and mechanical testing of soft and hard tissue implants. Part four provides information on the regulation of medical devices in the European Union, Japan and China, and the book concludes with part five, a review of histopathology principles for biocompatibility and performance studies. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Biocompatibility and performance of medical devices is a vital tool for all those involved in the research, design, production and application of medical devices, including research directors, production companies and medical regulatory agencies, as well as industry professionals and academics. Examines the key concepts and challenges faced in relation to biocompatibility in medical devices Discusses evaluation and characterisation issues, including material and chemical characterization, allowable limits for toxic leachables, in vivo and in vitro testing, and blood compatibility assessment Delivers a comprehensive overview of testing and interpreting medical device performance

Medical Devices

Author: Seeram Ramakrishna
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081002912
Format: PDF, Docs
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Medical Devices and Regulations: Standards and Practices will shed light on the importance of regulations and standards among all stakeholders, bioengineering designers, biomaterial scientists and researchers to enable development of future medical devices. Based on the authors’ practical experience, this book provides a concise, practical guide on key issues and processes in developing new medical devices to meet international regulatory requirements and standards. Provides readers with a global perspective on medical device regulations Concise and comprehensive information on how to design medical devices to ensure they meet regulations and standards Includes a useful case study demonstrating the design and approval process

Design and Manufacture of Textile Composites

Author: A C Long
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845690826
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The term ‘textile composites’ is often used to describe a rather narrow range of materials, based on three-dimensional reinforcements produced using specialist equipment. In Design and manufacture of textile composites, however, the term is used to describe the broad range of polymer composite materials with textile reinforcements, from woven and non-crimp commodity fabrics to three dimensional textiles. Whilst attention is given to modelling of textile structures, composites manufacturing methods and subsequent component performance, it is substantially a practical book, intended to help all those developing new products with textile composites. Chapters on modelling include material models and data of use to both researchers and manufacturers, along with case studies for real components. Chapters on manufacturing describe both current processing technologies and emerging areas, and give practical processing guidelines. The last section contains a number of chapters covering applications from a broad range of areas, including transportation, sporting construction and medical applications. As well as illustrating typical components in each area, associated design methodologies and interactions between processing and performance are covered. Design and manufacture of textile composites is an invaluable guide for manufacturers of polymer composite components, end-users and designers, researchers in the fields of structural materials and technical textiles and textile manufacturers. It will also provide manufacturers of traditional textiles with new areas to investigate and potential markets. Covers a broad range of polymer composite materials with textile reinforcements Edited by a leading authority in the field with contributions from a worldwide team of authors