Wissen und Wirtschaft

Author: Marian Füssel
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647301221
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Die im Band versammelten Aufsätze stellen Fallstudien zur Historisierung von Expertenwissen dar. Anhand der Interaktion von Experten auf Wissensmärkten sowie der Etablierung und Inszenierung von ökonomischen Experten untersuchen die Autorinnen und Autoren die Verbindung von Semantiken, Institutionen und Praktiken, um die spezifischen spätmittelalterlichen und frühneuzeitlichen Formen von Ökonomie in Figurationen von Caritas und Wucher, Moral und Markt, Wissen und Wirtschaft herauszuarbeiten. Ihr Anliegen ist es, Heuristiken einer vielfach eingeforderten kulturwissenschaftlichen Wirtschaftsgeschichte auszuloten, um Begriffe wie Wirtschaft und Markt zu historisieren und eine bessere Modellierung vormoderner Ökonomien zu erreichen. Durch die Perspektive der longue durée ermöglicht der Band Einblicke in die Genese wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Semantiken und ökonomischer Praktiken einer Umbruchszeit, in der wesentliche Weichen gestellt wurden für die Ausdifferenzierung von Wirtschaft als eigenständigem System, die für die moderne kapitalistische Wirtschaft als charakteristisch betrachtet wird.

Military Transformation and Strategy

Author: Bernard Loo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134103433
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book explores the idea of a ‘revolution in military affairs’ (RMA), which underpins the transformational agenda of the US military, and examines its implications for smaller states. The strategic studies literature on the RMA tends to be American-centric and directed towards the strategic problems of the US military. This volume seeks to fill the gap in the literature and establish an intellectual framework that can assist other, smaller powers in their respective approaches to this issue. The book does so in three main sections; Part I focuses on questions of transformations in strategy and war; Part II explores transformations in operations; while Part III examines possible impediments to an RMA. This book will be of much interest to students of Military Studies, Asian Studies, Strategic Studies and International Relations in general.

The Military Revolution in Early Modern Europe

Author: Frank Jacob
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137539186
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book challenges the premise that a ‘military revolution’ prompted the major European powers to enter into an era of global hegemony during the early modern period, and suggests that this theory is not supported if we closely examine contemporary historical events. The conquests of Mexico and Peru, arguably the two most important colonial acquisitions by a European power during that era, were accomplished without the technology or tactics that are usually associated with the ‘military revolution’. On the other hand, Japan, Korea, some Indian states and the Ottoman Empire implemented military reforms, both tactical and technological, that are commonly associated with what was considered an exclusively Western approach to warfare. By comparing case studies of the Western and the non-Western world, Frank Jacob and Gilmar Visoni-Alonzo show that the concept of such a ‘military revolution’ is a myth perpetuated by a Eurocentric perspective on history.

What is Military History

Author: Stephen Morillo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745665330
Format: PDF, ePub
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This clear, readable introduction to the popular field of military history is now available in a refreshed and updated second edition. It shows that military history encompasses not just accounts of campaigns and battles but includes a wide range of perspectives on all aspects of past military organization and activity. In concise chapters it explains the fundamental features of the field, including: The history of military history, showing how it has developed from ancient times to the present; The key ideas and concepts that shape analysis of military activity; it argues that military history is as methodologically and philosophically sophisticated as any field of history; The current controversies about which military historians argue, and why they are important; A survey of who does military history, where it is taught and published, and how it is practiced; A look at where military history is headed in the future. The new edition of What is Military History? provides an up-to-date bibliography and cutting edge new case studies, including counterinsurgency, and as such continues to be ideal for classes in military history and in historiography generally, as well as for anyone interested in learning more about the dynamics of a rich and growing area of study.

Military Transition in Early Modern Asia 1400 1750

Author: Kaushik Roy
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1780938004
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A substantial amount of work has been carried out to explore the military systems of Western Europe during the early modern era, but the military trajectories of the Asian states have received relatively little attention. This study provides the first comparative study of the major Asian empires' military systems and explores the extent of the impact of West European military transition on the extra-European world. Kaushik Roy conducts a comparative analysis of the armies and navies of the large agrarian bureaucratic empires of Asia, focusing on the question of how far the Asian polities were able to integrate gunpowder weapons in their military systems. Military Transition in Early Modern Asia, 1400-1750 offers important insights into the common patterns in war making across the region, and the impact of firearms and artillery.

Fiscal Military State Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199808359
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of the ancient world find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated. This ebook is just one of many articles from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Atlantic History, a continuously updated and growing online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through the scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of Atlantic History, the study of the transnational interconnections between Europe, North America, South America, and Africa, particularly in the early modern and colonial period. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibliographies.com.

The Routledge Handbook of American Military and Diplomatic History

Author: Christos G. Frentzos
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317813340
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Routledge Handbook of American Military and Diplomatic History provides a comprehensive analysis of the major events, conflicts, and personalities that have defined and shaped the military history of the United States. This volume, The Colonial Period to 1877, illuminates the early period of American history, from the colonial warfare of the 17th century through the tribulations of Reconstruction. The chronologically organized sections each begin with an introductory chapter that provides a concise narrative of the period and highlights the scholarly debates and interpretive schools of thought in the historiography, followed by topical chapters on issues in the period. Topics covered include colonial encounters and warfare, the French and Indian War, the American Revolution, diplomacy in the early American republic, the War of 1812, westward expansion and conquest, the Mexican-American War, the Civil War, and Reconstruction. With authoritative and vividly written chapters by both leading scholars and new talent, this state-of-the-field handbook will be a go-to reference for every American history scholar's bookshelf.