The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity Ecological and Economic Foundations

Author: Pushpam Kumar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136538798
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Human well-being relies critically on ecosystem services provided by nature. Examples include water and air quality regulation, nutrient cycling and decomposition, plant pollination and flood control, all of which are dependent on biodiversity. They are predominantly public goods with limited or no markets and do not command any price in the conventional economic system, so their loss is often not detected and continues unaddressed and unabated. This in turn not only impacts human well-being, but also seriously undermines the sustainability of the economic system. It is against this background that TEEB: The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity project was set up in 2007 and led by the United Nations Environment Programme to provide a comprehensive global assessment of economic aspects of these issues. This book, written by a team of international experts, represents the scientific state of the art, providing a comprehensive assessment of the fundamental ecological and economic principles of measuring and valuing ecosystem services and biodiversity, and showing how these can be mainstreamed into public policies. This volume and subsequent TEEB outputs will provide the authoritative knowledge and guidance to drive forward the biodiversity conservation agenda for the next decade.

Handbook on the Economics of Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity

Author: Paulo A L D Nunes
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1781951519
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In recent years, there has been a marked proliferation in the literature on economic approaches to ecosystem management, which has created a subsequent need for real understanding of the scope and the limits of the economic approaches to ecosystems and

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in National and International Policy Making

Author: Patrick ten Brink
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136538720
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) study is a major international initiative drawing attention to local, national and global economic benefits of biodiversity, to highlight the growing costs of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, the benefits of investing in natural capital, and to draw together expertise from the fields of science, economics and policy to enable practical actions. Drawing on a team of more than one hundred authors and reviewers, this book demonstrates the value of ecosystems and biodiversity to the economy, society and individuals. It underlines the urgency of strategic policy making and action at national and international levels, and presents a rich evidence base of policies and instruments in use around the world and a wide range of innovative solutions. It highlights the need for new public policy to reflect the appreciation that public goods and social benefits are often overlooked and that we need a transition to decision making which integrates the many values of nature across policy sectors. It explores the range of instruments to reward those offering ecosystem service benefits, such as water provision and climate regulation. It looks at fiscal and regulatory instruments to reduce the incentives of those running down our natural capital, and at reforming subsidies such that they respond to current and future priorities. The authors also consider two major areas of investment in natural capital - protected areas and investment in restoration. Overall the book underlines the needs and ways to transform our approach to natural capital, and demonstrates how we can practically take into account the value of ecosystems and biodiversity in policy decisions - at national and international levels - to promote the protection of our environment and contribute to a sustainable economy and to the wellbeing of societies.

The Greening of European Business under EU Law

Author: Beate Sjåfjell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131766471X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The relationship between environmentally sustainable development and company and business law has emerged in recent years as a matter of major concern for many scholars, policy-makers, businesses and nongovernmental organisations. This book offers a conceptual analysis of the principles of sustainable development and environmental integration in the EU legal system. It particularly focuses on Article 11 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), which states that EU activities must integrate environmental protection requirements and emphasise the promotion of sustainable development. The book gives an overview of the role played by the environmental integration principle in EU law, both at the level of European legislation and at the level of Member State practice. Contributors to the volume identify and analyse the main legal issues related to the importance of Article 11 TFEU in various policy areas of EU law affecting European businesses, such as company law, insurance and state aid. In drawing together these strands the book sets out the requirements of environmental integration and examines its impact on the regulation of business in the EU. The book will be of great use and interest to students and researchers of business law, environment law, and EU law.

Tourism and Biodiversity

Author: Dr. Richard Tapper
Publisher: World Tourism Organization Publications
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the only inter-governmental organization that serves as a global forum for tourism policy and issues. Its Members include 161 countries and territories as well as over 400 Affiliate Members from the public and private sectors. UNWTO's mission is to promote and develop tourism as a significant means of fostering international peace and understanding, economic development and international trade.

kosystemdienstleistungen

Author: Karsten Grunewald
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3827429870
Format: PDF, Docs
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Die Natur liefert uns viele Leistungen gratis: So bildet sich Grundwasser neu, bleiben Böden fruchtbar, erzeugt die Photosynthese pflanzliche Biomasse. Wir Menschen ziehen aus diesen „Ökosystemdienstleistungen“ (kurz: ÖSD) vielfältigen Nutzen, sei es für die Ernährung, die Versorgung mit Wasser, für die Erholung oder den Schutz vor Naturgefahren. Große internationale Studien wie das Millennium Ecosystem Assessment haben sich eingehend mit den weltweit von Ökosystemen bereitgestellten Leistungen befasst und eindringlich auf die Folgen hingewiesen, die mit deren Verminderung oder Verlust einhergehen. Dieses hochaktuelle Thema wird von Wissenschaftlern ganz unterschiedlicher Disziplinen bearbeitet. Herangehensweisen, Begriffs- und Methodenverständnis sind entsprechend vielfältig. Was ist zum Beispiel mit Leistungsfähigkeit der Natur oder mit Naturkapital gemeint? Welche Werte der Natur sind besonders wichtig, wie sind sie verteilt und wie beurteilt bzw. vermittelt man sie? Können alle Ökosystemdienstleistungen einzeln und als Summe quantifiziert oder gar monetarisiert werden? Was ist zu tun, damit uns die vielfältigen Leistungen der Natur auch zukünftig zur Verfügung stehen? Das vorliegende Buch erläutert das vielschichtige Konzept der Ökosystemdienstleistungen, zeigt einen methodischen Rahmen zu ihrer Analyse und Bewertung auf und diskutiert Fallbeispiele, vor allem aus Deutschland. Angesprochen sind Wissenschaftler wie Praktiker aus dem behördlichen, ehrenamtlichen und freiberuflichen Bereich, vor allem im Umwelt- und Naturschutz sowie der Regional- und Flächennutzungsplanung, Fachleute aus der Wirtschaft, auf politischen Bühnen Tätige, Studierende sowie alle, die sich für ökologische, ökonomische, ethische und umweltpolitische Grundsatzfragen sowie Belange von Ökosystemen und Landschaften interessieren.

Guidance Manual on Value Transfer Methods for Ecosystem Services

Author: United Nations Publications
Publisher: UN
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"This manual provides guidance on how to estimate the economic value of ecosystem services using value transfer methods. It explains why you would undertake a study, who should be involved, how to implement the study and how to use the results. The development of this guidance manual was funded by the United Nations Environment Programme."--Back cover.