The History and Practice of Ancient Astronomy

Author: James Evans
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199874453
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The History and Practice of Ancient Astronomy combines new scholarship with hands-on science to bring readers into direct contact with the work of ancient astronomers. While tracing ideas from ancient Babylon to sixteenth-century Europe, the book places its greatest emphasis on the Greek period, when astronomers developed the geometric and philosophical ideas that have determined the subsequent character of Western astronomy. The author approaches this history through the concrete details of ancient astronomical practice. Carefully organized and generously illustrated, the book can teach readers how to do real astronomy using the methods of ancient astronomers. For example, readers will learn to predict the next retrograde motion of Jupiter using either the arithmetical methods of the Babylonians or the geometric methods of Ptolemy. They will learn how to use an astrolabe and how to design sundials using Greek and Roman techniques. The book also contains supplementary exercises and patterns for making some working astronomical instruments, including an astrolabe and an equatorium. More than a presentation of astronomical methods, the book provides a critical look at the evidence used to reconstruct ancient astronomy. It includes extensive excerpts from ancient texts, meticulous documentation, and lively discussions of the role of astronomy in the various cultures. Accessible to a wide audience, this book will appeal to anyone interested in how our understanding of our place in the universe has changed and developed, from ancient times through the Renaissance.

Greek Science of the Hellenistic Era

Author: Georgia L. Irby-Massie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113455639X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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We all want to understand the world around us, and the ancient Greeks were the first to try and do so in a way we can properly call scientific. Their thought and writings laid the essential foundations for the revivals of science in medieval Baghdad and renaissance Europe. Now their work is accessible to all, with this invaluable introduction to c.100 scientific authors active from 320 BCE to 230 CE. The book begins with an outline of a new socio-political model for the development and decline of Greek science, followed by eleven chapters that cover the main disciplines: * the science which the Greeks saw as fundamental - mathematics * astronomy * astrology and geography * mechanics * optics and pneumatics * the non-mathematical sciences of alchemy, biology, medicine and 'psychology'. Each chapter contains an accessible introduction on the origins and development of the topic in question, and all the authors are set in context with brief biographies.

Early Man and the Cosmos

Author: Evan Hadingham
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 9780806119199
Format: PDF, Docs
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An examination of ancient astronomy looks at the myths and beliefs about the heavens that influenced everyday life in these primitive cultures

Astronomy Across Cultures

Author: Helaine Selin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401141797
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Astronomy Across Cultures: A History of Non-Western Astronomy consists of essays dealing with the astronomical knowledge and beliefs of cultures outside the United States and Europe. In addition to articles surveying Islamic, Chinese, Native American, Aboriginal Australian, Polynesian, Egyptian and Tibetan astronomy, among others, the book includes essays on Sky Tales and Why We Tell Them and Astronomy and Prehistory, and Astronomy and Astrology. The essays address the connections between science and culture and relate astronomical practices to the cultures which produced them. Each essay is well illustrated and contains an extensive bibliography. Because the geographic range is global, the book fills a gap in both the history of science and in cultural studies. It should find a place on the bookshelves of advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars, as well as in libraries serving those groups.

Astronomie f r Dummies

Author: Stephen P. Maran
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527687459
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Finden auch Sie die Weiten des Kosmos faszinierend und fragen sich, wie Wissenschaftler so viel über Objekte in unerreichbarer Ferne wissen können? "Astronomie für Dummies" bringt Ihnen die Weiten des Universums näher: Erkunden Sie unser Sonnensystem, ferne Galaxien und die Milchstraße. Lesen Sie wie in einem Krimi von schwarzen Löchern, dem Asteroidengürtel und der Entstehung des Universums. Außerdem gibt Stephen Maran viele Tipps zur richtigen Ausrüstung eines Astronomen. So können Sie schon bald selbst nach den Sternen greifen.