The Economics of the European Patent System

Author: Dominique Guellec
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 019929206X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Why does society allow, or even encourage, private appropriation of inventions? When do patents encourage competition, when do they hamper it? These questions and many more are addressed by two eminent scholars in this groundbreaking analysis of the economic foundations of the European patent system.

The Economics of the Patent System

Author: E. Kaufer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135645876
Format: PDF, Docs
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How effective are patents for stimulating economic activity? This volume provides an overview of existing national patent systems and suggests a revised system.

Economic Analyses of the European Patent System

Author: Stefan Wagner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783835090507
Format: PDF, ePub
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Stefan M. Wagner analyses problems associated with institutional changes (duration of patent examination and opposition mechanisms), the expansion of the patentable subject matter and organizational challenges for industrial patentees. The study is based on the empirical analysis of large scale datasets on European patents and employs advanced multivariate methods such as semi-parametric and panel-data regression methods.

Innovation and Its Discontents

Author: Adam B. Jaffe
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400837342
Format: PDF
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The United States patent system has become sand rather than lubricant in the wheels of American progress. Such is the premise behind this provocative and timely book by two of the nation's leading experts on patents and economic innovation. Innovation and Its Discontents tells the story of how recent changes in patenting--an institutional process that was created to nurture innovation--have wreaked havoc on innovators, businesses, and economic productivity. Jaffe and Lerner, who have spent the past two decades studying the patent system, show how legal changes initiated in the 1980s converted the system from a stimulator of innovation to a creator of litigation and uncertainty that threatens the innovation process itself. In one telling vignette, Jaffe and Lerner cite a patent litigation campaign brought by a a semi-conductor chip designer that claims control of an entire category of computer memory chips. The firm's claims are based on a modest 15-year old invention, whose scope and influenced were broadened by secretly manipulating an industry-wide cooperative standard-setting body. Such cases are largely the result of two changes in the patent climate, Jaffe and Lerner contend. First, new laws have made it easier for businesses and inventors to secure patents on products of all kinds, and second, the laws have tilted the table to favor patent holders, no matter how tenuous their claims. After analyzing the economic incentives created by the current policies, Jaffe and Lerner suggest a three-pronged solution for restoring the patent system: create incentives to motivate parties who have information about the novelty of a patent; provide multiple levels of patent review; and replace juries with judges and special masters to preside over certain aspects of infringement cases. Well-argued and engagingly written, Innovation and Its Discontents offers a fresh approach for enhancing both the nation's creativity and its economic growth.

The Future of the Patent System

Author: Ryo Shimanami
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1781000549
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In a rapidly changing world, the underlying philosophies, the rationale and the appropriateness of patent law have come under question. In this insightful collection, the authors undertake a careful examination of existing patent systems and their prospects for the future. Scholars and practitioners from Japan, the US, Europe, India, Brazil and China give detailed analyses of current and likely future problems with their respective systems, and outline possible responses to them. With detailed and extensive contributions, this book will greatly appeal to students, practitioners, policymakers and academics who are interested in the problems of current patent system in the world and their future.