The Indonesian Labour Market

Author: Shafiq Dhanani
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134404980
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The topics of unemployment, underemployment, wage trends and patterns, and the relationship between poverty and the labour market are of interest to all policy makers, researchers, academics and journalists concerned with economic development. This book traces the evolution of the Indonesian labour market between the early 1970s and late 2000s. This entails a (a) review of macroeconomic policies and their employment impact; (b) review of unemployment and underemployment trends; (c) review of wage trends and living standards; (d) relationship between poverty, inequality and the labour market; and (e) labour market regulations, employment and the business environment. The book comes up with a number of policy-relevant findings. Macroeconomic policies, particularly inflation targeting in the 2000-2007 period, have not been conducive to employment generation. The assumption that unemployment is an appropriate indicator of labour market performance and, more importantly, that it is closely aligned with poverty, is shown to be inaccurate. Sustained real wage growth in the twenty-year period before the 1997 financial crisis is contrasted with the lack of improvement since then, a period otherwise of respectable economic growth by international standards. The predicted adverse consequences of sweeping labour market regulations in 2000-2007 on properly measured employment, unemployment and labour costs did not materialize, mainly because of low compliance. It seems that a restrictive macroeconomic framework has been more constraining for employment growth than the perceived labour market rigidity during the post-crisis period. The book concludes with an evaluation of several ‘reactive’ and ‘proactive’ labour market policies. Though these are complementary, policy makers in Indonesia have probably put too much emphasis on reactive policies such minimum wage and severance pay, and not enough on proactive policies aimed at creating an adaptable and skilled workforce.

The Labour Markets of Emerging Economies

Author: Sandrine Cazes
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137325356
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The past few decades have witnessed the economic and geopolitical rise of a number of large middle-income countries around the world. This volume focuses on the labour market situations, trends and regulations in these emerging economies.

Transformation of Women at Work in Asia

Author: Sukti Dasgupta
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 938598506X
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book examines the drivers of, and barriers to, participation of women in the Asian labour market for its socio-economic development and structural transformation. Based on original comparative research and extensive fieldwork, Transformation of Women at Work in Asia highlights the commonalities as well as the diverse nature of challenges that women across Asia face in gaining access to more and better jobs. Findings show that women across the continent have contributed significantly to its spectacular growth story; yet, social norms and economic factors limit their levels of participation. The book calls for a comprehensive approach to improve opportunities for women’s participation in the labour market as well as for the freedom to engage in paid employment. This will, in turn, contribute to a more inclusive growth process. It addresses important challenges faced by women workers and provides policy options for governments to promote decent work opportunities for women across social strata.

Ungleichheit in kapitalistischen Gesellschaften

Author: Boike Rehbein
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783779929475
Format: PDF
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Long description: Das Buch legt eine neue Theorie sozialer Ungleichheit in Gegenwartsgesellschaften vor. Es stützt sich auf eigene empirische Forschung auf drei Kontinenten und argumentiert, dass Ungleichheit bisher unzureichend verstanden wurde, weil ausschließlich westliche Gesellschaften Grundlage der Interpretation waren. Das vorliegende Buch betrachtet Gesellschaft nicht als funktionales oder ökonomisches System, sondern als sinnhafte Praxis. Es zeigt auf, dass und wie die symbolische Vermittlung von Macht die strukturelle Wurzel der Ungleichheit bildet. Das Buch legt eine neue Theorie sozialer Ungleichheit in Gegenwartsgesellschaften auf der Basis empirischer Forschung auf drei Kontinenten vor. Es betrachtet Gesellschaft nicht als funktionales oder ökonomisches System, sondern als sinnhafte Praxis. Die zentrale These lautet, dass die symbolische Vermittlung von Macht die strukturelle Wurzel der Ungleichheit bildet. Die symbolische Welt kapitalistischer Gesellschaften zeichnet sich dadurch aus, dass sie wissenschaftlich begründet ist, Ungleichheit als meritokratisches Resultat der Konkurrenz gleicher Individuen erscheinen lässt und die überlieferte symbolische Ungleichheit zwischen Klassen von Menschen dadurch unsichtbar macht und reproduziert.

Institutional Change in Southeast Asia

Author: Fredrik Sjöholm
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134303130
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book examines the institutional changes taking place in, and challenges facing, the region since 1997. It also describes various differences in the reform process between countries in the region. Sjöholm and Tongzon argue that the economies of southeast Asia need to reform their institutions if the previous rapid development is to continue. The institutional weaknesses have been addressed to different degrees and with different success in the affected countries. Against the backdrop of southeast Asia's importance in the world economy, it is hardly possible to overestimate the need to understand this process of change.

Growth Employment and Poverty Reduction in Indonesia

Author: Iyanatul Islam
Publisher: International Labour Organisation
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This timely study examines the impact of policies on growth, employment, and poverty reduction in Indonesia, reviewing the periods both before and after the country's 1997 financial crisis and drawing important implications for today's policymakers. The authors analyze the Indonesian labor market and explore approaches to foster growth and poverty reduction. They argue that "deindustrialization," decline in employment elasticity, and lack of growth of real wages seem to be the key features of labor market performance in the post-1997 period. The book makes the case for a new reform agenda that empowers labor market institutions and prioritizes investment in public infrastructure and expenditure on human development over inflation targeting and fiscal conservatism. Focusing on the agriculture, manufacturing, construction, and services sectors, as well as assessing macroeconomic policies, this book addresses current challenges with respect to past and emerging trends. It advocates recognizing Indonesia's strengths and fostering a skilled workforce that can adapt and respond to the imperatives of industrial transformation.

Environmental Challenges in South East Asia

Author: Victor T. King
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113610626X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume discusses environmental change, natural resource exploitation and the prospect for ecological sustainability in Southeast Asia. The contributors including sociologists, geographers, anthropologists, economists, political economists and historians, presents the findings of recent archival and field research mainly from ongoing programmes of team research based in European universities and institutes. Among the themes discussed are European and indigenous perceptions of the environment; historical processes of environmental change; the politics of resource use; ecotourism and development; deforestation and smallholding land-use strategies; migration and environmental degradation; disease environment and human geography; demography, sustainability and resource exploitation.

Die industrialisierte Vagina

Author: Sheila Jeffreys
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3944442091
Format: PDF
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Die Industrialisierung der Prostitution und des Sexhandels hat einen viele Milliarden Dollar schweren globalen Markt geschaffen, der Millionen von Frauen betrifft und wesentlich zur Wirtschaft einzelner Länder als auch zur Weltwirtschaft beiträgt. „Die industrialisierte Vagina“ untersucht, wie sich Prostitution und andere Bereiche der Sexindustrie – einst sich im Verborgenen abspielende und gesellschaftlich verachtete Praktiken in kleinem Maßstab – zu sehr profitablen, seriösen Marktsektoren entwickelt haben, die von Regierungen legalisiert und entkriminalisiert wurden. Sheila Jeffreys demonstriert die Globalisierung der Prostitution, in dem sie nicht nur auf das Wachstum und die globale Ausbreitung der Pornografie und den Boom von Sexshops, Stripclubs und Begleitagenturen hinweist. Sie bezieht auch die Katalogbrautindustrie und die Zunahme von Sextourismus und Frauenhandel sowie Militärprostitution und sexuelle Gewalt im Krieg mit ein.

Beyond States and Markets

Author: Isabella Bakker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 041577585X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Seeking to extend our understanding of the contemporary global political economy, this book provides an important and original introduction to the current theoretical debates about social reproduction and argues for the necessity of linking social reproduction to specific contexts of power and production. It illustrates the analytic value of the concept of social reproduction through a series of case studies that examine the implications of how labor power is reproduced and how lives outside of work are lived. The issues examined in countries including the Ukraine, Chile, Spain, Nepal, India and Indonesia, consist of: Human trafficking and sex work Women and work Migration, labor and gender inequality Micro-credit programs and investing in women Health, biological reproduction and assisted reproductive technologies The book lends a unique perspective to the understandings of transformation in the global political economy precisely because of its simultaneous focus on the caring and provisioning of the everyday and its relationships to policies and decisions made at the national and international levels of both formal and informal institutions. With its multi-disciplinary approach, this book will be indispensable to students and scholars of International Political Economy, Development Studies, Gender or Women's Studies, International Studies, Globalization and International Relations.