The Hoods

Author: Heather Hamill
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400836735
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A distinctive feature of the conflict in Northern Ireland over the past forty years has been the way Catholic and Protestant paramilitaries have policed their own communities. This has mainly involved the violent punishment of petty criminals involved in joyriding and other types of antisocial behavior. Between 1973 and 2007, more than 5,000 nonmilitary shootings and assaults were attributed to paramilitaries punishing their own people. But despite the risk of severe punishment, young petty offenders--known locally as "hoods"--continue to offend, creating a puzzle for the rational theory of criminal deterrence. Why do hoods behave in ways that invite violent punishment? In The Hoods, Heather Hamill explains why this informal system of policing and punishment developed and endured and why such harsh punishments as beatings, "kneecappings," and exile have not stopped hoods from offending. Drawing on a variety of sources, including interviews with perpetrators and victims of this violence, the book argues that the hoods' risky offending may amount to a game in which hoods gain prestige by displaying hard-to-fake signals of toughness to each other. Violent physical punishment feeds into this signaling game, increasing the hoods' status by proving that they have committed serious offenses and can "manfully" take punishment yet remained undeterred. A rare combination of frontline research and pioneering ideas, The Hoods has important implications for our fundamental understanding of crime and punishment.

Mafia Leben

Author: Federico Varese
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406700470
Format: PDF, ePub
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Was würden Sie tun, wenn Sie das Gefühl haben, dass Ihr Chef Sie gern loswerden möchte, in Ihrem Unternehmen aber leider die übliche Form der Entlassung nicht die Kündigung, sondern die Ermordung ist? Halten Sie es für besonders klug, einem Mafioso, der für seine Brutalität bekannt ist, ein Paket mit faulen Anleihen anzudrehen? Oder Ihrer Frau auszuplaudern, wer alles bei der Cosa Nostra nach Ihrer Pfeife tanzt, um Eindruck zu schinden? Federico Varese berichtet in seinem spannenden Buch vom Leben und Sterben der Mafiosi, das er so nah und privat erkundet hat wie kaum jemand vor ihm. Die Mafia ist eine verschlossene Welt voller Gewalt und Härte, in die kein Außenstehender je Einblick bekommt. Hinter den Mauern des Schweigens aber gibt es eine Gemeinschaft mit eigenen Regeln und Werten – und es gibt das Mafia-Leben. Federico Varese hat sich tief ins Herz des organisierten Verbrechens gewagt und kennt Gangster in Italien, Russland, Hongkong und Japan. Sein Buch gibt einen intimen Einblick in die Lebensweise der Mafiosi: die bizarren Rituale und schmutzigen Geschäfte, das Familienleben und den beruflichen Stress, das Sexualleben und die unerfreulichen Todesarten jener Männer, die zu den gefährlichsten Menschen der Welt gehören.

Building Peace in Northern Ireland

Author: Maria Power
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
ISBN: 1781388814
Format: PDF
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Since the onset of the troubles in the late 1960s, people in Northern Ireland have been working together to bring about a peaceful, non-violent end to the conflict. In doing so, they have used their efforts as a means to support the transition to a post-conflict society in the wake of the ceasefires and the Good Friday Agreement. This collection is the first to examine the different forms of peace and reconciliation work that have taken place. It brings together an international group of scholars to examine initiatives such as integrated education, faith-based peace building, cross-border co-operation and womens activism as well as the impact that government policy and European funding have had upon the development of peace and reconciliation organisations. This unique collection of essays demonstrates the contribution that such schemes have made to the peace process and the part that they can play in Northern Irelands future.

Children Young People and the Press in a Transitioning Society

Author: Faith Gordon
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137606827
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book assesses the implications of how children and young people are represented in print media in Northern Ireland – a post-conflict transitioning society. Gordon analyses how children and young people’s perceived involvement in anti-social and criminal behaviour is constructed and amplified in media, as well as in popular and political discourses. Drawing on deviancy amplification, folk devils and moral panics, this original study specifically addresses the labelling perspective and confirms that young people are convenient scapegoats – where their negative reputation diverts attention from the structural and institutional issues that are inevitable in a post-conflict society. Alongside content analysis from six months of print media and a case study on the representation of youth involvement in ‘sectarian’ rioting, this book also analyses interviews with editors, journalists, politicians, policy makers and a spokesperson for the Police Service of Northern Ireland. Noting the importance of prioritising the experiences of children, young people and their advocates, this timely and engaging research will be of specific interest to scholars and students of criminal justice, criminology, socio-legal studies, sociology, social policy, media studies, politics and law, as well as media professionals and policy makers.

Cal

Author: Bernard MacLaverty
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783257213874
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Euro

Author: Markus K. Brunnermeier
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406712347
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Etliche Beobachter sind der Ansicht, dass der Euro die aktuelle Krise nicht überleben wird. Anders die Ökonomen Markus Brunnermeier und Jean-Pierre Landau, ein Deutscher und ein Franzose, sowie der britische Wirtschaftshistoriker Harold James. Sie sehen ein Kernproblem des Euro in den unterschiedlichen Wirtschaftskulturen der Euroländer, insbesondere Deutschlands und Frankreichs, die es zu überwinden gilt. Seit der Eurokrise setzen die Mitgliedsländer wieder auf nationale Lösungen, statt gemeinsame Antworten auf die europäischen Probleme zu suchen. Der Kampf der Wirtschaftskulturen ist entbrannt. Während das föderal geprägte Deutschland in der Fiskalpolitik auf starren Regeln beharrt, verlangt das zentralistische Frankreich Stimulusprogramme und eine flexible Handhabung, die den Regierungen Ermessensspielräume lässt. Für die Deutschen sind Finanzierungsengpässe vorwiegend auf Insolvenzprobleme zurückzuführen, die struktureller Reformen bedürfen, wogegen die Franzosen sie als temporäre Liquiditätsprobleme ansehen, die mit einer staatlichen Überbrückungsfinanzierung zu bewältigen sind. Dieses Buch plädiert für die Überwindung dieser Frontstellungen zugunsten einer gemeinsamen europäischen Wirtschaftskultur. Es verbindet ökonomische Analyse und ideengeschichtliche Reflexion und entwirft einen Fahrplan für Europas Zukunft.

Divided We Stand

Author: John Horgan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199323925
Format: PDF, ePub
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Terrorism has returned to the streets of Northern Ireland. In the years after the 1998 Real IRA bombing of Omagh, which killed 29 people, violent dissident Republican groups have re-emerged as a major security threat to a region that has been denied peace, stability, and prosperity for too long. Those responsible have many names. They are breakaways, splinter factions, spoilers, and "residual" terrorists. The Real IRA, Continuity IRA, and Óglaigh na hÉireann are only some of the groups now responsible for a growing wave of bombings, shootings, threats, and intimidation across Northern Ireland. Commonly known as "the dissidents," these are the rejectionists for whom there seems to be no negotiated settlement, no peace deal, no consensus solution that will convince them to accept the will of the majority of the people on the island of Ireland. Divided We Stand: The Strategy and Psychology of Ireland's Dissident Terrorists presents the results of meticulous research conducted by the International Center for the Study of Terrorism at the Pennsylvania State University. Since 2007, John Horgan, Director of the center, has led a research project to monitor the activities of Ireland's new terrorists. Drawing on one of the largest open-source militant databases ever assembled, Divided We Stand describes the activities, histories, motivations, psychology, and strategy of the small, dynamic, and rapidly evolving splinter groups that continue to erode peace, stability, and normalization in Northern Ireland.

Schlachtplan

Author: Jimmy Boyle
Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
ISBN: 3462410962
Format: PDF
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Als Hero nach zwölf Jahren des Schreckens aus der psychiatrischen Haftanstalt frei kommt, findet er sich in einer Welt wieder, die fast noch schlimmer ist als die, die er hinter sich gelassen hat. Zusammen mit dem kleinwüchsigen Bonecrusher, der Schwarzen Witwe – einer Hure mit dem Herz am rechten Fleck –, dem Transvestiten Gloria und anderen ehemaligen Insassen der Anstalt entsinnt er einen aberwitzigen Plan, der nicht nur einem preisgekrönten Schlachtbullen das Leben rettet, sondern auch ihnen wirkliche Freiheit verschafft. Ein Schlachtplan, der wahre Größe hat, denn: „Die ultimative Rache ist: sich für das Gute entscheiden.“