The Hidden Campaign FDR s Health and the 1944 Election

Author: Hugh E. Evans
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315499045
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In early 1944, with the outcome of World War II by no means certain, many in the United States felt that FDR, as wartime Commander-in-Chief, was an indispensable part of prosecuting the war to a victorious conclusion. Yet although only 62, Roosevelt was mortally ill with congestive heart disease - a fact that was carefully shielded from the American public prior to the election of 1944. In a media environment where we get more details about politicians' health than we sometimes prefer, it is hard to imagine how a paper as authoriative as The New York Times could describe FDR's death as "sudden and unexpected" on its front page. Dr. Hugh Evans looks at the issue of Roosevelt's health not only from a medical ethics perspective, but also with a keen eye for the political and media considerations that led to the decision to run and not disclose the extent of Roosevelt's illness.

Presidential Term Limits in American History

Author: Michael J. Korzi
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 1603442316
Format: PDF, ePub
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By successfully seeking a third term in 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt shattered a tradition that was as old as the American republic. The longstanding yet controversial two-term tradition reflected serious tensions in American political values. The framersof the Constitution, with Alexander Hamilton as their key spokesman, favored executive authority and unlimited terms for presidents. Yet, early presidents, most notably Thomas Jefferson, being wary of executive authority, established an informal tradition of presidents retiring after two terms. FDR's third-term pursuit in 1940 would accentuate these tensions over executive authority, with Roosevelt supporters citing the Hamiltonian argument for the continued service of a trusted leader in a time of crisis, and opponents espousing the Jeffersonian distrust of executive accumulation and retention of power. Ultimately, the Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1951, would establish the two-term tradition through law and represent a victory for the Jeffersonian view. In this book, Michael J. Korzi recounts the history of the two-term tradition as well as the 'perfect storm' that enabled Roosevelt to break with that tradition. He also shows that Roosevelt and his close supporters made critical errors of judgment in 1943-44, particularly in seeking a fourth term against long odds that the ill president would survive it. Korzi's analysis offers a strong challenge to Roosevelt biographers who have generally whitewashed this aspect of his presidency and decision making. The case of Roosevelt points to both the drawbacks and the benefits of presidential term limits. Furthermore, Korzi's extended consideration of the seldom-studied Twenty-second Amendment and its passage reveals not only vindictive and political motivations (it was unanimously supported by Republicans), but also a sincere distrust of executive power that dates back to America's colonial and constitutional periods.

Caring for the Heart

Author: W Bruce Fye
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199982376
Format: PDF, ePub
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This groundbreaking book weaves together three important themes. It describes major developments in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease in the twentieth century, explains how the Mayo Clinic evolved from a family practice in Minnesota into one of the world's leading medical centers, and reveals how the invention of new technologies and procedures promoted specialization among physicians and surgeons. Caring for the Heart is written for general readers as well as health care professionals, historians, and policy analysts. Unlike traditional institutional or disease-focused histories, this book places individuals and events in national and international contexts that emphasize the interplay of medical, scientific, technological, social, political, and economic forces that have resulted in contemporary heart care. Patient stories and media perspectives are included throughout to help general readers understand the medical and technological developments that are described. The book is a synthetic study, but it is written so that readers may pick and choose the chapters of most interest to them. Another feature of the book is that readers may follow the stories without looking at the notes. Those who are interested in delving deeper into the main topics will find a wealth of carefully chosen references that offer greater detail and additional perspectives. The descriptions and interpretations that fill the book benefit from the fact that the author has been a practicing cardiologist and medical historian for almost four decades. This is mainly a twentieth-century story, but it begins earlier--before there were physicians who were identified as cardiologists and at a time when medical specialization was just emerging in America. The final chapter, which addresses present-day concerns about health care costs, counterbalances earlier ones that might be read as celebrations of new technologies.

FDR Dewey and the Election of 1944

Author: David M. Jordan
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253356830
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Although the presidential election of 1944 placed FDR in the White House for an unprecedented fourth term, historical memory of the election itself has been overshadowed by the war, Roosevelt's heath and his death the following April, Truman's ascendancy and the decision to drop the atomic bomb. With its insider accounts of party politics and campaigning for votes in the shadow of war, this engrossing account reveals a fascinating chapter in American political history.

Harvard Medical School Guide to Healing Your Sinuses

Author: Ralph Metson
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780071466448
Format: PDF, Docs
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From a leading expert at one of the world's most respected medical schools----learn how to beat sinus infections once and for all Nobody needs to tell you how painful and annoying sinus problems can be--the pounding headaches and congestion, the perpetually runny nose, and the debilitating fatigue, not to mention sleepless nights, lost work, and ruined vacations. Now you can do something about it by learning what a top expert tells his patients. In The Harvard Medical School Guide to Healing Your Sinuses, Ralph B. Metson, M.D., a third-generation ear, nose, and throat specialist with more than twenty years of experience, tells you everything you need to know about taming your aching sinuses. A leading national authority in the field, Dr. Metson fills you in on: The ABCs of sinusitis, and how to identify the cause of your symptoms The entire range of treatments--from saltwater irrigation to laser surgery The pros and cons of decongestants, antibiotics, and steroids What to expect from surgery, and whether you're likely to benefit from it How to develop a total sinus management plan tailored to your needs About Harvard Medical School Health Guides Harvard Medical School guides give you the knowledge you need to understand and take control of your health. In every book, a world-renowned expert from Harvard Medical School provides you with the latest information on diagnosis, traditional and alternative treatments, home remedies, and lifestyle changes that can make a powerful difference in your health.

FDR s Deadly Secret

Author: Eric Fettmann
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0786746254
Format: PDF
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The death of Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1945 sent shock waves around the world. His lifelong physician swore that the president had always been a picture of health. Later, in 1970, Roosevelt's cardiologist admitted he had been suffering from uncontrolled hypertension and that his death—from a cerebral hemorrhage—was “a cataclysmic event waiting to happen.” But even this was a carefully constructed deceit, one that began in the 1930s and became acutely necessary as America approached war. In this great medical detective story and narrative of a presidential cover-up, an exhaustive study of all available reports of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's health, and a comprehensive review of thousands of photographs, an intrepid physician-journalist team reveals that Roosevelt at his death suffered from melanoma, a skin cancer that had spread to his brain and abdomen. Roosevelt's condition was not only physically disabling, but also could have affected substantially his mental function and his ability to make decisions in the days when the nation was imperiled by World War II.

A Companion to Franklin D Roosevelt

Author: William D. Pederson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444395173
Format: PDF, Docs
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A Companion to Franklin D. Roosevelt presents a collection of historiographical essays by leading scholars that provides a comprehensive review of the scholarship on the president who led the United States through the tumultuous period from the Great Depression to the waning days of World War II. Represents a state-of-the-art assessment of current scholarship on FDR, the only president elected to four terms of office and the central figure in key events of the first half of the 20th century Covers all aspects of FDR's life and times, from his health, relationships, and Supreme Court packing, to New Deal policies, institutional issues, and international relations Features 35 essays by leading FDR scholars