The Economics and Organization of Brazilian Agriculture

Author: Fabio Chaddad
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128018070
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Economics and Organization of Brazilian Agriculture: Recent Evolution and Productivity Gains presents insights on Brazilian agriculture and its impressive gains in productivity and international competitiveness, also providing insightful examples for global policymakers. In Brazil, as in many countries, many economists and policymakers believe that agriculture is a traditional, low-tech sector that crowds out the development of other economic sectors and the country. This book shows that this anti-agriculture bias is ill-informed, and with population growth, rising incomes, urbanization and diet changes – especially in developing countries like China and India – on the rise, the demand for food is expected to double in the next 40 years. Brazil has the natural resources, technology and management systems in place to benefit from this expected growth in food consumption and trade. Through real-world examples, the book shows how other low-latitude countries with tropical climate and soils like Brazil – especially in sub-Saharan Africa – can benefit from the agricultural technology, production, and management systems developed in Brazil. Case studies in each of three key categories, including technology, resource management, and effective government programs provide valuable insights into effective decision-making to maximize the effect of each. Provides important and practical insights into achievable agricultural options via case studies Addresses the use of natural resources, technological advances, and management systems to create viable, adaptive economic growth Applies lessons learned in Brazil to improving both economic and ecological resource-sustainable agriculture for other regions and countries

The Oxford Handbook of the Brazilian Economy

Author: Edmund Amann
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190499990
Format: PDF
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Brazil is a globally vital but troubled economy. This volume offers comprehensive insight into Brazil's economic development, focusing on its most salient characteristics and analyzing its structural features across various dimensions. This innovative Oxford Handbook provides an understanding of the economy's evolution over time and highlights the implications of the past trajectory and decisions for current challenges and opportunities. The opening section covers the country's economic history, beginning with the colonial economy, through import-substitution, to the era of neoliberalism. Second, it analyses Brazil's broader place in the global economy, and considers the ways in which this role has changed, and is likely to change, over coming years. Particular attention is given to the productive sectors of Brazil's economy, for example manufacturing, agriculture, services, energy, and infrastructure. In addition to discussions of regional differences within Brazil, socio-economic dimensions are examined. These include income distribution, human capital, environmental issues, and health. Also included is a discussion of Brazil in the world economy, such as the increase in "South-South" cooperation and trade as well as foreign direct investment. Last but not least is a discussion of the role of the Brazilian state in the economy, whether through state enterprises, competition policy, or corruption.

Brazil as an Economic Superpower

Author: Lael Brainard
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815703655
Format: PDF, ePub
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In Brazil, the confluence of strong global demand for the country's major products, global successes for its major corporations, and steady results from its economic policies is building confidence and even reviving dreams of grandeza—the greatness that has proven elusive in the past. Even as the current economic crisis tempers expectations of the future, the trends identified in this book suggest that Brazil will continue its path toward becoming a leading economic power in the future. Once seen as an economic backwater, Brazil now occupies key niches in energy, agriculture, service industries, and even high technology. Yet Latin America's largest nation still struggles with endemic inequality issues and deep-seated ambivalence toward global economic integration. Scholars and policy practitioners from Brazil, the United States, and Europe recently gathered to investigate the present state and likely future of the Brazilian economy. This important volume is the timely result. In Brazil as an Economic Superpower? international authorities focus on five key topics: agribusiness, energy, trade, social investment, and multinational corporations. Their analyses and expertise provide not only a unique and authoritative picture of the Brazilian economy but also a useful lens through which to view the changing global economy as a whole.

Productivity Growth in Agriculture

Author: Keith Owen Fuglie
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845939212
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume is written primarily for agricultural economists doing research on productivity. It includes discussions of the theoretical underpinnings of productivity measurement as well as the many practical considerations that go into translating this theory into actual measures of aggregated outputs and inputs. The unifying concept of agricultural productivity used across the chapters of this volume is aggregate total factor productivity (TFP) of the sector. The volume also contains detailed analysis of the underlying causes of agricultural productivity growth. Part I (chapters 2-6) examines agricultural productivity in high-income and transition countries. Part II (chapters 7-11) examines agricultural productivity growth and its driving forces in five important agricultural producers in Asia and Latin America. Part III (chapters 12-14) focuses on measuring and identifying constraints to agricultural productivity growth in sub-Saharan Africa. Part IV (chapters 15-16) gives a global perspective on agricultural productivity.

Agricultural Research in Africa

Author: Lynam, John
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0896292126
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book—prepared by Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI), which is led by IFPRI—offers a comprehensive perspective on the evolution, current status, and future goals of agricultural research and development in Africa, including analyses of the complex underlying issues and challenges involved, as well as insights into how they might be overcome. Agriculture in Africa south of the Sahara is at a prospective tipping point. Growth has accelerated in the past decade, but is unsustainable given increasing use of finite resources. The yield gap in African agriculture is significant, and scenarios on feeding the world’s population into the future highlight the need for Africa to expand its agricultural production. Agricultural Research in Africa: Investing in Future Harvests discusses the need to shift to a growth path based on increased productivity—as in the rest of the developing world— which is essential if Africa is to increase rural incomes and compete in both domestic and international markets. Such a shift ultimately requires building on evolving improvements that collectively translate to deepening rural innovation capacity.

The Brazilian Economy

Author: Werner Baer
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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?Baer?s book has become the standard, authoritative reference for those who need to understand the current workings, as well as the historical evolution, of the Brazilian economy. This timely and welcome new edition sheds important light on the policy challenges facing Brazil in the 21st century.??Riordan Roett, Johns Hopkins UniversityIn this thorough description and analysis of Latin America?s largest economy, Werner Baer traces the trajectory of Brazil?s economic development from the colonial period through the current Lula administration.The sixth edition includes vast amounts of new statistical and institutional information, as well as a detailed assessment of the country?s economic performance over the last decade. Current, and often contentious, issues such as privatization, income and regional inequalities, and the environmental impact of development are also extensively explored.Designed to be broadly accessible, this new edition will be valuable in a wide range of venues, from universities to the corporate world to the libraries of development organizations. Werner Baer is Jorge Lemann Professor of Economics at the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana. Among his most recent publications are Liberalization and its Consequences and Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America: Its Changing Nature at the Turn of the Century.Contents: Introduction. The Historical Trajectory. The Colonial Period and the Nineteenth Century. Early Industrial Growth. Post?World War II Industrialization: 1946?1961. From Stagnation and Boom to the Debt Crisis: 1961?1985. Inflation and Economic Drift: 1985?1994. The Real Plan and the End of Inflation: 1994?2002. Economic Orthodoxy vs. Social Development: 2002?2007. Exploring Central Issues. The External Sector: Trade and Foreign Investments. The Changing Public Sector and the Impact of Privatization. Regional Inequalities. The Agricultural Sector. The Environmental Impact of Development. Healthcare. Neoliberalism and Market Concentration: The Emergence of a Contradiction? Conclusion. Structural Changes in Brazil?s Economy: 1960?2006.

Brazilian agriculture

Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Directorate for Food, Agriculture and Fisheries
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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Youth and Agriculture

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9251084750
Format: PDF
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Young people account for a large percentage of the rural population, and are often unemployed or underemployed, despite the need for labour force in agriculture. Rural youth face many hurdles in trying to earn a livelihood. They do not perceive agriculture as a remunerative or prestigious profession, and until they find meaningful economic opportunities and attractive environments in rural areas, they will continue to migrate to cities. This trend not only contributes to the emerging phenomenon of over-urbanization and growing unemployment in urban areas, but is also expected to affect global food production. Investing in young people living in rural areas is therefore key to enhancing agricultural productivity, boosting rural economies and ensuring food security. This publication provides real life examples on how to re-engage youth in agriculture. It shows how tailor-made educational programmes can provide rural youth with the skills and insights needed to engage in farming and adopt environmentally friendly production methods. Many of the initiatives and approaches reported in this study originate from the youth themselves. The following study was a joint undertaking of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA).