The Grand Titration

Author: Joseph Needham
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136574484
Format: PDF, Kindle
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First published in 1969. The historical civilization of China is, with the Indian and European-Semitic, one of the three greatest in the world, yet only relatively recently has any enquiry been begun into its achievements in science and technology. Between the first and fifteenth centuries the Chinese were generally far in advance of Europe and it was not until the scientific revolution of the Renaissance that Europe drew ahead. Throughout those fifteen centuries, and ever since, the West has been profoundly affected by the discoveries and invention emanating from China and East Asia. In this series of essays and lectures, Joseph Needham explores the mystery of China's early lead and Europe's later overtaking.

Die zweite Erschaffung der Welt

Author: Floris Cohen
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593409968
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Schon Aristoteles und Ptolemaios, aber auch arabische Gelehrte des Mittelalters wussten erstaunlich viel über die Zusammenhänge in der Natur, über Mathematik, Astronomie und Physik. Doch erst Descartes und Tycho Brahe, Kepler, Galilei und Newton gelang es, durch eine wissenschaftliche Revolution die Welt neu zu erschaffen. Spannend und für jeden verständlich erzählt Floris Cohen die Geschichte von der Entstehung der modernen Naturwissenschaft. Im Vergleich mit den antiken und mittelalterlichen Vorläufern erklärt er, was die Gelehrten des 17. Jahrhunderts anders machten: Sie entwickelten nicht nur Theorien, sie probierten diese auch aus, stützten ihre Beobachtungen durch Experimente und nutzten die Mathematik bei der Formulierung von Gesetzen. So schildert Cohen jene Entwicklungen, welche die industrielle Revolution in Europa erst ermöglichten. Ein Buch für alle, die neugierig sind auf eine ferne, fremde Welt, in der die Grundlagen für unser heutiges Leben geschaffen wurden.

Critical Mass

Author: Chris Carlsson
Publisher: AK Press
ISBN: 9781902593593
Format: PDF
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Documenting 10 years of fun, radical, spontaneous bicycle demonstrations that challenge the autocentric world.

The Scientific Revolution Revisited

Author: Mikuláš Teich
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
ISBN: 1783741228
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Scientific Revolution Revisited brings Mikuláš Teich back to the great movement of thought and action that transformed European science and society in the seventeenth century. Drawing on a lifetime of scholarly experience in six penetrating chapters, Teich examines the ways of investigating and understanding nature that matured during the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance, charting their progress towards science as we now know it and insisting on the essential interpenetration of such inquiry with its changing social environment. The Scientific Revolution was marked by the global expansion of trade by European powers and by interstate rivalries for a stake in the developing world market, in which advanced medieval China, remarkably, did not participate. It is in the wake of these happenings, in Teich's original retelling, that the Thirty Years War and the Scientific Revolution emerge as products of and factors in an uneven transition in European and world history: from natural philosophy to modern science, feudalism to capitalism, the late medieval to the early modern period. ??With a narrative that moves from pre-classical thought to the European institutionalisation of science – and a scope that embraces figures both lionised and neglected, such as Nicole Oresme, Francis Bacon, Thomas Hobbes, Isaac Newton, René Descartes, Thaddeus Hagecius, Johann Joachim Becher – The Scientific Revolution Revisited illuminates the social and intellectual sea changes that shaped the modern world.

Music Society Education

Author: Christopher Small
Publisher: Wesleyan University Press
ISBN: 9780819572233
Format: PDF, ePub
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Cited by Soundpost as "remarkable and revolutionary" upon its publication in 1977, Music, Society, Education has become a classic in the study of music as a social force. Christopher Small sets out to examine the social implications of Western classical music, effects that until recently have been largely ignored or dismissed by most musicologists. He strives to view the Western musical tradition "through the mirror of these other musics [Balinese and African] as it were from the outside, and in so doing to learn something of the inner unspoken nature of Western culture as a whole." As series co-editor Robert Walser writes, "By pointing to the complicity of Western culture with Western imperialism, Small challenges us to create a future that is more humane than the past. And by writing a book that enables us to rethink so fundamentally our involvements with music, he teaches us how we might get there."

The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science

Author: Marilyn Ogilvie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135963436
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Edited by two of the most respected scholars in the field, this milestone reference combines "facts-fronted" fast access to biographical details with highly readable accounts and analyses of nearly 3000 scientists' lives, works, and accomplishments. For all academic and public libraries' science and women's studies collections.

The Scientific Revolution

Author: H. F. Cohen
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226112800
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In this first book-length historiographical study of the Scientific Revolution, H. Floris Cohen examines the body of work on the intellectual, social, and cultural origins of early modern science. Cohen critically surveys a wide range of scholarship since the nineteenth century, offering new perspectives on how the Scientific Revolution changed forever the way we understand the natural world and our place in it. Cohen's discussions range from scholarly interpretations of Galileo, Kepler, and Newton, to the question of why the Scientific Revolution took place in seventeenth-century Western Europe, rather than in ancient Greece, China, or the Islamic world. Cohen contends that the emergence of early modern science was essential to the rise of the modern world, in the way it fostered advances in technology. A valuable entrée to the literature on the Scientific Revolution, this book assesses both a controversial body of scholarship, and contributes to understanding how modern science came into the world.

Bomb Book and Compass

Author: Simon Winchester
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141889896
Format: PDF, Docs
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Before fate intervened, Joseph Needham was a distinguished biochemist at Cambridge University, married to a fellow scientist. In 1937 he was asked to supervise a young Chinese student named Lu Gwei-Djen, and in that moment began the two greatest love affairs of his life - Miss Lu, and China. Miss Lu inspired Needham to travel to China where he initially spent three dangerous years as a wartime diplomat. He established himself as the pre-eminent China scholar of all time, firm in his belief that China would one day achieve world prominence. By the end of his life, Needham had become a truly global figure, travelling endlessly and honoured by all - though banned from America because of his politics. And in 1989, after a fifty-two year affair, he finally married the woman who had first inspired his passion. The Magnificent Barbarian is Simon Winchester at his best - at once a magnificent portrait of one man's remarkable life and a riveting exploration of the country that so engaged him.