The Ethics of Invention Technology and the Human Future

Author: Sheila Jasanoff
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393253856
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
We live in a world increasingly governed by technology—but to what end? Technology rules us as much as laws do. It shapes the legal, social, and ethical environments in which we act. Every time we cross a street, drive a car, or go to the doctor, we submit to the silent power of technology. Yet, much of the time, the influence of technology on our lives goes unchallenged by citizens and our elected representatives. In The Ethics of Invention, renowned scholar Sheila Jasanoff dissects the ways in which we delegate power to technological systems and asks how we might regain control. Our embrace of novel technological pathways, Jasanoff shows, leads to a complex interplay among technology, ethics, and human rights. Inventions like pesticides or GMOs can reduce hunger but can also cause unexpected harm to people and the environment. Often, as in the case of CFCs creating a hole in the ozone layer, it takes decades before we even realize that any damage has been done. Advances in biotechnology, from GMOs to gene editing, have given us tools to tinker with life itself, leading some to worry that human dignity and even human nature are under threat. But despite many reasons for caution, we continue to march heedlessly into ethically troubled waters. As Jasanoff ranges across these and other themes, she challenges the common assumption that technology is an apolitical and amoral force. Technology, she masterfully demonstrates, can warp the meaning of democracy and citizenship unless we carefully consider how to direct its power rather than let ourselves be shaped by it. The Ethics of Invention makes a bold argument for a future in which societies work together—in open, democratic dialogue—to debate not only the perils but even more the promises of technology.

Systems Cybernetics Control and Automation

Author: Spyros G. Tzafestas
Publisher: River Publishers
ISBN: 8793609078
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Systems, cybernetics, control, and automation (SCCA) are four interrelated and overlapping scientific and technological fields that have contributed substantially to the development, growth, and progress of human society. A large number of models, methods, and tools were developed that assure high efficiency of SCCA applied to practical situations. The real-life applications of SCCA encompass a wide range of man-made or biological systems, including transportations, power generation, chemical industry, robotics, manufacturing, cybernetics organisms (cyborgs), aviation, economic systems, enterprise, systems, medical/health systems, environmental applications, and so on. The SCCA fields exhibit strong influences on society and rise, during their use and application, many ethical concerns and dilemmas. This book provides a consolidated and concise overview of SCCA, in a single volume for the first time, focusing on ontological, epistemological, social impact, ethical, and general philosophical issues. It is appropriate for use in engineering courses as a convenient tutorial source providing fundamental conceptual and educational material on these issues, or for independent reading by students and scientists. Included in the book is: Background material on philosophy and systems theoryMajor ontological, epistemological, societal and ethical/philosophical aspects of the four fields that are considered in the bookOver 400 references and a list of 130 additional books in the relevant fields Over 100 colored photos and 70 line figures that illustrate the text

Society Ethics and Technology

Author: Morton Winston
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1285663454
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
From today's headlines to your textbook, SOCIETY, ETHICS, AND TECHNOLOGY, Fifth Edition, explores the cutting edge of technological innovation and how these advances represent profound moral dilemmas for society as a whole. You will build a strong foundation in theory and applied ethics as you are challenged to examine critically the social effects of technology in your daily life. This timely anthology, filled with cutting-edge work from prominent scholars and thinkers, focuses on current technological issues and ethical debates. Insightful introductions and focus questions before each piece help put readings in context and to establish frameworks for ethical decision-making. The readings examine the consequences of technological change from a variety of historical, social, and philosophical perspectives. Special coverage of the history of technology focuses on ground-breaking developments, as well as the technological underpinnings of contemporary globalization. New articles examine the impact of contemporary technological advances, such as nanotechnology, artificial intelligence, and social media. In addition, the book explores the future of technology in such areas as human rights, overpopulation, biotechnology, information technology, climate change, and the environment. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Author: William Gibson
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789607002501
Format: PDF
Download Now

The World of 2044

Author: Charles Sheffield
Publisher: Paragon House Publishers
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Predicting the future has always fascinated and interested humankind. This interest has not been limited to just knowing the future but with being able to influence the future in one way or another. Predicting or influencing the future of a physical system is, in principle, possible. Predicting the future of humanity in general, or of a social group in particular, is a much more difficult, almost impossible task. Social evolution is critically affected by ideological, political, religious, and military leaders, whose appearance and subsequent actions are impossible to predict. The "human factors" affecting the development of society are so unpredictable that a comprehensive forecast of the human future must be intrinsically flawed. At best, we can guess some possible scenarios. Beyond ideology, politics, and religion, one other human factor exerts an enormous influence on social evolution - "science and technology." The list of science and technology discoveries and inventions that have produced profound social changes includes fire, agriculture, metallurgy, gunpowder, the printing press, steam power and electricity. Yet none of these were the result of any desire to achieve social change. The last five decades have seen technological developments at an unprecedented scale; they are likely to exert an even more profound impact on the coming five decades. The technological forecasts in this book look specifically at developments in materials, energy, transportation, robotics, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, biotechnology, medical technology, new human habitats, and communications. What we make of technological advances is largely a result of political and moral values. The benefits of technology can be used by elites for their own gain, by tyrants to oppress, or can be shared by all. History has shown that human beings can use technology to create a heaven or a hell, a utopia or a dystopia. Noted science fiction writers Jerry Pournelle, Ben Bova, Charles Sheffield, Frederick Pohl, and Gregory Benford have written a range of scenarios ranging from optimistic to pessimistic. Several social scientists from different regions of the world have then written chapters that explain how their societies might achieve a more optimistic future and avoid a pessimistic one.

Society Ethics and Technology Update Edition

Author: Morton Winston
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1133170773
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
From the forefront of news today to your classroom, SOCIETY, ETHICS, AND TECHNOLOGY, 4e, UPDATE EDITION: Now with Technology and Ethics in the news and information on Engineering Ethics, SOCIETY, ETHICS, AND TECHNOLOGY stresses the latest technological innovations and how these advancements represent new ethical challenges and dilemmas for society as a whole. Winston/Edelbach's timely anthology closely examines technological change and its social consequences from a variety of historical, social, and philosophical perspectives. Your students gain a strong foundation in theoretical and applied ethical matters as they learn how to examine critically the social effects of technology surrounding their daily lives. In addition to highlighting ethical theory, readings assist students in establishing solid decision-making frameworks. Detailed coverage examines the impact of specific, recent technological advances, such as artificial intelligence and surveillance. Special coverage of the history of technology focuses on medieval and twentieth-century developments as well as the technological underpinnings of contemporary globalization. In addition to the history of technology, the book delves into what the future holds in areas such as human rights, information technology, biotechnology, energy, and the environment. Readings in this edition from prominent scholars and leaders focus on the most current issues and debates, while useful introductions and Focus Questions guide student comprehension. Additional readings, drawn from a variety of contemporary social issues, touch on numerous disciplines, from philosophy and sociology to engineering and computer science. This update edition now includes information on engineering ethics as well as summaries of recent news events with discussion and writing questions to help focus students' attention on the related ethical issues. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Megatech

Author: Daniel Franklin
Publisher: Profile Books
ISBN: 1782831665
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Technology moves fast - so where will it have taken us by 2050? How will it affect the way we live? And how far are we willing to let it go? In Megatech, distinguished scientists, industry leaders, star academics and acclaimed science-fiction writers join journalists from The Economist to explore answers to these questions and more. Twenty experts in the field, including Nobel prize-winner Frank Wilczek, Silicon Valley venture-capitalist Ann Winblad, philanthropist Melinda Gates and science-fiction author Alastair Reynolds identify the big ideas, fantastic inventions and potentially sinister trends that will shape our future. Join them to explore a brave new world of brain-computer interfaces, vat-grown cruelty-free meat, knitted cars and guided bullets. The writers predict the vast changes that technology will bring to everything from food production to health care, energy output, manufacturing and the military balance. They also consider the impact on jobs, and how we can prepare for the opportunities, as well as the dangers, that await. Thought-provoking, engaging and full of insight from the forefront of tech innovation, Megatech is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand tomorrow's world.

Invention Works

Author: Richard Crangle
Publisher: Cranstone Publishing House
ISBN: 9780966483550
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Crangle focuses on the positive and negative ways that technologies affect human actions, nature, and the future. (Legal Reference)