The Impact of China s 1989 Tiananmen Massacre

Author: Jean-Philippe Béja
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136906843
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The 1989 pro-democracy movement in China constituted a huge challenge to the survival of the Chinese communist state, and the efforts of the Chinese Communist party to erase the memory of the massacre testify to its importance. This consisted of six weeks of massive pro-democracy demonstrations in Beijing and over 300 other cities, led by students, who in Beijing engaged in a hunger strike which drew wide public support. Their actions provoked repression from the regime, which - after internal debate - decided to suppress the movement with force, leading to a still-unknown number of deaths in Beijing and a period of heightened repression throughout the country. This book assesses the impact of the movement, and of the ensuing repression, on the political evolution of the People’s Republic of China. The book discusses what lessons the leadership learned from the events of 1989, in particular whether these events consolidated authoritarian government or facilitated its adaptation towards a new flexibility which may, in time, lead to the transformation of the regime. It also examines the impact of 1989 on the pro-democracy movement, assessing whether its change of strategy since has consolidated the movement, or if, given it success in achieving economic growth and raising living standards, it has become increasingly irrelevant. It also examines how the repression of the movement has affected the economic policy of the Party, favoring the development of large State Enterprises and provoking an impressive social polarisation. Finally, Jean-Philippe Béja discusses how the events of 1989 are remembered and have affected China’s international relations and diplomacy; how human rights, law enforcement, policing, and liberal thought have developed over two decades.

China s Crisis Management

Author: Associate Professor Department of International Relations Jae Ho Chung
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136634525
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"This book presents a comprehensive overview of crisis management in China. It considers economic, political and military crises, and also natural disasters and public health problems. In each area it considers the nature of potential crises and their possible effects, and the degree to which China is prepared to cope with crises."--Publisher's description.

The Institutional Dynamics of China s Great Transformation

Author: Xiaoming Huang
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113686654X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book examines the role of institutions in China’s recent large-scale economic, social and political transformation. Unlike existing literature, it offers perspectives from a variety of disciplines - including law, economics, politics, international relations and communication studies – to consider whether institutions form, evolve and change differently according to their historical or cultural environments and if their utilitarian functions can, and should be, observed, identified and measured in different ways.

Mandate of Heaven

Author: Orville Schell
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0684804476
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Discusses China's political, social, and economic situation

Tiananmen Square

Author: Andrew Langley
Publisher: Capstone
ISBN: 0756541018
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Tiananmen Square is a Capstone Press publication.

Die Volksrepublik China

Author: Klaus Mühlhahn
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110396564
Format: PDF, Docs
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In einzigartiger Weise bewegt sich die Geschichte der Volksrepublik China in einem Spannungsfeld zwischen Kommunismus, Kapitalismus und Tradition. Dabei hat das Land einen rasanten Aufstieg vom kommunistischen Entwicklungsland zur einer der größten globalen Wirtschaftsmächte durchlaufen. Das Lehrbuch bietet einen anschaulichen, leicht verständlichen Überblick über die wechselhafte Geschichte Chinas von 1949 bis zur Gegenwart, führt in die Forschungsdebatten zur Innen- und Außenpolitik sowie zur Entwicklung von Gesellschaft, Wirtschaft und Kultur ein und enthält eine ausführliche Bibliographie.


Author: Winston L. Y. Yang
Publisher: Occasional Papers Reprints
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989

Author: Jeff Hay
Publisher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC
ISBN: 0737751304
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Readers will examine the historical events leading up to and following China's 1989 Tiananmen Square protests. This volume looks at issues surrounding the incident such as the impact on democracy, the relationship between economic and political reform in China, and the legitimacy of the Tiananmen Papers of 2001. It also offers personal perspectives from people affected by the protests.

Japan s Security Relations with China since 1989

Author: Reinhard Drifte
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134406665
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Japan's Security Relations with China since 1989 raises the crucial question of whether Japan's political leadership which is still preoccupied with finding a new political constellation and with overcoming a deep economic crisis is able to handle such a complex policy in the face of an increasingly assertive China and a US alliance partner with strong swings between engaging and containing China's power. This study of the highly topical bilateral relationship will be of great interest to students and researchers in Japanese and Chinese Studies, Politics, International Relations and Security Studies.