The Development of Institutions of Human Rights

Author: L. Barria
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230109489
Format: PDF
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During the transition to democracy, states have used various mechanisms to address previous human rights abuses including trials, truth and reconciliation commissions and internationalized tribunals. This volume analyzes the transitional justice choices made by four countries: Argentina, Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH), Sierra Leone and East Timor.

Comparative Studies and Regionally Focused Cases Examining Local Governments

Author: Sadioglu, Ugur
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522503218
Format: PDF, ePub
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In the era of globalization, comparative government and politics have come to the forefront due to the transformations of the social welfare state and the subsequent social, economic, political, cultural, technological and administrative changes. Taking a particular look at local government systems can uncover new perspectives on issues related to globalization, localization, governance, new democracy movements, managerial reformation, and privatization. Comparative Studies and Regionally-Focused Cases Examining Local Governments is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on the role played by local governments in overall administration, types and models of government at the local level, consequences of managerial reformations, and new develops regarding structure, process, personnel, and policymaking aspects of government. Highlighting relevant perspectives from comparative research and case studies, this book is ideally designed for students, government officials, politicians, civil society representatives, and academicians.

Issues and Methods in Comparative Politics

Author: Todd Landman
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317533801
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Building on the strengths of the third edition, this highly regarded textbook continues to provide the best introduction to the strategies of comparative research in political science. Divided into three parts, the book begins by examining different methods, applying these methods to dominant issues in comparative politics using a wealth of topical examples from around the world, and then discusses the new challenges in the area. This thoroughly revised and updated edition features: Additional contemporary case studies including the democratisation of technology and the Arab Spring; Detailed discussion of regression analysis and diffusion; More analysis of justice, inequality, and compliance; Reflection on new methods and treatments of contemporary comparative politics. Balancing reader friendly features with high quality analysis makes this popular academic text is essential reading for everyone interested in comparative politics and research methods.

Interpreting Human Rights

Author: Rhiannon Morgan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134011458
Format: PDF
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In recent decades, human rights have come to occupy an apparently unshakable position as a key and pervasive feature of contemporary global public culture. At the same time, human rights have become a central focus of research in the social sciences, embracing distinctive analytical and empirical agendas for the study of rights. This volume gathers together original social-scientific research on human rights, and in doing so situates them in an open intellectual terrain, thereby responding to the complexity and scope of meanings, practices, and institutions associated with such rights. Chapters in the book examine diverse theoretical perspectives and examine such issues as the right to health, indigenous peoples' rights, cultural politics, the role of the United Nations, women and violence, the role of corporations and labour law. Written by leading scholars in the field and from a range of disciplines across the social sciences, this volume combines new empirical research with both established and innovative social theory.

Studying Human Rights

Author: Todd Landman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134341431
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book draws on key theories and methods from the social sciences to develop a framework for the systematic study of human rights problems. It argues that solid empirical analysis of human rights problems rests on examining the observable practices from state and non-state actors that constitute human rights violations to provide plausible explanations for their occurrence and provide deeper understanding of their meaning. Such explanations and understanding draws on the theoretical insights from rational, structural and cultural approaches in the social sciences. This book includes: an outline of the scope of human rights the terrain of key actors that have an impact on human rights a summary of the social science theories, methods and measures for studying human rights a separate treatment of global comparative studies, truth commissions, and human rights impact assessment. Studying Human Rights is the first book to use the synthesis of social sciences approaches to studying human rights and its quantitative and qualitative approach provides useful insights. This book makes a unique contribution to the existent literature on human rights and is an invaluable tool for both scholars and practitioners of this area.

The Politics and Memory of Democratic Transition

Author: Diego Muro
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136852247
Format: PDF, ePub
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Most accounts on the Spanish transition to democracy of the late 1970s are based on a false dilemma. Its simplest formulation could be: was it the pressure from below, i.e. the organized working classes, students and neighbors associations that triggered political change; or was the elite settlement reached by the regime soft-liners and the moderate sectors of the democratic opposition that established it? This new and innovative volume appraises the movement towards a more democratic Spain from a variety of important perspectives; the collection of essays sheds light on the wide range of crucial processes, institutions and actors involved in the political transformation that operated in the Spanish instance of the Third Wave of democratization. By making comparisons to other democratic transitions, synthesizing the ideas of several leading Spanish History scholars, as well as incorporating new voices involved in creating the directions of research to come, The Politics and Memory of Democratic Transition offers a thorough and vital look at this key period in contemporary Spanish history, taking stock of critical lessons to be gleaned from the Spanish Transition, and pointing the way toward its future as a democratic nation.

Democratic Institution Performance

Author: Edward R. McMahon
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275977887
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Contributors address the roles of democratic institutions--civil society, elections, globalization, international assistance, and public opinion in supporting and sustaining democratic governance--and how they can be consolidated and strengthened.

Genocide and Gross Human Rights Violations

Author: Kurt Jonassohn
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412824453
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Genocide and Gross Human Rights Violations offers actual studies of genocide in India, China, Colonial Africa, the Soviet Union, Burma, and the former Yugoslavia. Beyond narrating the most horrendous atrocities, the book focuses on the nature of gross human rights violations and genocides, and how best to stop them. Jonassohn formulates a typology that distinguishes events that have different origins, occur in different situations, and follow different processes. This work is motivated by the hope that it might be possible to reduce the number of genocides and to intervene in those that do occur.

Contemporary African Politics

Author: Bamidele A. Ojo
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761813286
Format: PDF, ePub
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Contemporary African Politics presents a series of essays focusing on the transition to democracy in the countries of Africa. The contributors use specific case studies to identify the problems and prospects of the search for democratic legitimacy in Africa. Taking into account the rapid political changes in Africa, the essays demonstrate the pursuit of democracy as more than a simple adaptation of western institutional structures and philosophical ideals. They are presented as a unique manipulation of domestic variables capable of nurturing democratic ideals that will sustain the democratization process. They examine the varied conceptual perspectives on democracy as related to Africa while critiquing the comparative perspectives of many of the democratic experiments. The contributors discuss international relations, the role of the military, and the problem of African economic recovery in the context of the developing democracies, emphasizing Uganda, Nigeria, Namibia, and South Africa through specific case studies.

Global Perspectives on the Rule of Law

Author: James J. Heckman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135202664
Format: PDF, Docs
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Global Perspectives on the Rule of Law is a collection of original research on the rule of law from a panel of leading economists, political scientists, legal scholars, sociologists and historians. The chapters critically analyze the meaning and foundations of the rule of law and its relationship to economic and democratic development, challenging many of the underlying assumptions guiding the burgeoning field of rule of law development. The combination of jurisprudential, quantitative, historical/comparative, and theoretical analyses seeks to chart a new course in scholarship on the rule of law: the volume as a whole takes seriously the role of law in pursuing global justice, while confronting the complexity of instituting the rule of law and delivering its promised benefits. Written for scholars, practitioners, and policy-makers, Global Perspectives on the Rule of Law offers a unique combination of jurisprudential and empirical research that will be provocative and relevant to those who are attempting to understand and advance the rule of law globally. The chapters progress from broad questions regarding current rule of development efforts and the concept of rule of law to more specific issues pertaining to economic and democratic development. Specific countries, such as China, India, and seventeenth century England and the Netherlands, serve as case studies in some chapters, while broad global surveys feature in other chapters. Indeed, this impressive scope of research ushers in the next generation of scholarship in this area.