The Environmental Management of Low Grade Fuels

Author: Mary MacDonald
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134051336
Format: PDF, ePub
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The negative environmental impacts of energy use, particularly soil and water pollution, continue to present serious policy dilemmas. The release of emissions and effluents and the build-up of solid waste throughout the fuel cycle have disruptive effects on natural habitats and human health. Further, fuel combustion can result in the emission of carbon dioxide, ozone, methane and nitrogen dioxide the 'greenhouse gases' which have been linked to climate change. The safe and sustainable use of energy has become an important issue in the wider environmental debate. In this report, researchers from the Stockholm Environment Institute explore the issues raised by the use of low-grade fuels such as peat, wood, biomass, lignite, oil shale and municipal and industrial wastes. The present strategies and policy options for all stages of the process, from mining and transport to processing and combustion. With those who would like to learn more about these fuels in mind, the material is presented clearly, and discussions of environmental protection measures are given in table form throughout the ease of reference. A directory of environmental guidelines, regulations and standards is given in an appendix. While a high calorific value fuels remain the most significant source of energy in many countries, economic and other constraints on the use of these fuels may result in more nations turning to low-grade sources of energy to operate their industrial or transportation sectors. The greater potential for environmental degradation that accompanies the use of low-grade fuels means that it is crucial that environmentally sound methods for their management, such as those presented here, be more widely available. The Environmental Management of Low-Grade Fuels will be valuable for industry specialists, policy makers, students and all who are concerned with the life cycle of these materials. Mary MacDonald is an affiliated scientist, and Michael Chadwick is a former director, at the Stockholm Environment Institute. Garegin Aslanian is a senior associate with the Institute for High Temperature Research in Moscow. Originally published in 1996

Urban Energy Transition

Author: Peter Droege
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080560465
Format: PDF, Docs
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This compendium of 29 chapters from 18 countries contains both fundamental and advanced insight into the inevitable shift from cities dominated by the fossil-fuel systems of the industrial age to a renewable-energy based urban development framework. The cross-disciplinary handbook covers a range of diverse yet relevant topics, including: carbon emissions policy and practice; the role of embodied energy; urban thermal performance planning; building efficiency services; energy poverty alleviation efforts; renewable community support networks; aspects of household level bio-fuel markets; urban renewable energy legislation, programs and incentives; innovations in individual transport systems; global urban mobility trends; implications of intelligent energy networks and distributed energy supply and storage; and the case for new regional monetary systems and lifestyles. Presented are practical and principled aspects of technology, economics, design, culture and society, presenting perspectives that are both local and international in scope and relevance.

Infrastructure and Methodologies for the Justification of Nuclear Power Programmes

Author: Agustin Alonso
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093770
Format: PDF, Docs
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The potential development of any nuclear power programme should include a rigorous justification process reviewing the substantial regulatory, economic and technical information necessary for implementation, given the long term commitments involved in any new nuclear power project. Infrastructure and methodologies for the justification of nuclear power programmes reviews the fundamental issues and approaches to nuclear power justification in countries considering nuclear new build or redevelopment. Part one covers the infrastructure requirements for any new nuclear power programme, with chapters detailing the role and responsibilities of government, regulatory bodies and nuclear operator and the need for human resources and technical capability at the national level. Part two focuses on issues relevant to the justification process, including nuclear safety, radiation protection and emergency planning. Current designs and advanced reactors and radioactive waste management are also considered, along with the economic, social and environmental impacts of nuclear power development. Part three reviews the development of nuclear power programme, from nuclear power plant site selection and licensing, through construction and operation, and on to decommissioning. Finally, a series of valuable appendices detail the UK experience of justification, nuclear safety culture and training, and the multinational design evaluation programme (MDEP). With its distinguished editor and expert team of contributors, Infrastructure and methodologies for the justification of nuclear power programmes is an essential reference for international and national stakeholders in this field, particularly governmental, non-governmental and regulatory bodies, nuclear power operators and consultants. Offers a comprehensive analysis of the infrastructure and methodologies required to justify the creation of nuclear power programmes in any country Provides coverage of the main issues and potential benefit linked to nuclear power Reviews the implementation of a nuclear power programme with particular reference to the requirements and methods involved in construction

Sustainability Matters Environmental Management In The Anthropocene

Author: Lye Irene Lin-heng
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813230630
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Sustainability Matters is a compilation of some of the best research papers submitted by students from the National University of Singapore's multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary graduate programme in environmental studies, as their MSc dissertations in Environmental Management [MEM]. This collection is for the period 2014/2015 to 2015/2016. Entitled Sustainability Matters: Environmental Management in the Anthropocene, this is the sixth volume in the series, and comprises 15 of the best research papers completed during this period. The papers have been edited for brevity. They analyse the many challenges to effective environmental management covering countries including China, Vietnam, Singapore, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, the EU, and USA. Issues examined include biodiversity conservation, environmental science, environmental governance and management, energy, and urban studies. The first compilation, Sustainability Matters: Environmental Management in Asia was published in 2010 and comprised the best papers from 2001/2002 to 2006/2007. The second, Sustainability Matters: Challenges and Opportunities in Environmental Management in Asia, was published in 2011, and comprised the best papers from 2007/2008 and 2008/2009. The third and fourth compilations, Sustainability Matters: Asia's Green Challenges, and Sustainability Matters: Asia's Energy Concerns, Green Policies and Environmental Advocacy, comprised the best papers from the periods 2009/2010 and 2011/2012 respectively. The fifth compilation, Sustainability Matters: Environmental and Climate Changes in the Asia-Pacific, was published in 2015 and comprised the best papers for the periods 2012/2013 and 2013/2014. The papers are edited by five staff members from different disciplines in the MEM programme: Lye Lin-Heng, Harvey Neo, Sekhar Kondepudi, Yew Wen-Shan, Judy Sng Gek-Khim. Contents: Biodiversity & Conservation: Coral Reef Restoration in Singapore — Past, Present and Future (Ng Chin-Soon Lionel & Chou Loke-Ming)Wildlife Trade in China and Vietnam: A Comparative Study of the Implementation of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) (Sallie Chia-Wei, Yang & Lye Lin-Heng)Environmental Science: Status and Trends of Phytoremediation in Singapore (Fam Mei-Ling & Sanjay Swarup)Managing the Risk of Non-indigenous Marine Species Transfer in Singapore Using a Study of Vessel Movement (Chin-Sing Lim, Yi-Lin Leong & Koh-Siang Tan)Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds (BVOCs) Emissions by Selected Street Trees in Singapore (Kho Yue-Min Veron & Tan Puay-Yok)Environmental Goverance & Management: Sustainability Reporting in Singapore (Loh Zhiyang & Audrey Chia)Air Quality Improvement and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Pakistan: An Integrated Approach (Kaleem Anwar Mir & Rajasekhar Balasubramanian)Self-Management in Environmental Management Philosophy (Zhang Yuzhe & Cecilia Lim)Evaluating EIA Follow-ups in China and Singapore (Deng Mao & Rick Reidinger)Larger Population for Singapore: A Utilities Perspective (Ang Chun-Wei Alan & Victor R Savage)Energy: Roles of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development in Industrial Plants (Tan Choon-Puay & Tong Yen-Wah)A Comparative Analysis of the Regulatory Framework Between the United States of America and the European Union on the Use of "Fracking" in Unconventional Hydrocarbons Development (Carmelita Leow & Namrata Chindarkar)Urban Studies: Sustainable Urbanism at Neighbourhood Level: Possibilities and Practice in Planned