The Essence and Value of Democracy

Author: Hans Kelsen
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442222123
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book fills the void between what is and isn't known about Hans Kelsen's political philosophy, and the ways that philosophy has and will continue to shape political debates inherent to democracy in the future. For the first time in English, this classic book - with an introduction by political theorist Nadia Urbinati - provides an overview of Kelsen's career and his contributions to 20th century political thought.

History and Repetition

Author: Kojin Karatani
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231528655
Format: PDF
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Kojin Karatani wrote the essays in History and Repetition during a time of radical historical change, triggered by the collapse of the Cold War and the death of the Showa emperor in 1989. Reading Karl Marx in an original way, Karatani developed a theory of history based on the repetitive cycle of crises attending the expansion and transformation of capital. His work led to a rigorous analysis of political, economic, and literary forms of representation that recast historical events as a series of repeated forms forged in the transitional moments of global capitalism. History and Repetition cemented Karatani's reputation as one of Japan's premier thinkers, capable of traversing the fields of philosophy, political economy, history, and literature in his work. The first complete translation of History and Repetition into English, undertaken with the cooperation of Karatani himself, this volume opens with his innovative reading of The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, tracing Marx's early theoretical formulation of the state. Karatani follows with a study of violent crises as they recur after major transitions of power, developing his theory of historical repetition and introducing a groundbreaking interpretation of fascism (in both Europe and Japan) as the spectral return of the absolutist monarch in the midst of a crisis of representative democracy. For Karatani, fascism represents the most violent materialization of the repetitive mechanism of history. Yet he also seeks out singularities that operate outside the brutal inevitability of historical repetition, whether represented in literature or, more precisely, in the process of literature's demise. Closely reading the works of Oe Kenzaburo, Mishima Yukio, Nakagami Kenji, and Murakami Haruki, Karatani compares the recurrent and universal with the singular and unrepeatable, while advancing a compelling theory of the decline of modern literature. Merging theoretical arguments with a concrete analysis of cultural and intellectual history, Karatani's essays encapsulate a brilliant, multidisciplinary perspective on world history.

Sustainable Communities in Europe

Author: William M. Lafferty
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 9781849776042
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A presentation of detailed comparative research into the implementation in 11 European countries of Local Agenda 21 - the action plan for sustainable development at community level. Overviews of implementation in each country are accompanied by analysis of positive and negative changes, as well as a comparative analysis with high academic and policy relevance. Numerous practical examples are included of best cases and crucial barriers.

No More Killing Fields

Author: David A. Hamburg
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742516755
Format: PDF, Docs
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Drawing on work conducted by the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, a study of the prevention of war and genocide examines such concepts as preventive diplomacy, the role of civil society, socioeconomic development, and international cooperation.

The Construction of Democracy

Author: Jorge I. Domínguez
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801885952
Format: PDF, Docs
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How should democracies balance the hopes and constraints of their societies with the architecture of their constitutions and institutions to secure freedom, promote citizenship, and foster prosperity? In The Construction of Democracy, leading scholars from seven different countries—and key decision makers from eight—come together to analyze the dimensions of democratic design and draw not only practical but feasible recommendations. Here citizens, politicians, and government officials offer valuable insight into the craft of politics with real examples of success and failures from some of the leading policy makers of our time—including the president of Portugal, former presidents of Brazil and Colombia, and a former prime minister of India. Drawing on the work of the Club of Madrid's Conference on Democratic Transition and Consolidation, the contributors discuss building and sustaining a contemporary democratic state, strengthening pluralism and public participation, designing effective constitutions, confronting economic challenges for new democracies, and controlling corruption. In a rare instance where the expertise of practical-minded scholars is melded with the experience of thoughtful policy makers, this volume offers much-needed insight to others seeking sensible and effective solutions. Contributors: Carlos Blanco, minister for the reform of the state, Venezuela; Fernando Henrique Cardoso, former president of Brazil; Aníbal Cavaco Silva, president of Portugal; Antônio Octávio Cintra, the Research Service of the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies; Rut Diamint, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires; Jorge I. Domínguez, Harvard University; Grzegorz Ekiert, Harvard University; César Gaviria, former president of Colombia; Anna Grzymala-Busse, University of Michigan; Inder Kumar Gujral, former prime minister of India; Anthony Jones, the Gorbachev Foundation of North America; Marcelo Barroso Lacombe, the Research Service of the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies; José Luis Méndez, El Colegio de México; Andrew Richards, Instituto Juan March of the Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Ciencias Sociales, Madrid; Susan Rose-Ackerman, Yale University; Richard Simeon, University of Toronto; Luc Turgeon, University of Toronto.

Demokratie und Erziehung

Author: John Dewey
Publisher: Beltz
ISBN: 9783407220578
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Ein Schlüsselwerk der internationalen Reformpädagogik. Systematisch begründet der amerikanische Philosoph und Pädagoge Erziehung und Demokratie als Formen "gemeinsamer und miteinander geteilter Erfahrung". Die Schule als Modell für Demokratie wird zur Grundlage des Lehrens und Lernens in modernen Gesellschaften. "Demokratie und Erziehung", 1916 erstmals erschienen, gilt als das Hauptwerk John Deweys und als Schlüsselwerk der internationalen Reformpädagogik. Dewey entwickelt eine moderne Pädagogik aus der Idee, "Erziehung" als demokratische Erfahrung zu begründen, wie andererseits "Demokratie" als Medium der Erziehungserfahrung zu verstehen. Erziehung ist nicht Funktion oder Instrument der Politik, sondern sie verwirklicht sich als Demokratie. Die Schule wird zur "Keimzelle" der demokratischen Gesellschaft. Deweys Forderung nach einer Schule, die sich nicht als Ort gesellschaftlicher Reproduktion, sondern als Ort gesellschaftlicher Transformation versteht, sein Verständnis von Schule als Modell für Demokratie ist auch in der heutigen Erziehungswissenschaft noch aktuell. Den zweiten Teil seines Werkes bestimmen sehr konkrete Ausführungen zur Methodik und Didaktik der Schule als Lernumwelt, in deren Mittelpunkt er den Begriff des "Erfahrungslernens" stellt. Diese Ausgabe schließt mit einer umfangreichen, aktualisierten Auswahlbibliografie.

Promoting Democracy Abroad

Author: Peter Burnell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351496328
Format: PDF, Docs
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Promoting democracy has grown from a small, little- known activity to a high-profile endeavor. It now involves academia, think tanks, and the popular media. The number of countries and organizations, inter-governmental, non-governmental, as well as governmental involved in supporting the spread of democracy is now legion. Countries touched by these efforts include a majority of all the world's states and some independent territories that are not yet fully sovereign. The definitional boundaries between promoting democracy and international advocacy and defense of human rights and "good governance" are not precise. Similarly, the concept of promoting democracy itself is not uniformly accepted. It has become a slogan that attracts both fervent support and grave condemnation. For Burnell, promoting democracy refers to a wide range of non-coercive attempts to spread democracy abroad for whatever reason. At its heart, it is political intervention in the domestic affairs of other countries that seeks to affect the distribution of power, whether by patient and non-violent involvement or more urgent action, democracy assistance projects form a core activity. Burnell holds that participation in the democracy assistance industry will continue to grow. However, the industry's progress up until now has in part been contingent on the progress of democratization itself. The slowdown that is currently happening in the advance of freedom and democracy around the world, and the strength shown by leading authoritarian or semi-authoritarian regimes, must raise questions about the outlook for democracy promotion. If democracy promotion and assistance are to be fit for the future, then the need for a broadly based, appropriately contextualized examination of the policy and the performance is greater now than at any time in the past.