The Ethics and Politics of Speech

Author: Pat J. Gehrke
Publisher: SIU Press
ISBN: 080938650X
Format: PDF, ePub
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In The Ethics and Politics of Speech, Pat J. Gehrke provides an accessible yet intensive history of the speech communication discipline during the twentieth century. Drawing on several previously unpublished or unexamined sources—including essays, conference proceedings, and archival documents—Gehrke traces the evolution of communication studies and the dilemmas that often have faced academics in this field. In his examination, Gehrke not only provides fresh perspectives on old models of thinking; he reveals new methods for approaching future studies of ethical and political communication. Gehrke begins his history with the first half of the twentieth century, discussing the development of a social psychology of speech and an ethics based on scientific principles, and showing the importance of democracy to teaching and scholarship at this time. He then investigates the shift toward philosophical—especially existential—ways of thinking about communication and ethics starting in the 1950s and continuing through the mid-1970s, a period associated with the rise of rhetoric in the discipline. In the chapters covering the last decades of the twentieth century, Gehrke demonstrates how the ethics and politics of communication were directed back onto the practices of scholarship within the discipline, examining the increased use of postmodern and poststructuralist theories, as well as the new trend toward writing original theory, rather than reinterpreting the past. In offering a thorough history of rhetoric studies, Gehrke sets the stage for new questions and arguments, ultimately emphasizing the deeply moral and political implications that by nature embed themselves in the field of communication. More than simply a history of the discipline's major developments, The Ethics and Politics of Speech is an account of the philosophical and moral struggles that have faced communication scholars throughout the last century. As Gehrke explores the themes and movements within rhetoric and speech studies of the past, he also provides a better understanding of the powerful forces behind the forging of the field. In doing so, he reveals history’s potential to act as a vehicle for further academic innovation in the future.

The Oxford Handbook of Virtue

Author: Nancy Snow
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019938519X
Format: PDF
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The late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries have seen a renaissance in the study of virtue -- a topic that has prevailed in philosophical work since the time of Aristotle. Several major developments have conspired to mark this new age. Foremost among them, some argue, is the birth of virtue ethics, an approach to ethics that focuses on virtue in place of consequentialism (the view that normative properties depend only on consequences) or deontology (the study of what we have a moral duty to do). The emergence of new virtue theories also marks this new wave of work on virtue. Put simply, these are theories about what virtue is, and they include Kantian and utilitarian virtue theories. Concurrently, virtue ethics is being applied to other fields where it hasn't been used before, including bioethics and education. In addition to these developments, the study of virtue in epistemological theories has become increasingly widespread to the point that it has spawned a subfield known as 'virtue epistemology.' This volume therefore provides a representative overview of philosophical work on virtue. It is divided into seven parts: conceptualizations of virtue, historical and religious accounts, contemporary virtue ethics and theories of virtue, central concepts and issues, critical examinations, applied virtue ethics, and virtue epistemology. Forty-two chapters by distinguished scholars offer insights and directions for further research. In addition to philosophy, authors also deal with virtues in non-western philosophical traditions, religion, and psychological perspectives on virtue.

A Century of Communication Studies

Author: Pat J. Gehrke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134062869
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume chronicles the development of communication studies as a discipline, providing a history of the field and identifying opportunities for future growth. Editors Pat J. Gehrke and William M. Keith have assembled an exceptional list of communication scholars who, in the thirteen chapters contained in this book, cover the breadth and depth of the field. Organized around themes and concepts that have enduring historical significance and wide appeal across numerous subfields of communication, A Century of Communication Studies bridges research and pedagogy, addressing themes that connect classroom practice and publication. Published in the 100th anniversary year of the National Communication Association, this collection highlights the evolution of communication studies and will serve future generations of scholars as a window into not only our past but also the field’s collective possibilities.

Twentieth century Roots of Rhetorical Studies

Author: Jim A. Kuypers
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275964207
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Kuypers, King, and their contributors explore the conception of rhetoric of eleven key American rhetoricians through analyses of their life's work. Each chapter uncovers the innate mode of perception that guided the rhetorical understanding of a particular critic. In so doing, this work dispels the myth that the discipline of Speech Communication was spawned from a monolithic and rigid center that came to be called neo-Aristotelianism.

Being Made Strange

Author: Bradford Vivian
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791460375
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Offers a revised understanding of human subjectivity that avoids the extremes of both traditional humanism and cultural relativism.“Acknowledging the importance of the ‘middle voice’ of rhetoric is a worthwhile endeavor. For this, Vivian’s goals are to be applauded.” — Rhetoric and Public Affairs

Hearing the Hurt

Author: Eric King Watts
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 081731766X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Examines how the Harlem Renaissance brought black culture to the fore in American language during the early 20th century, exploring especially how the meaning of the word "black" changed due to culture shifts.

Rhetorical Scope and Performance

Author: Merrill Whitburn
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9781567505146
Format: PDF, Kindle
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As we move into the 21st century, many needs are prompting broader approaches in governments, industries, and universities. Governments are increasingly forced to collaborate with other governments to address problems beyond the control of individual nations. Industries increasingly find it difficult to survive without pursuing global markets. And universities increasingly find themselves forced to move from departmental to interdisciplinary approaches to problems. These changes call for greater scope in goals, social structures, and methodologies. Technical communication is an example of a field deeply involved in all of these institutions and prompted toward greater scope in the engagement of problems. Rhetorical Scope and Performance: The Example of Technical Communication examines the history of the narrowness of goals, social structures, and methodologies associated with the field of technical communication in the second half of the 20th century. It traces some of the roots of this narrowness back to a philosophical tradition stemming from Plato, Aristotle, the religious philosophers, and the apologists for science. As an alternative to the narrowness of the philosophical tradition, this work traces a rhetorical tradition stemming from Isocrates, Cicero, Quintilian, and the Renaissance that promotes greater scope in the engagement of problems and provides a theoretical construct more appropriate for many of today's needs than the philosophical tradition. Using the history of technical communication as an example, this book shows how an Isocratean rhetoric can broaden and therefore improve our approaches to decision-making in the 21st century, prompting a revolution in modern society.

Rhetoric A Very Short Introduction

Author: Richard Toye
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019165373X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Rhetoric is often seen as a synonym for shallow, deceptive language, and therefore as something negative. But if we view rhetoric in more neutral terms, as the 'art of persuasion', it is clear that we are all forced to engage with it at some level, if only because we are constantly exposed to the rhetoric of others. In this Very Short Introduction, Richard Toye explores the purpose of rhetoric. Rather than presenting a defence of it, he considers it as the foundation-stone of civil society, and an essential part of any democratic process. Using wide-ranging examples from Ancient Greece, medieval Islamic preaching, and modern cinema, Toye considers why we should all have an appreciation of the art of rhetoric. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Speech Communication in the 20th Century

Author: Thomas W. Benson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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Prepared to celebrate the 75th anniver­sary of the Eastern Communication Association. Benson commissioned these original essays with the idea of defining the state of the art through addressing what is “worth knowing and asking about speech communication for the 1980s and 1990s.” Responding to that question are: Jane Blankenship, University of Massachu­setts; Arthur Bochner and Eric Eisenberg, Temple University; William Brown, Ohio State University; Herman Cohen, Pennsylvania State University; Richard Leo Enos, Carnegie-Mellon University; Gustav Friedrich, University of Okla­homa; Dennis Gouran, Indiana Univer­sity; Richard Gregg, Pennsylvania State University; Diane Hope, Rochester Insti­tute of Technology; Peter Kane, SUNY-­Brockport; Michael Leff, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Diane Mader, SUNY College; Thomas Mader, Hunter College; John Patton, Louisiana State University; Barnett Pearce, University of Massachusetts; Linda Putnam and George Cheney, Purdue University; William Rawlins, Pennsylvania State Uni­versity; Lawrence W. Rosenfield, Hunter College; Jill Taft-Kaufman, Central Michigan University; and Frederick Wil­liams, Annenberg School of Communi­cations-West.

Rhetorical Realism

Author: Scot Barnett
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317235371
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Rhetorical Realism responds to the surging interest in nonhumans across the humanities by exploring how realist commitments have historically accompanied understandings of rhetoric from antiquity to the present. For a discipline that often defines itself according to human speech and writing, the nonhuman turn poses a number of challenges and opportunities for rhetoric. To date, many of the responses to the nonhuman turn in rhetoric have sought to address rhetoric’s compatibility with new conceptions of materiality. In Rhetorical Realism, Scot Barnett extends this work by transforming it into a new historiographic methodology attuned to the presence and occlusion of things in rhetorical history. Through investigations of rhetoric’s place in Aristotelian metaphysics, the language invention movement of the seventeenth century, and postmodern conceptions of rhetoric as an epistemic art, Barnett’s study expands the scope of rhetorical inquiry by showing how realist ideas have worked to frame rhetoric’s scope and meanings during key moments in its history. Ultimately, Barnett argues that all versions of rhetoric depend upon some realist assumptions about the world. Rather than conceive of the nonhuman as a dramatic turning point in rhetorical theory, Rhetorical Realism encourages rhetorical theorists to turn another eye toward what rhetoricians have always done—defining and configuring rhetoric within a broader ontology of things.