The Ethics of Computer Games

Author: Miguel Sicart
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262261537
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Despite the emergence of computer games as a dominant cultural industry (and the accompanying emergence of computer games as the subject of scholarly research), we know little or nothing about the ethics of computer games. Considerations of the morality of computer games seldom go beyond intermittent portrayals of them in the mass media as training devices for teenage serial killers. In this first scholarly exploration of the subject, Miguel Sicart addresses broader issues about the ethics of games, the ethics of playing the games, and the ethical responsibilities of game designers. He argues that computer games are ethical objects, that computer game players are ethical agents, and that the ethics of computer games should be seen as a complex network of responsibilities and moral duties. Players should not be considered passive amoral creatures; they reflect, relate, and create with ethical minds. The games they play are ethical systems, with rules that create gameworlds with values at play. Drawing on concepts from philosophy and game studies, Sicart proposes a framework for analyzing the ethics of computer games as both designed objects and player experiences. After presenting his core theoretical arguments and offering a general theory for understanding computer game ethics, Sicart offers case studies examining single-player games (using Bioshock as an example), multiplayer games (illustrated by Defcon), and online gameworlds (illustrated by World of Warcraft) from an ethical perspective. He explores issues raised by unethical content in computer games and its possible effect on players and offers a synthesis of design theory and ethics that could be used as both analytical tool and inspiration in the creation of ethical gameplay.

Beyond Choices

Author: Miguel Sicart
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262019787
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Today's blockbuster video games -- and their never-ending sequels, sagas, and reboots -- provide plenty of excitement in high-resolution but for the most part fail to engage a player's moral imagination. In Beyond Choices, Miguel Sicart calls for a new generation of video and computer games that are ethically relevant by design. In the 1970s, mainstream films -- including The Godfather, Apocalypse Now, Raging Bull, and Taxi Driver -- filled theaters but also treated their audiences as thinking beings. Why can't mainstream video games have the same moral and aesthetic impact? Sicart argues that it is time for games to claim their place in the cultural landscape as vehicles for ethical reflection. Sicart looks at games in many manifestations: toys, analog games, computer and video games, interactive fictions, commercial entertainments, and independent releases. Drawing on philosophy, design theory, literary studies, aesthetics, and interviews with game developers, Sicart provides a systematic account of how games can be designed to challenge and enrich our moral lives. After discussing such topics as definition of ethical gameplay and the structure of the game as a designed object, Sicart offers a theory of the design of ethical game play. He also analyzes the ethical aspects of game play in a number of current games, including Spec Ops: The Line, Beautiful Escape: Dungeoneer, Fallout New Vegas, and Anna Anthropy's Dys4Ia. Games are designed to evoke specific emotions; games that engage players ethically, Sicart argues, enable us to explore and express our values through play.

Encyclopedia of Video Games A L

Author: Mark J. P. Wolf
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 031337936X
Format: PDF, Docs
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This encyclopedia collects and organizes theoretical and historical content on the topic of video games, covering the people, systems, technologies, and theoretical concepts as well as the games themselves. * More than 300 A–Z cross-referenced and integrated entries, from Atari to Zelda * Dozens of screenshots and photographs * A "Further Reading" bibliography section is included with many entries

Facebook and Philosophy

Author: D. E. Wittkower
Publisher: Open Court
ISBN: 0812697200
Format: PDF, ePub
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Facebook and Philosophy is an entertaining, multi-faceted exploration of what Facebook means for us and for our relationships. With discussions ranging from the nature of friendship and its relationship to "friending," to the (debatable) efficacy of "online activism," this book is the most extensive and systematic attempt to understand Facebook yet. And with plenty of new perspectives on Twitter and Web 2.0 along the way, this fun, thought-provoking book is a serious and significant contribution for anyone working with social media, whether in academia, journalism, public relations, activism, or business. Exploring far-reaching questions — Can our interactions on Facebook help us care about each other more? Does Facebook signal the death of privacy, or (perhaps worse yet) the death of our desire for privacy? — Facebook and Philosophy is vital reading for anyone involved in social networks today.

Videogames and Education

Author: Harry J. Brown
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 0765629496
Format: PDF
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Videogames challenge our notions of identity, creativity, and moral value, and provide a powerful new avenue for teaching and learning. This book is a rich and provocative guide to the role of interactive media in cultural learning. It searches for specific ways to interpret videogames in the context of human experience and in the field of humanities research. The author shows how videogames have become a powerful form of political, ethical, and religious discourse, and how they have already influenced the way we teach, learn, and create. He discusses the major trends in game design, the public controversies surrounding videogames, and the predominant critical positions in game criticism. The book speaks to all educators, scholars, and thinking persons who seek a fuller understanding of this significant and growing cultural phenomenon.

Die Implikation von Moral in Computerspielen am Beispiel von Mass Effect 3

Author: Nadine Keller
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668056269
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2014 im Fachbereich Medien / Kommunikation - Forschung und Studien, Note: 1,7, Universität Leipzig (Kommunikations- und Medienwissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Kommunikationsmedium Computerspiel, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Wenn noch vor wenigen Jahren die Frage nach der Moral in Computerspielen aufgeworfen wurde, dann häufig im öffentlichen Diskurs um das Wirkungspotential sogenannter „Killerspiele“. In der Medienberichterstattung hielt sich lange der Vorwurf, gewalthaltige Computerspiele wirken verrohend und resultieren in dem moralischen Verfall des Spielers. Heute beschäftigt sich die Wissenschaft aus einer anderen Perspektive mit Moral in digitalen Spielen. Diskutiert wird, ob und wie Computerspiele moralisch wertvoll sein können. Die Frage nach dem moralischen Gehalt digitaler Spiele spaltet die Wissenschaft in zwei Fraktionen. Die Narratologen betrachten Computerspiele aus erzähltheoretischer Perspektive. Fokussiert auf den Inhalt und die grafische Darstellung, halten sie die moralische Qualität von Computerspielen für gering. Die Ludologen hingegen betrachten das Computerspiel in erster Linie als Spiel an sich mit einem integrierten Regelwerk. Diese Sichtweise erlaubt die Annahme, digitale Spiele eignen sich zur Kultivierung moralischer Werte. Auf welche Art und Weise Moral in Computerspielen aus Sicht der Ludologen vermittelt werden kann, soll in dieser Arbeit untersucht werden. Entwicklerunternehmen versuchen sich an immer komplexeren Moralsystemen, die die im Spiel integrierten Entscheidungsprozesse des Spielers moralisch werten und ihm möglichst realistische Konsequenzen für sein Handeln aufzeigen sollen. Das Action-Rollenspiel „Mass Effect 3“ (BioWare, 2012) basiert auf einem solchen Moralsystem und soll im Folgenden als Analysegegenstand dienen. Die forschungsleitenden Fragen dieser Arbeit lauten: Inwiefern können sich Computerspiele dazu eignen Moral zu vermitteln? Welche Kriterien begünstigen moralische Implikationen im Spielverlauf? Welche Funktion erfüllt dabei ein Bewertungssystem auf Programmebene? Ausgangspunkt der Analyse ist die Debatte zwischen Narratologen und Ludologen hinsichtlich der Medialität und des moralischen Gehalts von Computerspielen. Auf der Grundlage spieltheoretischer Ansätze sollen anschließend relevante Kriterien, die die Vermittlung von Moral in digitalen Spielen begünstigen, spezifiziert werden. Am Beispiel von „Mass Effect 3“ werden diese Aspekte daraufhin analytisch überprüft.

The Philosophy of Computer Games

Author: John Richard Sageng
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400742495
Format: PDF, ePub
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Computer games have become a major cultural and economic force, and a subject of extensive academic interest. Up until now, however, computer games have received relatively little attention from philosophy. Seeking to remedy this, the present collection of newly written papers by philosophers and media researchers addresses a range of philosophical questions related to three issues of crucial importance for understanding the phenomenon of computer games: the nature of gameplay and player experience, the moral evaluability of player and avatar actions, and the reality status of the gaming environment. By doing so, the book aims to establish the philosophy of computer games as an important strand of computer games research, and as a separate field of philosophical inquiry. The book is required reading for anyone with an academic or professional interest in computer games, and will also be of value to readers curious about the philosophical issues raised by contemporary digital culture.

Play Matters

Author: Miguel Sicart
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262027925
Format: PDF
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What do we think about when we think about play? A pastime? Games? Childish activities? The opposite of work? Think again: If we are happy and well rested, we may approach even our daily tasks in a playful way, taking the attitude of play without the activity of play. So what, then, is play? In Play Matters, Miguel Sicart argues that to play is to be in the world; playing is a form of understanding what surrounds us and a way of engaging with others. Play goes beyond games; it is a mode of being human. We play games, but we also play with toys, on playgrounds, with technologies and design. Sicart proposes a theory of play that doesn't derive from a particular object or activity but is a portable tool for being--not tied to objects but brought by people to the complex interactions that form their daily lives. It is not separated from reality; it is part of it. It is pleasurable, but not necessarily fun. Play can be dangerous, addictive, and destructive. Along the way, Sicart considers playfulness, the capacity to use play outside the context of play; toys, the materialization of play--instruments but also play pals; playgrounds, play spaces that enable all kinds of play; beauty, the aesthetics of play through action; political play -- from Maradona's goal against England in the 1986 World Cup to the hactivist activities of Anonymous; the political, aesthetic, and moral activity of game design; and why play and computers get along so well.