The Development of Secularism in Turkey

Author: Niyazi Berkes
Publisher: C. HURST & CO. PUBLISHERS
ISBN: 9781850653493
Format: PDF
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Examining the transformation of Turkey from a traditional to a secular state, this text covers such topics as: the economic and political impact of the West; constitutional absolutism; the secularism of the Mesrutiyet; the birth of a nation under fire; and the secularism of the Kemalist regime.

Democracy Islam and Secularism in Turkey

Author: Ahmet T. Kuru
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231530250
Format: PDF, Docs
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While Turkey has grown as a world power, promoting the image of a progressive and stable nation, several choices in policy have strained its relationship with the East and the West. Providing historical, social, and religious context for this behavior, the essays in Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey examine issues relevant to Turkish debates and global concerns, from the state's position on religion to its involvement with the European Union. Written by experts in a range of disciplines, the chapters explore the toleration of diversity during the Ottoman Empire's classical period; the erosion of ethno-religious heterogeneity in modern, pre-democratic times; Kemalism and its role in modernization and nation building; the changing political strategies of the military; and the effect of possible EU membership on domestic reforms. The essays also offer a cross-Continental comparison of "multiple secularisms," as well as political parties, considering especially Turkey's Justice and Development Party in relation to Europe's Christian Democratic parties. Contributors tackle critical research questions, such as the legacy of the Ottoman Empire's ethno-religious plurality and the way in which Turkey's assertive secularism can be softened to allow greater space for religious actors. They address the military's "guardian" role in Turkey's secularism, the implications of recent constitutional amendments for democratization, and the consequences and benefits of Islamic activism's presence within a democratic system. No other collection confronts Turkey's contemporary evolution so vividly and thoroughly or offers such expert analysis of its crucial social and political systems. Contributors: Karen Barkey (Columbia University) Ümit Cizre (Istanbul Sehir University) M. Sükrü Hanioglu (Princeton University) Stathis N. Kalyvas (Yale University) Ahmet T. Kuru (San Diego State University) Joost Lagendijk (Sabanc University) Ergun Özbudun (Bilkent University) Alfred Stepan (Columbia University)

Islam and Secularism in Turkey

Author: Umut Azak
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857713779
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Are you aware of the danger?' The 'danger' was fear of 'reactionary' insurgent Islam ('Irtica') and this was the chilling slogan in the 'Republic' newspaper in 2006 - over 80 years after the establishment of the secular Republic of Turkey. When Kemal Ataturk's Republic of Turkey was set up in 1923 as a secular state, sweeping political, social, cultural and religious reforms followed. Islam was no longer the official religion of the state, the Sultanate was abolished, all Turkish citzens were declared equal without reference to religion and secular control of education curbed clerical influence. In Azak's phrase, 'secularism was the central tenet of Kemalism' and the ruling philosophy of positvism overshadowed traditional religion. But the fear of resurgent and fanatical Islam continued, fuelled by the Menemen Incident - when a religious extremist murdered a state official - the attempt on the life of the proprietor of the leading liberal newspaper, the 'Fatherland', and the rise of Said Nursi's 'Nurcus' faith movement preaching a suspected fanatical Islam. And in the 21st century fear still haunts the state with the Council of State's controversial upholding of the headscarf ban and with suspected Islamist influence in modern political parties like the Justice and Development Party (JDP). Azak's revisionist and orginal study follows the struggle between religion and secularism but shows how Ataturk's secular state strove for an idealised 'Turkish Islam' - the 'social cement' of the Turkish nation - stripped of superstition and obscurantism and linked to modern science and rational, positivist, philosophy. The Young Turk ideal of 'Turkish Islam' could make Ataurk's 'catching of the train of civillisation' possible. Thus Islam would be, in Azak's view, 'personal, enlightened, rational and national'. 'Turkish Islam' has also retained its traditional form in the modern state and Ataturk's Mausoleum dominates the capital as a pantheon, attracts popular devotion, and even secularism and inspires semi-religious acclamation at Aturturk's shrine - 'Turkey is secular, it will remain secular'.

Political Islam and the secular state in Turkey

Author: Evangelia Axiarlis
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1780769237
Format: PDF, Docs
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How safe is Turkey's liberal democracy? The rise to power in 2002 of the right-leaning Islamic Justice and Development Party ignited fears in the West that Turkey could no longer be relied upon to provide a buffer against the growth of Islamic fundamentalism in the Middle East. But the contribution of the JDP (or AKP as it known in Turkey) to civil liberties and basic freedoms, long suppressed by secular and statist Kemalist ideology, has remained unexamined despite more than a decade in government. In this - the first detailed study of the policies and ideology of Prime Minister Erdogan's government - Evangelia Axiarlis examines the extent to which the JDP has worked to improve civil life in Turkey and critically addresses whether a government built on Islamic principles can champion political reform. Exploring how Islam and democracy are neither monoliths nor mutually exclusive, this is a timely contribution to the wider understanding of political Islam.

Democracy Islam and Secularism in Turkey

Author: Ahmet Kuru
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231159331
Format: PDF, Docs
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While Turkey has grown as a world power, promoting the image of a progressive and stable nation, several policy choices have strained its relationship with the East and the West. Providing social, historical, and religious context for Turkey's singular behavior, the essays in Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey examine issues relevant to Turkish debates and global concerns, from the state's position on religion and diversity to its involvement in the European Union. Written by experts in a range of disciplines, the chapters explore the Ottoman toleration of diversity during its classical period; the erosion of ethno-religious diversity in modern, pre-democratic times; Kemalism and its role in modernization and nation building; the changing political strategies of the military; and the effect of possible EU membership on domestic reforms. They also conduct a cross-Continental comparison of "multiple secularisms" as well as political parties, considering the Justice and Development Party in Turkey in relation to Christian Democratic parties in Europe. The contributors tackle central research questions, such as what is the legacy of the Ottoman Empire's ethno-religious plurality and how can Turkey's assertive secularism be softened to allow greater space for religious actors. They address the military's "guardian" role in Turkey's secularism, the implications of recent constitutional amendments for democratization, and the consequences and benefits of Islamic activism's presence within a democratic system. No other collection confronts Turkey's contemporary evolution so vividly and thoroughly or offers such expert analysis of its crucial social and political systems.

Halbmond und Stern

Author: Stephen Kinzer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527504931
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Die Türkei ist ein Land der Gegensätze: sie steht zwischen der Vergangenheit des Osmanischen Reichs, und der Hoffnung auf eine demokratische Zukunft, dem starken Militär und einer bürgerlichen Gesellschaft, der muslimischen Tradition und dem laizistischen Staat. Außerdem ist die Türkei NATO-Mitglied, liegt sowohl in Asien als auch in Europa und spielt eine zentrale Rolle in der Nahost-Politik des Westens. Stephen Kinzer war Korrespondent der New York Times in Istanbul und schildert lyrisch, manchmal sogar romantisch, aber immer mit der nötigen Distanz diesen Staat, der für Deutschland und Europa so wichtig ist. Ein Buch über ein Land in zwei Welten, geschrieben von einem Insider aus dem Westen, der beide Welten kennt.