The Health Care Revolution

Author: Carl F. Ameringer
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520254805
Format: PDF, ePub
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Along the way, he explores questions about the acquisition, control, and loss of political and economic power in a book that provides an essential perspective on the politics and law behind health policy in the United States."--BOOK JACKET.

Guide to U S Health and Health Care Policy

Author: Thomas R. Oliver
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 1483370453
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Guide to U.S. Health and Health Care Policy provides the analytical connections showing students how issues and actions are translated into public policies and institutions for resolving or managing health care issues and crises, such as the recent attempt to reform the national health care system. The Guide highlights the decision-making cycle that requires the cooperation of government, business, and an informed citizenry in order to achieve a comprehensive approach to advancing the nation’s health care policies. Through 30 topical, operational, and relational essays, the book addresses the development of the U.S. health care system and policies, the federal agencies and public and private organizations that frame and administer those policies, and the challenges of balancing the nation’s health care needs with the rising costs of medical research, cost-effective treatment, and adequate health insurance. Key Features: The 30 topical essays investigate the fundamental political, social, economic, and procedural initiatives that drive health and health care policy decisions affecting Americans at the local, regional, and national levels Essential themes traced throughout the chapters include providing access to health care, national and international intervention, nutrition and health, human and financial resource allocation, freedom of religion versus public policy, discrimination and health care policy, universal health care coverage, private health care versus publicly funded health care, and the immediate and long-term costs associated with disease prevention, treatment, and health maintenance A Glossary of Key Health Care Policy Terms and Events, a selected Master Bibliography, and a thorough Index are included. This must-have reference for political science and public policy students who seek to understand the issues affecting health care policy in the U.S. is suitable for academic, public, high school, government, and professional libraries.

Health Care in America

Author: John C. Burnham
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421416093
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In Health Care in America, historian John C. Burnham describes changes over four centuries of medicine and public health in America. Beginning with seventeenth-century concerns over personal and neighborhood illnesses, Burnham concludes with the arrival of a new epoch in American medicine and health care at the turn of the twenty-first century. From the 1600s through the 1990s, Americans turned to a variety of healers, practices, and institutions in their efforts to prevent and survive epidemics of smallpox, yellow fever, cholera, influenza, polio, and AIDS. Health care workers in all periods attended births and deaths and cared for people who had injuries, disabilities, and chronic diseases. Drawing on primary sources, classic scholarship, and a vast body of recent literature in the history of medicine and public health, Burnham finds that traditional healing, care, and medicine dominated the United States until the late nineteenth century, when antiseptic/aseptic surgery and germ theory initiated an intellectual, social, and technical transformation. He divides the age of modern medicine into several eras: physiological medicine (1910s–1930s), antibiotics (1930s–1950s), technology (1950s–1960s), environmental medicine (1970s–1980s), and, beginning around 1990, genetic medicine. The cumulating developments in each era led to today’s radically altered doctor-patient relationship and the insistent questions that swirl around the financial cost of health care. Burnham’s sweeping narrative makes sense of medical practice, medical research, and human frailties and foibles, opening the door to a new understanding of our current concerns. -- Gerald N. Grob, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, author of Aging Bones: A Short History of Osteoporosis

Twentieth century ethics of human subjects research

Author: Volker Roelcke
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
ISBN: 9783515084550
Format: PDF, ePub
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Debates on the ethics of human subjects research meet with an increasing interest both within the medical profession and the broader public. Frequently, historical arguments are used to propagate or attack certain positions within these debates. However, there is a tendency to oversimplify the complexities of the past for present day purposes, and at the same time a lack of awareness of the historical dimension implicit in today's value preferences. Twentieth Century Ethics of Human Subjects Research brings together leading historians of medicine to reconstruct and analyse the history of actual experimental practices, the debates on human subjects research, and the attempts to regulate such research during the twentieth century. The volume addresses cases of medical research in France, Britain, Israel, the United States, and Germany, including the Nazi period; the major developments of ethical debates in these and further national contexts, such as the Soviet Union, the Czech Republic, and Japan. It also explores religious views (Catholic, Jewish) on human experimentation, and the origins and contexts of international codes and declarations. "Volker Roelckes Ã_berblick ueber die Geschichte der Menschenversuche im Dritten Reich sei jedem empfohlen, der sich kurz und prägnant ueber dieses duestere Kapitel deutscher Geschichte informieren möchte." FAZ.

Die Architektur der M rkte

Author: Neil Fligstein
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531159645
Format: PDF, ePub
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Die Architektur der Märkte fasst grundlegende Schriften Neil Fligsteins aus verschiedenen Arbeitsphasen zusammen, in denen er eine wirtschaftssoziologische Sicht auf kapitalistische Gesellschaften entwickelt hat. Fligstein hat mit der These von der sozialen Konstruktion oder Architektur von Märkten auf die Bedeutung des Staates und der modernen Unternehmen aufmerksam gemacht und die institutionelle Rahmung des Wirtschaftslebens in den Mittelpunkt gerückt. Der Band hat nach seinem Erscheinen für große Aufmerksamkeit gesorgt und gilt zu Recht als eine der wegweisenden Aufsatzsammlungen der neueren Wirtschaftssoziologie.

Wie kann man moralisch leben

Author: Harry Redner
Publisher: W. Kohlhammer Verlag
ISBN: 9783170176669
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Redner geht zwei fundamentalen Fragen nach: Warum soll man ein moralisches, ein gutes Leben fuhren? Und: Wie ist das unter den Bedingungen der Gegenwart moglich?Zunachst gilt es, die Ethik-Typen und ihre Geschichte naher kennen zu lernen, um die gegenwartige ethische Situation mit ihren Spannungen und Defiziten zu verstehen. In Traditionen wachsen wir heute kaum noch hinein. Wir mussen sie regelrecht studieren, um schliesslich fur uns selbst die Frage beantworten zu konnen, worin ethisches Leben in einer Welt der staatlich verwalteten Anspruche und Notlagen noch bestehen und was uns zu einem solchen Leben bewegen kann.Unter dem Einfluss einschneidender Veranderungen in Staat und Gesellschaft - zunehmende Regulierung und Vergesetzlichung, extrem marktorientiertes Denken und Handeln, dominierende Funktion der Medien - ist das ethische Leben bereits stark beeintrachtigt. Immer deutlicher zeigt sich, dass das Individuum heute in seinen Rollen als Burger, als Person, als Mensch konkurrierenden ethischen Anspruchen unterworfen ist.Zur Reihe: Auf dem Hintergrund der offentlichen Diskussion behandelt die Reihe "Ethik aktuell" Fragen der Ethik, die jeden betreffen. Jeder Band der Reihe ist einem klar umrissenen Thema gewidmet und fragt nach Massstaben fur einen zentralen Bereich des individuellen und sozialen Lebens. Es werden Tendenzen unserer gegenwartigen gesellschaftlichen Praxis beleuchtet, moralphilosophische Positionen diskutiert und Antworten argumentativ entwickelt. Das erganzende Gesprach mit einer Personlichkeit des offentlichen Lebens unterstreicht den Bezug des jeweiligen Themas zur gesellschaftlichen Wirklichkeit