The First Female Stars

Author: David W. Menefee
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275982591
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Examines 15 women who ventured into the early film business, becoming the focal point of that burgeoning industry, each important today for the role they played in the development of a new art.

Der US Film in der Weimarer Republik ein Medium der Amerikanisierung

Author: Ursula Saekel
Publisher: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh
ISBN: 3657771743
Format: PDF, Docs
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In der Weimarer Republik fand eine hitzige Diskussion um ein Medium statt, dem eine große Prägekraft zugesprochen wurde: den amerikanischen Film. Ein Agent des Amerikanismus und des Kapitalismus, über den die USA die Weltherrschaft erringen wollten, sei er, so die Vertreter des deutschen Kulturbetriebs. Was stand hinter dieser Furcht vor einem Unterhaltungsmedium? Wurde der US-Film tatsächlich benutzt, um die Deutschen zu amerikanisieren? Welche Ziele verfolgten die US-Behörden? Die zeitgenössische Debatte um den Film zeigt die Reaktionen auf ein junges kulturelles Medium, das eine globale Wirksamkeit entfaltete und dabei gleichzeitig Gegenstand handfester wirtschaftlicher Interessen war.

Screen Ages

Author: John Alberti
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131765028X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Screen Ages is a valuable guide for students exploring the complex and vibrant history of US cinema and showing how this film culture has grown, changed and developed. Covering key periods from across American cinema history, John Alberti explores the social, technological and political forces that have shaped cinematic output and the varied impacts cinema of on US society. Each chapter has a series of illuminating key features, including: ‘Now Playing’, focusing on films as cinematic events, from The Birth of a Nation to Gone with the Wind to Titanic, to place the reader in the social context of those viewing the films for the first time ‘In Development’, exploring changing genres, from the melodrama to the contemporary super hero movies, ‘The Names Above and Below the Title’, portraying the impact and legacy of central figures, including Florence Lawrence, Orson Welles and Wes Anderson Case studies, analyzing key elements of films in more depth Glossary terms featured throughout the text, to aid non-specialist students and expand the readers understanding of changing screen cultures. Screen Ages illustrates how the history of US cinema has always been and continues to be one of multiple screens, audiences, venues, and markets. It is an essential text for all those wanting to understand of power of American cinema throughout history and the challenges for its future. The book is also supported by a companion website, featuring additional case studies, an interactive blog, a quiz bank for each chapter and an online chapter, ‘Screen Ages Today’ that will be updated to discuss the latest developments in American cinema.

An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Women in Early American Films

Author: Denise Lowe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317718968
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Examine women’s contributions to film—in front of the camera and behind it! An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Women in Early American Films: 1895-1930 is an A-to-Z reference guide (illustrated with over 150 hard-to-find photographs!) that dispels the myth that men dominated the film industry during its formative years. Denise Lowe, author of Women and American Television: An Encyclopedia, presents a rich collection that profiles many of the women who were crucial to the development of cinema as an industry—and as an art form. Whether working behind the scenes as producers or publicists, behind the cameras as writers, directors, or editors, or in front of the lens as flappers, vamps, or serial queens, hundreds of women made profound and lasting contributions to the evolution of the motion picture production. An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Women in Early American Films: 1895-1930 gives you immediate access to the histories of many of the women who pioneered the early days of cinema—on screen and off. The book chronicles the well-known figures of the era, such as Alice Guy, Mary Pickford, and Francis Marion but gives equal billing to those who worked in anonymity as the industry moved from the silent era into the age of sound. Their individual stories of professional success and failure, artistic struggle and strife, and personal triumph and tragedy fill in the plot points missing from the complete saga of Hollywood’s beginnings. Pioneers of the motion picture business found in An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Women in Early American Films include: Dorothy Arnzer, the first woman to join the Directors Guild of America and the only female director to make a successful transition from silent films to sound Jane Murfin, playwright and screenwriter who became supervisor of motion pictures at RKO Studios Gene Gauntier, the actress and scenarist whose adaptation of Ben Hur for the Kalem Film Company led to a landmark copyright infringement case Theda Bara, whose on-screen popularity virtually built Fox Studios before typecasting and overexposure destroyed her career Madame Sul-Te-Wan, née Nellie Conley, the first African-American actor or actress to sign a film contract and be a featured performer Dorothy Davenport, who parlayed the publicity surrounding her actor-husband’s drug-related death into a career as a producer of social reform melodramas Lois Weber, a street-corner evangelist who became one of the best-known and highest-paid directors in Hollywood Lina Basquette, the “Screen Tragedy Girl” who married and divorced studio mogul Sam Warner, led The Hollywood Aristocrats Orchestra, claimed to have been a spy for the American Office of Strategic Services during World War II, and became a renowned dog expert in her later years and many more! An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Women in Early American Films: 1895-1930 also includes comprehensive appendices of the WAMPAS Baby Stars, the silent stars remembered in the Graumann Chinese Theater Forecourt of the Stars and those immortalized on the Hollywood Walk of Stars. The book is invaluable as a resource for researchers, librarians, academics working in film, popular culture, and women’s history, and to anyone interested either professionally or casually in the early days of Hollywood and the motion picture industry.

Women Filmmakers in Early Hollywood

Author: Karen Ward Mahar
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801890845
Format: PDF, ePub
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Women Filmmakers in Early Hollywood explores when, how, and why women were accepted as filmmakers in the 1910s and why, by the 1920s, those opportunities had disappeared. In looking at the early film industry as an industry—a place of work—Mahar not only unravels the mystery of the disappearing female filmmaker but untangles the complicated relationship among gender, work culture, and business within modern industrial organizations. In the early 1910s, the film industry followed a theatrical model, fostering an egalitarian work culture in which everyone—male and female—helped behind the scenes in a variety of jobs. In this culture women thrived in powerful, creative roles, especially as writers, directors, and producers. By the end of that decade, however, mushrooming star salaries and skyrocketing movie budgets prompted the creation of the studio system. As the movie industry remade itself in the image of a modern American business, the masculinization of filmmaking took root. Mahar's study integrates feminist methodologies of examining the gendering of work with thorough historical scholarship of American industry and business culture. Tracing the transformation of the film industry into a legitimate "big business" of the 1920s, and explaining the fate of the female filmmaker during the silent era, Mahar demonstrates how industrial growth and change can unexpectedly open—and close—opportunities for women.

Cupboards of Curiosity

Author: Amelie Hastie
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822336877
Format: PDF
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Amelie Hastie rethinks female authorship within film history by expanding the historical archive to include dollhouses, scrapbooks, memoirs, cookbooks, and ephemera.

American culture in the 1920s

Author: Susan Currell
Publisher: Edinburgh Univ Pr
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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In the decade following the end of World War I, the United States rose to its current seat as the leading world superpower matched by an emerging cultural dominance that would come to characterize the second half of the twentieth century. American Culture in the 1920sis an engaging account of the major cultural and intellectual trends that were pivotal to the decade's characterization as "the jazz age." Avoiding superficial representations of the era as the "roaring twenties" plagued by a "lost generation," the volume provides a full portrait that includes chapters on literature, music and performance, film and radio, visual art and design, and the unprecedented rise of leisure and consumption.

Hollywood Lighting from the Silent Era to Film Noir

Author: Patrick Keating
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231520204
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Lighting performs essential functions in Hollywood films, enhancing the glamour, clarifying the action, and intensifying the mood. Examining every facet of this understated art form, from the glowing backlights of the silent period to the shaded alleys of film noir, Patrick Keating affirms the role of Hollywood lighting as a distinct, compositional force. Closely analyzing Girl Shy (1924), Anna Karenina (1935), Only Angels Have Wings (1939), and T-Men (1947), along with other brilliant classics, Keating describes the unique problems posed by these films and the innovative ways cinematographers handled the challenge. Once dismissed as crank-turning laborers, these early cinematographers became skillful professional artists by carefully balancing the competing demands of story, studio, and star. Enhanced by more than one hundred illustrations, this volume counters the notion that style took a backseat to storytelling in Hollywood film, proving that the lighting practices of the studio era were anything but neutral, uniform, and invisible. Cinematographers were masters of multifunctionality and negotiation, honing their craft to achieve not only realistic fantasy but also pictorial artistry.