The Future of Liberal Revolution

Author: Bruce Ackerman
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300158084
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Since 1989, the Cold War has ended, new nations have emerged in Eastern Europe, and revolutionary struggles to establish liberal ideals have been waged against repressive governments throughout the world. Will the promise of liberalism be realized? What can liberals do to make the most of their opportunities and construct enduring forms of political order? In this important and timely book, a leading political theorist discusses the possibility of liberal democracy in Western and Eastern Europe and offers practical suggestions for its realization. Bruce Ackerman begins by sketching the challenges faced a Western Europe free for the first time in half a century to determine its own fate without the constant intervention of the United States and the Soviet Union. Unless decisive steps are taken, this moment of promise can degenerate into a new cycle of nationalist power struggle. Revolutionary action is now required to build the foundations of a democratic federal Europe—a union strong enough to keep the peace and to combat the threat of local tyrannies. Ackerman next considers Eastern Europe and discusses fundamental problems overlooked in the rush to build market economies there. He points out that leading countries—including Poland, Hungary, and Russia—have yet to establish new constitutions, contenting themselves instead with hasty amendments to old Communist documents. This is a great mistake, says Ackerman, for there is an urgent need to constitutionalize liberal revolution, and the window of opportunity for doing this is far smaller than many people realize. Neither judicial efforts to punish collaborators with the old regimes and to redress wrongs done to their victims nor the judicial activism now sweeping Eastern Europe should take priority over the formulation of democratically legitimated constitutions. Ackerman concludes by considering the impact of 1989 on South Africa, Latin America, and the United States, exploring how decisive liberal action throughout the world can help to expand the range of functioning constitutional democracies and recover liberalism's lost revolutionary heritage. .

The Revolutions of 1989

Author: Vladimir Tismaneanu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113474000X
Format: PDF
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The Revolutions of 1989 is a collection of both classic and recent articles examining the causes and consequences of the collapse of communism in East and Central Europe, the most important event in recent world history. It includes discussion of: * the economic, political and social nature of revolutions * the role of dissidents and civil society in encouraging the breakdown of eastern * European communist regimes * comparisons with other revolutions * the extent of the collapse of Leninist regimes in East-Central Europe. European historians, scholars and students will wnat to make this an integral part of their studies.

Author: Bruce Ackerman
ISBN: 9787562048251
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Future of Liberal Democracy

Author: Robert Fatton Jr.
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1403981450
Format: PDF, ePub
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Top scholars and practitioners from a variety of ideological perspectives consider liberal democracy and the Jeffersonian legacy, both in relation to key issues in the practice and theory of rights (human rights, individual rights) and in relation to key themes in political thought such as citizenship and participation that remain at the forefront of our debates about public life today. The first section of this collection provides historical and theoretical perspectives on Jefferson's ideals and thought. The second section explores the key themes of sovereignty, citizenship, participation, and accountability. A concluding section analyzes the relevance and place of Jefferson's legacy and the fate of liberal democracy in today's world. Contributors offer varying perspectives on questions such as: Is what is good for America good for the rest of the world? What are the constraints that exist on the global spread of democracy, liberal or otherwise?

Die Verfassungsordnung der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Author: Werner Heun
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161520389
Format: PDF, ePub
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English summary: This work is not a conventional textbook of constitutional order, but rather a systematic account of the political order as it is based on the German Basic Law. The Basic Law, enacted in 1949, has become a model for constitutions in the entire world, and the author does a detailed study of its features in this work, that is the German version of an originally English book. German description: Das vorliegende Werk ist kein konventionelles Lehrbuch des Staatsrechts, sondern eine systematische Darstellung der durch das Grundgesetz konstituierten politischen Ordnung, die juristische Analyse mit ihrem politischen Kontext verbindet. Das 1949 erlassene Grundgesetz ist inzwischen zu einem Modell fur Verfassungen in der ganzen Welt geworden. Seine besonderen Merkmale sind erstens in der Garantie von funf grundlegenden Staatsstrukturprinzipien (Demokratie, Rechtsstaat, Sozialstaat, Republik und Bundesstaat) zu finden. Zweitens konstituiert das Grundgesetz einen Bundesstaat, der sich durch einen kooperativen und zugleich exekutiven Foderalismus mit einem hohen Grad an Unitarismus und Gleichheit der Gliedstaaten beschreiben lasst. Drittens besteht die durch das Gewaltenteilungsprinzip gepragte institutionelle Struktur in einem parlamentarischen Regierungssystem, das vom Bundeskanzler einerseits und den politischen Parteien andererseits dominiert wird. Der Bundestag ist viertens ein machtvolles Parlament, das im Bundesrat und den Landerministerprasidenten ein starkes Gegengewicht findet. Funftens nimmt das Bundesverfassungsgericht als letztverbindlicher Interpret der Verfassung und Schiedsrichter zwischen den Verfassungsorganen und dem Bund und den Landern eine bedeutsame politische Position ein. Auf dem Feld der Grundrechte hat das Bundesverfassungsgericht zudem eine weitreichende Konstitutionalisierung und Verrechtlichung des gesamten politischen Systems bewirkt und zugleich eine Liberalisierung der Gesellschaft durchgesetzt.

Transitional Justice

Author: Ruti G. Teitel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019988224X
Format: PDF
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At the century's end, societies all over the world are throwing off the yoke of authoritarian rule and beginning to build democracies. At any such time of radical change, the question arises: should a society punish its ancien regime or let bygones be bygones? Transitional Justice takes this question to a new level with an interdisciplinary approach that challenges the very terms of the contemporary debate. Ruti Teitel explores the recurring dilemma of how regimes should respond to evil rule, arguing against the prevailing view favoring punishment, yet contending that the law nevertheless plays a profound role in periods of radical change. Pursuing a comparative and historical approach, she presents a compelling analysis of constitutional, legislative, and administrative responses to injustice following political upheaval. She proposes a new normative conception of justice--one that is highly politicized--offering glimmerings of the rule of law that, in her view, have become symbols of liberal transition. Its challenge to the prevailing assumptions about transitional periods makes this timely and provocative book essential reading for policymakers and scholars of revolution and new democracies.

United States Supreme Court und Bundesverfassungsgericht

Author: Marcel Kau
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540728872
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Das deutsche Verfassungsrecht erkennt an, dass der U.S. Supreme Court Vorbild für die Errichtung des Bundesverfassungsgerichts war. Eine rechtsvergleichende und -historische Analyse zeigt aber, dass auch die Verfassung der USA das deutsche Verfassungs- und Verfassungsprozessrecht maßgeblich prägte. Gesichert ist, dass der U.S. Supreme Court das Bundesverfassungsgericht und seine zugrunde liegenden Rechtsvorschriften am stärksten beeinflusste.

Civil Rights and the Paradox of Liberal Democracy

Author: Bradley C. S. Watson
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739100387
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In Civil Rights and the Paradox of Liberal Democracy, Bradley Watson demonstrates the paradox of liberal democracy: that its cornerstone principles of equality and freedom are principles inherently directed toward undermining it. Modernity, beyond bringing definition to political equality, unleashed a whirlwind of individualism, which feeds the soul's basic impulse to rule without limitationincluding the limitation of consent. Here Watson begins his analysis of the foundations of liberalism, looking carefully and critically at the moral and political philosophies that justify modern civil rights litigation. He goes on to examine the judicial manifestations of the paradox of liberal democracy, seeking to bring a broad philosophical coherence to legal decision making in the United States and Canada. Finally, Watson illuminates the extent to which this decision making is in tension with liberal democracy, and outlines proposals for reform.