The Judicial Process in Comparative Perspective

Author: Mauro Cappelletti
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book is the first application of the comparative method to the analysis of both the basic features of judicial process and their evolution and profound transformation in Europe and America. Cappelletti discusses the challenges facing the courts of justice and other adjudicatory agencies, and evaluates the solutions adopted by contemporary legal systems.

Human Rights and Judicial Review

Author: David M. Beatty
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9780792329688
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"Human Rights and Judicial Review: A Comparative Perspective" collects, in one volume, a basic description of the most important principles and methods of analysis followed by the major Courts enforcing constitutional Bills of Rights around the world. The Courts include the Supreme Courts of Japan, India, Canada and the United States, the Constitutional Courts of Germany and Italy and the European Court of Human Rights. Each chapter is devoted to an analysis of the substantive jurisprudence developed by these Courts to determine whether a challenged law is constitutional or not, and is written by members of these Courts who have had a prior academic career. The book highlights the similarities and differences in the analytical methods used by these courts in determining whether or not someone's constitutional rights have been violated. Students and scholars of constitutional law and human rights, judges and advocates engaged in constitutional litigation will find the book a unique and valuable resource.

The future of the European judicial system in a comparative perspective

Author: Ingolf Pernice
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Co
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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The future of the European judicial system and the constitutional role of the European courts were the topics of the 6th Colloquium of the European Constitutional Law Network (ECLN), which took place in Berlin in November 2005. It was jointly organized by the ECLN and the International Association of Constitutional Law (IACL). This book reflects the topics of the colloquium where judges from the European Courts and the highest national courts, and experts on European and Constitutional Law from all over the world exchanged experiences and developed concepts for future EU judicial architecture. Subjects like the composition of the courts, election procedures for the judges, and their relationship to the ordinary judiciary are compared, and the role of the ECJ in the European Judicial System is discussed.

Courts Law and Politics in Comparative Perspective

Author: Herbert Jacob
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300063790
Format: PDF, ePub
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This comprehensive book compares the intersection of political forces and legal practices in five industrial nations--the United States, England, France, Germany, and Japan. The authors, eminent political scientists and legal scholars, investigate how constitutional courts function in each country, how the adjudication of criminal justice and the processing of civil disputes connect legal systems to politics, and how both ordinary citizens and large corporations use the courts. For each of the five countries, the authors discuss the structure of courts and access to them, the manner in which politics and law are differentiated or amalgamated, whether judicial posts are political prizes or bureaucratic positions, the ways in which courts are perceived as legitimate forms for addressing political conflicts, the degree of legal consciousness among citizens, the kinds of work lawyers do, and the manner in which law and courts are used as social control mechanisms. The authors find that although the extent to which courts participate in policymaking varies dramatically from country to country, judicial responsiveness to perceived public problems is not a uniquely American phenomenon.

Constitutional Dialogues in Comparative Perspective

Author: S. Kenney
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0333982517
Format: PDF
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From Russia and Hungary to the United States and Canada, including Britain, France, and Germany, courts are increasingly recognised as political institutions that are important players in political systems. In addition, transnational courts such as the European Court of Justice and European Court of Human Rights are extending their reach and affecting more than ever the politics of member states. The book contains essays written by scholars of law and political science exploring in interdisciplinary fashion the relationship between law and politics in cross-national perspective, focusing principally on contemporary Europe.

The Birth of Judicial Politics in France

Author: Alec Stone
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195070348
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The French Constitutional Council, a quasi-judicial body created at the dawn of the Fifth Republic, functioned in relative obscurity for almost two decades until its emergence in the 1980s as a pivotal actor in the French policymaking process. Alec Stone focuses on how this once docile institution, through its practice of constitutional review, has become a meaningfully autonomous actor in the French political system. After examining the formal prohibition against judicial review in France, Stone illustrates how politicians and the Council have collaborated over the course of the last decade, often unintentionally and in the service of contradictory agendas, to significantly enhance Council's power. While the Council came to function as a third house of Parliament, the legislative work of the government and Parliament was meaningfully "juridicized." Through a discussion of broad theoretical issues, Stone then expands the scope of his analysis to the politics of constitutional review in Germany, Spain, and Austria.

The Rule of Law in Comparative Perspective

Author: Mortimer Sellers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048137497
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This volume compares the different conceptions of the rule of law that have developed in different legal cultures. It describes the social purposes and practical applications of the rule of law and how it might be improved in the varied circumstances.

Judicial Activism in Comparative Perspective

Author: Kenneth M. Holland
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349117749
Format: PDF
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The theme of this book is judicial activism in industrialized democracies, with a chapter on the changing political roles of the courts in the Soviet Union. Eleven contributors describe the extent to which the highest courts in their country of expertise have embraced the making of public policy.

The Class Action in Common Law Legal Systems

Author: Rachael Mulheron
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847310966
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Multi-party litigation is a world-wide legal process, and the class action device is one of its best-known manifestations. As a means of providing access to justice and achieving judicial economies, the class action is gaining increasing endorsement - particularly given the prevalence of mass consumerism of goods and services, and the extent to which the activities and decisions of corporations and government bodies can affect large numbers of people. The primary purpose of this book is to compare and contrast the class action models that apply under the federal regimes of Australia and the United States and the provincial regimes of Ontario and British Columbia in Canada. While the United States model is the most longstanding, there have now been sufficient judicial determinations under each of the studied jurisdictions to provide a constructive basis for comparison. In the context of the drafting and application of a workable class action framework, it is apparent that similar problems have been confronted across these jurisdictions, which in turn promotes a search for assistance in the experience and legal analysis of others. The book is presented in three Parts. The first Part deals with the class action concept and its alternatives, and also discusses and critiques the stance of England where the introduction of the opt-out class action model has been opposed. The second Part focuses upon the various criteria and factors governing commencement of a class action (encompassing matters such as commonality, superiority, suitability, and the class representative). Part 3 examines matters pertaining to conduct of the action itself (such as becoming a class member, notice requirements, settlement, judgments, and costs and fees). The book is written to have practical utility for a wide range of legal practitioners and professionals, such as: academics and students of comparative civil procedure and multi-party litigation; litigation lawyers who may use the reference materials cited to the benefit of their own class action clients; and those charged with law reform who look to adopt the most workable (and avoid the unworkable) features in class action models elsewhere.

Law and Legal Culture in Comparative Perspective

Author: Günther Doeker-Mach
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
ISBN: 9783515085601
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Comparative legal studies are at last commanding the thoughts of contemporary jurists� Alice ES Tay. Drawing on an impressive ancestry in comparative law, the 22 contributions in this volume by authors from Asia, Australia and Europe go further in their complex conception of law and culture. They look at the new principles and concepts of a transnational, global law in new, multiple contexts and in diverse juxtapositions with new institutions and authorities. In an unplanned but cohesive pattern the individual contributions together open a fresh vision of the use and value of comparative legal studies for the assessment of the function and limitations of the law of a global society.