The History of Human Rights

Author: Micheline R. Ishay
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520256415
Format: PDF, Docs
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"This well-written book, chock-full of knowledge, presents a history of the idea, or ideas, of human rights through the prism of the author's thoughtful views on key controversies that bedevil human rights discourse to this day."--Professor Sir Nigel Rodley, Chair, University of Essex Human Rights Centre; Member, (UN) Human Rights Committee

The Human Rights Reader

Author: Micheline Ishay
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0415951607
Format: PDF, ePub
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'The Human Rights Reader' explores the changing concept and practice of human rights through the writings of religious humanists, major legal documents, political speeches, and key theoretical approaches. This second edition contains new sections on globalisation and the war on terrorism.

The Concise Guide to Global Human Rights

Author: Daniel Fischlin
Publisher: Black Rose Books Ltd.
ISBN: 9781551642949
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In a world facing the growing challenges of globalized apartheid and pandemic poverty, human rights will determine the future of every one of us and our sustainability as a species. This book allows us at least to reclaim our hope in that future.”—Roger Clark, former secretary general of Amnesty International “An excellent roadmap for navigating the labyrinthian challenges posed by globalization. It should be used by human rights activists and students alike.”—Micheline Ishay, author of The History of Human Rights: From Ancient Times to the Era of Globalization “This eloquent call for the future of human rights and a just world order is a must read.”—Dr. Upendra Baxi, University of Warwick Much more than a simple “guide to global human rights,” this book is an urgently needed and sophisticated reflection on the vital nature of human rights in the twenty-first century. Daniel Fischlin and Martha Nandorfy argue convincingly that, when the environment, health, water, and food are more at risk than ever before, human rights must become the tangible expression of an “all-encompassing respect for life."

Human Rights in the Twentieth Century

Author: Stefan-Ludwig Hoffmann
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139494104
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Has there always been an inalienable 'right to have rights' as part of the human condition, as Hannah Arendt famously argued? The contributions to this volume examine how human rights came to define the bounds of universal morality in the course of the political crises and conflicts of the twentieth century. Although human rights are often viewed as a self-evident outcome of this history, the essays collected here make clear that human rights are a relatively recent invention that emerged in contingent and contradictory ways. Focusing on specific instances of their assertion or violation during the past century, this volume analyzes the place of human rights in various arenas of global politics, providing an alternative framework for understanding the political and legal dilemmas that these conflicts presented. In doing so, this volume captures the state of the art in a field that historians have only recently begun to explore.

Challenges in Human Rights

Author: Elisabeth Reichert
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231510349
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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By using human rights as a guidepost, social workers can help create social welfare policies that better serve societal needs. However, in applying human rights to contemporary situations, social workers often encounter challenges that require thinking outside the box. Bringing together provocative essays from a diverse range of authors, Elisabeth Reichert demonstrates how approaching social work from a human rights perspective can profoundly affect legislation, resource management, and enforcement of policies. Topics include the reconciliation of cultural relativism with universal human rights; the debate over whether human rights truly promote economic and social development or simply allow economically developed societies to exploit underdeveloped countries; the role of gender in the practice of human rights; the tendency to promote political and civil rights over economic and social rights; and the surprising connection between the social work and legal professions.

The Twilight of Human Rights Law

Author: Eric Posner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199313466
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Countries solemnly intone their commitment to human rights, and they ratify endless international treaties and conventions designed to signal that commitment. At the same time, there has been no marked decrease in human rights violations, even as the language of human rights has become the dominant mode of international moral criticism. Well-known violators like Libya, Saudi Arabia, and Sudan have sat on the U.N. Council on Human Rights. But it's not just the usual suspects that flagrantly disregard the treaties. Brazil pursues extrajudicial killings. South Africa employs violence against protestors. India tolerate child labor and slavery. The United States tortures. In The Twilight of Human Rights Law--the newest addition to Oxford's highly acclaimed Inalienable Rights series edited by Geoffrey Stone--the eminent legal scholar Eric A. Posner argues that purposefully unenforceable human rights treaties are at the heart of the world's failure to address human rights violations. Because countries fundamentally disagree about what the public good requires and how governments should allocate limited resources in order to advance it, they have established a regime that gives them maximum flexibility--paradoxically characterized by a huge number of vague human rights that encompass nearly all human activity, along with weak enforcement machinery that churns out new rights but cannot enforce any of them. Posner looks to the foreign aid model instead, contending that we should judge compliance by comprehensive, concrete metrics like poverty reduction, instead of relying on ambiguous, weak, and easily manipulated checklists of specific rights. With a powerful thesis, a concise overview of the major developments in international human rights law, and discussions of recent international human rights-related controversies, The Twilight of Human Rights Law is an indispensable contribution to this important area of international law from a leading scholar in the field.

The Right to Health in International Law

Author: John Tobin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199603294
Format: PDF, Docs
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Lack of access to health care is one of the fundamental problems facing people in both developing and developed countries. This book examines the history, foundation, and meaning of the right to health in international law. It concludes that it is possible to offer an understanding of this right that is practical and capable of being implemented.

Advancing the Human Right to Health

Author: José M. Zuniga
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191637645
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Advancing the Human Right to Health offers a prospective on the global response to one of the greatest moral, legal, and public health challenges of the 21st century - achieving the human right to health as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other legal instruments. Featuring writings by global thought-leaders in the world of health human rights, the book brings clarity to many of the complex clinical, ethical, economic, legal, and socio-cultural questions raised by injury, disease, and deeper determinants of health, such as poverty. Much more than a primer on the right to health, this book features an examination of profound inequalities in health, which have resulted in millions of people condemned to unnecessary suffering and hastened deaths. In so doing, it provides a thoughtful account of the right to health's parameters, strategies on ways in which to achieve it, and discussion of why it is so essential in a 21st century context. Country-specific case studies provide context for analysing the right to health and assessing whether, and to what extent, this right has influenced critical decision-making that makes a difference in people's lives. Thematic chapters also look at the specific challenges involved in translating the right to health into action. Advancing the Human Right to Health highlights the urgency to build upon the progress made in securing the right to health for all, offering a timely reminder that all stakeholders must redouble their efforts to advance the human right to health.

In Defence of Principles

Author: Andrew S. Thompson
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774859636
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Since 9/11 and the onset of the "war on terror," the principal challenge confronting liberal democracies has been to balance freedom with security and individual with collective rights. This book sheds new light on the evolution of human rights norms in liberal democracies by charting the activism of four Canadian NGOs on issues of refugee rights, hate speech, and the death penalty, including their use of difficult, often controversial legal cases as platforms to assert human rights principles and shape judicial policy-making. The struggles of these NGOs reveal not only the fragility but also the resilience of ideas about rights in liberal democracies.

Beholden

Author: Susan R. Holman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190228237
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Winner of the 2016 Grawemeyer Award in Religion Global health efforts today are usually shaped by two very different ideological approaches: a human rights-based approach to health and equity-often associated with public health, medicine, or economic development activities; or a religious or humanitarian "aid" approach motivated by personal beliefs about charity, philanthropy, missional dynamics, and humanitarian "mercy." The underlying differences between these two approaches can create tensions and even outright hostility that undermines the best intentions of those involved. In Beholden: Religion, Global Health, and Human Rights, Susan R. Holman--a scholar in both religion and the history of medicine--challenges this traditional polarization by telling stories designed to help shape a new perspective on global health, one that involves a multidisciplinary integration of religion and culture with human rights and social justice. The book's six chapters range broadly, describing pilgrimage texts in the Christian, Hindu, Buddhist, and Islamic traditions; the effect of ministry and public policy on nineteenth-century health care for the poor; the story of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as it shaped economic, social, and cultural rights; a "religious health assets" approach based in Southern Africa; and the complex dynamics of gift exchange in the modern faith-based focus on charity, community, and the common good. Holman's study serves as an insightful guide for students and practitioners interested in improving and broadening the scope of global health initiatives, with an eye towards having the greatest impact possible.