The EU the US and Global Climate Governance

Author: Christine Bakker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131703340X
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume presents a critical analysis of transatlantic relations in the field of environmental governance and climate change. The work focuses on understanding the possible trends in the evolution of global environmental governance and the prospects for breaking the current impasse on climate action. Drawing on research involving experts from eleven different universities and institutes, the authors provide innovative analyses on policy measures taken by the EU and the US, the world’s largest economic and commercial blocs, in a number of fields, ranging from general attitudes on environmental leadership with regard to climate change, to energy policies, new technologies for hydrocarbons extraction and carbon capture, as well as the effects of extreme weather events on climate-related political attitudes. The book examines the way in which the current attitudes of the EU and the US with regard to climate change will affect international cooperation and the building of consensus on possible climate policies, and looks to the future for international environmental governance, arguably one of the most pressing concerns of civilisation today. This book, which is based on research carried out in the context of the EU-financed FP7 research project TRANSWORLD, will appeal to academics, policy makers and practitioners seeking a deeper understanding of the challenges resulting from climate change.

Climate Change Law and Policy

Author: Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199553416
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Existing climate change governance regimes in the US and the EU contain complex mixtures of regulatory, market, voluntary, and research-based strategies. The EU has adopted an approach to climate change that is based on mandatory greenhouse gas emission reductions; it is grounded in 'hard' law measures and accompanied by 'soft' law measures at the regional and Member State level. In contrast, until recently, the US federal government has carefully avoided mandatory emission reduction obligations and focused instead on employing a variety of 'soft' measures to encourage - rather than mandate - greenhouse gas emission reductions in an economically sound, market-driven manner. These macro level differences are critical yet they mask equally important transatlantic policy convergences. The US and the EU are pivotal players in the development of the international climate change regime. How these two entities structure climate change laws and policies profoundly influences the shape and success of climate change laws and policies at multiple levels of governance. This book suggests that the overall structures and processes of climate change law and policy-making in the US and the EU are intricately linked to international policy-making and, thus, the long-term success of global efforts to address climate change. Accordingly, the book analyses the content and process of climate change law and policy-making in the US and the EU to reveal policy convergences and divergences, and to examine how these convergences and divergences impact the ability of the global community to structure a sustainable, effective and equitable long-term climate strategy.

Die Zukunft

Author: Al Gore
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 3641129222
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Al Gore, der ehemalige Vizepräsident der USA, Friedensnobelpreisträger und Bestsellerautor, wagt in seinem neuen Buch einen Blick in die Zukunft. Er identifiziert diejenigen Kräfte, die unser Leben in den kommenden Jahrzehnten am stärksten verändern werden, und zeichnet so ein beeindruckend detailliertes Bild der Welt von morgen. Denn, so Gore, nur wem es gelingt, die Chancen und Risiken der Zukunft zu erkennen, kann sie auch gestalten. Wir leben in einer Zeit umwälzender Veränderungen. Aus der Vielzahl der Kräfte, die unsere Welt formen, greift Al Gore diejenigen heraus, die unsere Zukunft am radikalsten prägen werden: Neben der weiter zunehmenden Globalisierung der Wirtschaft sind das die Verschiebung der geopolitischen Machtverhältnisse, eine fehlgeleitete, allein auf Wachstum ausgerichtete Wirtschaftspolitik, der nicht nachhaltige Umgang mit unserer Umwelt und unseren Ressourcen sowie die Revolutionen in der digitalen Kommunikation, in der Biotechnik, den Neurowissenschaften und der Gentechnik. Inwiefern wir diese Entwicklungen gewinnbringend nutzen können und ab wann sie für uns zum Risiko werden, das debattiert Gore in seinem neuen, umfassenden Bestseller über unsere Zukunft.

Research Handbook on Climate Governance

Author: Karin Bäckstrand
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1783470607
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The 2009 United Nations climate conference in Copenhagen is often represented as a watershed in global climate politics, when the diplomatic efforts to negotiate a successor agreement to the Kyoto Protocol failed and was replaced by a fragmented and decentralized climate governance order. In the post-Copenhagen landscape the top-down universal approach to climate governance has gradually given way to a more complex, hybrid and dispersed political landscape involving multiple actors, arenas and sites. The Handbook contains contributions from more than 50 internationally leading scholars and explores the latest trends and theoretical developments of the climate governance scholarship.

Reconfiguring Global Climate Governance in North America

Author: Marcela López-Vallejo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317070429
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Global climate governance has presented problems that have led to failures, yet it has also opened the door to new transregional governance schemes, especially in North America. This book introduces an environmental dimension into the concept of governance. Almost fifteen years after the climate global governance concept emerged, results worldwide have not been as favorable as expected. This book details previous discussions about the concept of global climate governance and its limits. It highlights how the Kyoto Protocol has a limited design taking into account a national approach to global, regional, and transnational problems, had no obligatory mechanisms for implementation and explains the emergence of new polluters not committed under it such as China and India. Furthermore this book explores other levels of authority such as regional institutions - the North American agreement on trade (NAFTA) and on environment (NAAEC), as well as the regional energy working group (NAEWG). The author puts forward a theoretical proposal for re-territorialization and coordination of policies for climate change into new forms of articulating interests in what she terms transnational green economic regions (TGERs) and tests this on two case studies - the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) and the Western Climate Initiative (WCI). This study presents the challenges and opportunities of a transregional approach in North America.

Reconfiguring Global Climate Governance in North America

Author: Professor Marcela López-Vallejo
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472410386
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Global climate governance has presented problems that have led to failures, yet it has also opened the door to new transregional governance schemes, especially in North America. This book introduces an environmental dimension into the concept of governance. Almost fifteen years after the climate global governance concept emerged, results worldwide have not been as favorable as expected. This book details previous discussions about the concept of global climate governance and its limits. It highlights how the Kyoto Protocol has a limited design taking into account a national approach to global, regional, and transnational problems, had no obligatory mechanisms for implementation and explains the emergence of new polluters not committed under it such as China and India. Furthermore this book explores other levels of authority such as regional institutions - the North American agreement on trade (NAFTA) and on environment (NAAEC), as well as the regional energy working group (NAEWG). The author puts forward a theoretical proposal for re-territorialization and coordination of policies for climate change into new forms of articulating interests in what she terms transnational green economic regions (TGERs) and tests this on two case studies - the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) and the Western Climate Initiative (WCI). This study presents the challenges and opportunities of a transregional approach in North America.

Die Amerikanische Deklaration der Rechte und Pflichten des Menschen

Author: Grace Nacimiento
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783540618911
Format: PDF, Docs
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Die Arbeit untersucht die Entwicklung der Amerikanischen Deklaration der Rechte und Pflichten des Menschen, die 1948 von der Organisation Amerikanischer Staaten verabschiedet wurde. In einer ersten Entwicklungsphase werden die Grundstrukturen eines Regelungssystems zum Schutz der Menschenrechte geschaffen. In einer zweiten Phase beginnt mit der Gründung der Interamerikanischen Kommission für Menschenrechte die Entwicklung eines Systems zur Kontrolle und Verwirklichung der in der Deklaration niedergelegten Rechte. Anhand einer Untersuchung und Auswertung der Praxis der Kommission von 1960 bis heute zeigt die Arbeit die Entwicklung der Deklaration als ursprünglich rechtlich nicht verbindliche Erklärung zu einer von den OAS-Staaten anerkannten Quelle völkerrechtlicher Pflichten.

Das Kyoto Protokoll

Author: Sebastian Oberthür
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663014347
Format: PDF
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Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.

Interpretive Approaches to Global Climate Governance

Author: Chris Methmann
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135924120
Format: PDF
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Global climate change is perceived to be one of the biggest challenges for international politics in the 21st century. This work seeks to fuse a global governance perspective together with different interpretive approaches, offering a novel way of looking at international climate politics. Equipped with a common interpretive tool-kit, the authors examine different issue-areas and excavate the contours of an overall pattern – the depoliticisation of climate governance. It is this concept which represents the overarching theme connecting the different contributions, addressing issues such as how the securitization of climate change conceals its socio-economic roots; how highly political decisions and value-judgements are couched in the terms of science; how the reframing of climate change as a matter of economic calculation and investment narrows the scope of political action; and how the prevailing concentration on technological solutions to climate change turns it into a mere administrative issue to be tackled by experts. Highlighting the depoliticisation of highly political issues provides a means to bring the political back into one of the most important issue areas of 21st century world politics. The editors have assembled a series of 14 interpretive inquiries into discourses of global climate governance which aim to flesh out an interpretive methodology, demonstrating the value it offers to those seeking to achieve a better understanding of global climate governance. This work will be of great interest to students and scholars of environmental politics, political theory and climate change.

The Gap Report of Global Climate Change Mitigation Finance and Governance After the United States Declared Its Withdrawal from the Paris Agreement

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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ABSTRACT: On 1 June 2017, the US President Donald Trump officially announced the withdrawal from the Paris Agreement, thus the study on the reasons of withdrawal, the potential impacts, and coping strategies has become a focus among policy circles and of the international community. Based on the self-developed US Policy Assessment Model, this paper systematically evaluates the three potential "major deficits" in terms of mitigation, climate finance, and global climate governance, as a result of the US withdrawal from the Paris Agreement and puts forward policy suggestions for coping with such transformations accordingly. The study shows that the United States 'withdrawal from the Paris Agreement will affect the existence and implementation of successive climate policies and result in an additional 8.8–13.4% increase in the global emissions reduction deficit. The United States' withdrawal will also deteriorate the existing climate finance mechanism. The Green Climate Fund (GCF)'s funding gap will increase by US$2 billion, while the gap of long-term climate finance will increase by about US$5 billion a year. Either the China–EU or the "BASIC plus" mechanism could fill the governance deficit caused by the United States and the lack of political momentum may continue for a while in the future.