The Global Rise of Populism

Author: Benjamin Moffitt
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781503604216
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Once seen as a fringe phenomenon, populism is back. While some politicians and media outlets present it as dangerous to the U.S., Europe, and Latin America, others hail it as the fix for broken democracies. Not surprisingly, questions about populism abound. Does it really threaten democracy? Why the sudden rise in populism? And what are we talking about when we talk about "populism"? The Global Rise of Populism argues for the need to rethink this concept. While still based on the classic divide between "the people" and "the elite," populism's reliance on new media technologies, its shifting relationship to political representation, and its increasing ubiquity have seen it transform in nuanced ways that demand explaining. Benjamin Moffitt contends that populism is not one entity, but a political style that is performed, embodied, and enacted across different political and cultural contexts. This new understanding makes sense of populism in a time when media pervades political life, a sense of crisis prevails, and populism has gone truly global.

The Rise of Duterte

Author: Richard Javad Heydarian
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811059187
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book draws on the extensive literature on populism, democracy, and emerging markets as well as interviews with senior government officials, experts, and journalists in the Philippines and beyond, This book is the first to analyze the significance and implications of the rise of Filipino president Rodrigo Duterte within a rapidly-changing Asia Pacific region. As China's power in the Pacific grows rapidly, nations that have traditionally been US allies, such as the Phillipines, are experiencing political convulsions; Duterte's open willingness to realign towards China (at the expense of America) in exchange for infrastructure investment is one of the clearest indicators of what China's rise might look like for nations around the world. Timely, precise, accessible and fast-paced, this book will be of value to scholars, journalists, policy-makers, and China watchers.

The Oxford Handbook of Populism

Author: Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198803567
Format: PDF
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Populist forces are becoming increasingly relevant across the world, and studies on populism have entered the mainstream of the political science discipline. However, so far no book has synthesized the ongoing debate on how to study the populist phenomenon. This handbook provides state of the art research and scholarship on populism, and lays out, not only the cumulated knowledge on populism, but also the ongoing discussions and research gaps on this topic. The Oxford Handbook of Populism is divided into four sections. The first presents the main conceptual approaches on populism and points out how the phenomenon in question can be empirically analyzed. The second focuses on populist forces across the world and includes chapters on Africa, Australia and New Zealand, Central and Eastern Europe, East Asia, India, Latin America, the Post-Soviet States, the United States, and Western Europe. The third reflects on the interaction between populism and various relevant issues both from a scholarly and political point of view. Amongst other issues, chapters analyze the relationship between populism and fascism, foreign policy, gender, nationalism, political parties, religion, social movements and technocracy. Finally, the fourth part includes some of the most recent normative debates on populism, including chapters on populism and cosmopolitanism, constitutionalism, hegemony, the history of popular sovereignty, the idea of the people, and socialism. The handbook features contributions from leading experts in the field, and is indispensible, positioning the study of populism in political science.

Populism and Patronage

Author: Paul D. Kenny
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192535110
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Populist rule is bad for democracy, yet in country after country, populists are being voted into office. Populism and Patronage shows that the populists such as Indira Gandhi and Narendra Modi win elections when the institutionalized ties between non-populist parties and voters decay. Yet, the explanations for this decay differ across different types of party system. Populism and Patronage focuses on the particular vulnerability of patronage-based party systems to populism. Patronage-based systems are ones in which parties depend on the distribution of patronage through a network of brokers to mobilize voters. Drawing on principal agent theory and social network theory, this book argues that an increase in broker autonomy weakens the ties between patronage parties and voters, making latter available for direct mobilization by populists. Decentralization is thus a major factor behind populist success in patronage democracies. The volume argues that populists exploit the breakdown in national patronage networks by connecting directly with the people through the media and mass rallies, avoiding or minimizing the use of deeply-institutionalized party structures.This book not only reinterprets the recurrent appeal of populism in India, but also offers a more general theory of populist electoral support that is tested using qualitative and quantitative data on cases from across Asia and around the world, including Indonesia, Japan, Venezuela, and Peru.

Populism

Author: Manuel Anselmi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351975935
Format: PDF
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Populism: An Introduction is the first introduction to the theme of populism. It will introduce the principal theories, definitions, models and contemporary debates. A number of global case studies will be used to illustrate the concept: • Russian populism; • Latin American populism; • Italian populism; • Peronism; • Media populism; • Penal populism; • Constitutional populism. Populism will reflect on the sociology of democratic processes and investigate the evolution of political consensus in contemporary political systems. This book will appeal to academics and postgraduate students working in the field of sociology, political sociology and politics.

The Mediated Politics of Europe

Author: Mats Ekström
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319566296
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This edited collection makes a unique contribution to analyses of the changing nature and challenges of mediated political communication, through a distinctive comparative discourse analytical approach. The book explores how politics is performed and discursively constructed in television news and current affairs in five countries (France, Greece, Italy, Sweden and the UK) and focuses on a moment in time in European politics characterized by challenging tensions; increased Euroscepticism, questioning of mainstream politics; accentuated gaps between the elite and the citizens, and polarizations between member states. Emphasising the performative and discursive dimensions of political communication, the chapters provide a detailed comparative analysis that is centred around three themes: how symbolic representations of politics are shaped by journalistic practices, genres and styles of news reporting; the language and performances of mainstream and populist political leaders; and the participation and representation of citizens’ voices.

Author: Ian Kershaw
Publisher: Patakis
ISBN: 9601645632
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Μια βαθιά διορατική κοινωνική ιστορία της ανόδου του Χίτλερ στην εξουσία και των στάσεων που τήρησε ο γερμανικός λαός κατά τη διάρκεια της περιόδου του Τρίτου Ράιχ.Βασισμένο σε τρεις και πλέον δεκαετίες εξαντλητικής ιστοριογραφικής έρευνας γύρω από τη ναζιστική Γερμανία, το βιβλίο του Kershaw συνθέτει για πρώτη φορά τις σημαντικότερες και πιο σημαίνουσες πτυχές της έρευνας του διαπρεπούς Βρετανού ιστορικού για το Ολοκαύτωμα. Τα κεφάλαια είναι δομημένα σε τρεις ενότητες –ο Χίτλερ και η Τελική Λύση, η κοινή γνώμη και οι Εβραίοι στη ναζιστική Γερμανία, και η Τελική Λύση στην ιστοριογραφία– ενώ ο συγγραφέας προσφέρει επίσης μια εισαγωγή, και έναν επίλογο για τη μοναδικότητα του ναζισμού. Ο ιστορικός Ian Kershaw είναι θεμελιωτής της κοινωνικής ιστορίας του Τρίτου Ράιχ και σε όλη τη διάρκεια της καριέρας του διεξήγε πρωτοποριακές έρευνες για τα κοινωνικά αίτια και τις επιπτώσεις της ναζιστικής πολιτικής. Με το έργο του έχει φέρει στο φως αμέτρητα στοιχεία ως προς τους τρόπους με τους οποίους οι διάφορες στάσεις που υιοθέτησε ο γερμανικός λαός διαμόρφωσαν ή δε διαμόρφωσαν τη ναζιστική πολιτική. Ο παρών τόμος προσφέρει μια σφαιρική, πολυεπίπεδη εικόνα τόσο της ολέθριας δυναμικής της ναζιστικής ηγεσίας όσο και της στάσης και συμπεριφοράς απλών Γερμανών ενόσω ο διωγμός των Εβραίων κλιμακωνόταν για να πάρει τη μορφή ολοσχερούς γενοκτονίας.

The SAGE Handbook of Political Sociology 2v

Author: William Outhwaite
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1526416484
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The SAGE Handbook of Political Sociology offers a comprehensive and contemporary look at this evolving field of study. The focus is on political life itself and the chapters, written by a highly-respected and international team of authors, cover the core themes which need to be understood in order to study political life from a sociological perspective, or simply to understand the political world. The two volumes are structured around five key areas: PART 1: TRADITIONS AND PERSPECTIVES PART 2: CORE CONCEPTS PART 03: POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES AND MOVEMENTS PART 04: TOPICS PART 05: WORLD REGIONS This future-oriented and cross-disciplinary handbook is a landmark text for students and scholars interested in the social investigation of politics.

Ordinary People and the Media

Author: Graeme Turner
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1849204381
Format: PDF
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The 'demotic turn' is a term coined by Graeme Turner to describe the increasing visibility of the 'ordinary person' in the media today. In this dynamic and insightful book he explores the 'whys' and 'hows' of the 'everyday' individual's willingness to turn themselves into media content through: · Celebrity culture, · Reality TV, · DIY websites, · Talk radio, · User-generated materials online. Initially proposed in order to analyse the pervasiveness of celebrity culture, this book further develops the idea of the demotic turn as a means of examining the common elements in a range of 'hot spots' in debates within media and cultural studies today. Refuting the proposition that the demotic turn necessarily carries with it a democratising politics, this book examines the political and cultural function of the demotic turn in media production and consumption across the fields of reality TV, print and electronic news and current affairs journalism, citizen and online journalism, talk radio, and user-generated content online. It examines these fields in order to outline a structural shift in what the western media has been doing lately, and to suggest that these media activities represent something much more fundamental than contemporary media fashion.