The Language of Schooling

Author: Mary J. Schleppegrell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135620911
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
This book is about how language is used in the context of schooling. It demonstrates that the variety of English expected at school differs from the interactional language that students use for social purposes outside of school, and provides a linguistic analysis of the challenges of the school curriculum, particularly for non-native speakers of English, speakers of non-standard dialects, and students who have little exposure to academic language outside of schools. The Language of Schooling: A Functional Linguistics Perspective builds on current sociolinguistic and discourse-analytic studies of language in school, but adds a new dimension--the framework of functional linguistic analysis. This framework focuses not just on the structure of words and sentences, but on how texts are constructed--how particular grammatical choices create meanings in the different kinds of texts students are asked to read and write at school. The Language of Schooling: A Functional Linguistics Perspective *provides a functional description of the kinds of texts students are expected to read and write at school; *relates research from other sociolinguistic and language development perspectives to research from the systemic functional linguistics perspective; *focuses on the increasing linguistic demands of contexts of advanced literacy (middle school through college); *analyzes the genres typically encountered at school, with extensive description of the grammatical features of the expository essay, a gatekeeping genre for secondary school graduates; *reviews the grammatical features of disciplinary genres in science and history; and *argues for more explicit attention to language in teaching all subjects, with a particular focus on what is needed for the development of critical literacy. This book will enable researchers and students of language in education to recognize how the grammatical and discourse features of the language of schooling construct the content areas, role relationships, and purposes and expectations of schools. It also will enable them to better understand the nature of language itself and how it emerges from and helps to maintain social structures and institutions, and to apply these understandings to creating classroom environments that build on the strengths students bring to school.

Researching Language in Schools and Communities

Author: Len Unsworth
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9780826478719
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Researching Language in Schools and Communities is designed for those who intend to carry out and / or study research in children's language development, teaching English as a second language, children's literature, casual conversation, social class and language variation, classroom discourse, reading processes, teaching writing, literacy and curriculum area learning, critical literacies and related areas. The contributors are among the foremost researchers in these fields. In this book they introduce approaches to help investigate such areas in applied langauge research using systemic functional linguistics (SFL). A key purpose of this text is to facilitate the further engagement of language researchers with SFL perspectives, encouraging more collaborative transdisciplinary work across different fields of study and theoretical approaches in projects of mutual concern. The first two chapters outline the key aspects of SFL descriptions of the relationships between language and social context and the inter-related descriptions of text structures and grammatical systems. This provides sufficient background to enable those coming new to SFL to make productive, critical use of the research reviewed, studies described and advice on project design provided in the following chapters. Nevertheless, the book is an introductory resource and particular attention has been paid throughout to the extensive provision of clear references to more elaborated accounts of the important issues discussed.

Sprache im Fachunterricht

Author: Magdalena Michalak
Publisher: Narr Francke Attempto Verlag
ISBN: 3823378430
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Sprachliche Kompetenzen sind notwendige Voraussetzungen für das Lehren und Lernen in allen schulischen Fächern. Aber wie diese Kompetenzen identifizieren und fördern - gerade in Klassen, in denen viele Schüler über geringe Deutschkenntnisse verfügen und /oder Deutsch als Zweitsprache sprechen? Dieses Studienbuch bietet einen Überblick über den aktuellen Forschungsstand im Bereich Deutsch als Zweitsprache und sprachliche Förderung und führt in die Grundbegriffe und die didaktisch-methodischen Ansätze des sprachbewussten Unterrichts ein. Behandelt werden neben diagnostischen Fragen u.a. der Sprachbedarf aus fachsprachlicher Sicht und die Auswahl der Lehrmaterialien bis hin zum Ablauf einer sprachbewussten Unterrichtseinheit. Durch zahlreiche Beispiele und Übungsaufgaben mit Lösungen gewinnen Lehrkräfte aller Fächer einen neuen Blick auf ihren Unterricht: es werden Wege aufgezeigt, wie das fachliche und sprachliche Lernen miteinander verknüpft werden können.

Disciplinarity Functional Linguistic and Sociological Perspectives

Author: Frances Christie
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441142819
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Disciplinary knowledge is under threat in the modern world. Claims abound that we are entering a landscape in which the division of disciplines is obsolete, implying a commitment to outdated values in scholarship. Notions of 'discipline' are critiqued as reflecting social power and representing the worldview of dominant social groups. By addressing and challenging such claims, this edited collection argues that proclamations of the death of disciplines have been greatly overstated. Not only are the notions of disciplinarity still important for understanding how we come to know the world, but this volume demonstrates how significant disciplinarity is to understanding different forms of knowledge if we wish to improve the building of knowledge and educational practice. Using analytical tools from systemic functional linguistics theory and social realist sociology, this volume illustrates how different disciplines can collaborate and cross-fertilize successfully, without losing their distinctive insights and disciplinary integrity. The subsequent theory developed will thereby extend both linguistic and sociological approaches to the topic and make a major contribution to educational theory.

Textlinguistik und Textgrammatik

Author: Christina Gansel
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 9783525265444
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Die InhaltsverzeichnisEinführung macht Studierende mit verschiedenen Textbeschreibungsmodellen und Problemen der Textlinguistik vertraut und befähigt zur Analyse analoger und digitaler Textsorten in verschiedenen Kommunikationsbereichen. Auf der Basis bestehender Modelle wird als neuer Ansatz ein kommunikativ-kognitives textlinguistisches und textgrammatisches Beschreibungsmodell entwickelt. Es ermöglicht eine realistische Beschreibung der Grammatik des Deutschen in Textsorten, die durch unterschiedliche Kommunikationsformen geprägt sind. Strukturelle Gegebenheiten der natürlichen gesprochenen Sprache sind dabei expliziter Bestandteil einer solchen Grammatik. Das Buch enthält mehrere Übungsteile, mit denen Studierende die gewonnenen Einsichten an realen Texten/Textsorten nachvollziehen und überprüfen können.

Functionalism in Linguistics

Author: René Dirven
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027215243
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
This volume offers a variety of viewpoints on the functional approach to the study of language. After an exposition of the Prague School functionalism, and Dik's and Halliday's functional approaches, it presents a wider area of text-linguistic, psycholinguistic, sociolinguistic, theoretical, descriptive and applied issues from a functional point of view, testifying of the very wide-spread and in-depth impact of functionalist thought on the present-day linguistic scene.

Reconnecting Language

Author: A. M. Simon-Vandenbergen
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027236593
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Although the contributors to this book do not belong to one particular 'school' of linguistic theory, they all share an interest in the external functions of language in society and in the relationship between these functions and internal linguistic phenomena. In this sense they all take a functional approach to grammatical issues. Apart from this common starting-point, the contributions share the aim of demonstrating the non-autonomous nature of morphology and syntax, and the inadequacy of linguistic models which deal with syntax, morphology and lexicon in separate, independent components. The recurrent theme throughout the book is the inseparability of lexis and morphosyntax, of structure and function, of grammar and society. The third and more specific common thread is case, which in some contributions is adduced to illustrate the more general point of the link between word form on the one hand and clausal and textual relations on the other hand, while in other papers it is at the centre of the discussion. The interest of the proposed volume consists in the fact that it brings together the views of leading scholars in functional linguistics of various 'denominations' on the place of morphosyntax in linguistic theory. The book provides convincing argumentation against a modular theory with autonomous levels (the dominant framework in mainstream 20th century linguistics) and is a plea for further research into the connections between the lexicogrammar and the linguistic and extralinguistic context.

Improving Reading Comprehension of Middle and High School Students

Author: Kristi L. Santi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319147358
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
This volume focuses on our understanding of the reading comprehension of adolescents in a high stakes academic environment. Leading researchers share their most current research on each issue, covering theory and empirical research from a range of specializations, including various content areas, English language learners, students with disabilities, and reading assessment. Topics discussed include: cognitive models of reading comprehension and how they relate to typical or atypical development of reading comprehension, reading in history classes, comprehension of densely worded and symbolic mathematical texts, understanding causality in science texts, the more rigorous comprehension standards in English language arts classes, balancing the practical and measurement constraints of the assessment of reading comprehension, understanding the needs and challenges of English language learners and students in special education with respect to the various content areas discussed in this book. This book is of interest to researchers in literacy and educational psychology as well as curriculum developers.

The Handbook of Intercultural Discourse and Communication

Author: Christina Bratt Paulston
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444354329
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
The Handbook of Intercultural Discourse and Communication brings together internationally-renowned scholars from a range of fields to survey the theoretical perspectives and applied work, including example analyses, in this burgeoning area of linguistics. Features contributions from established researchers in sociolinguistics and intercultural discourse Explores the theoretical perspectives underlying work in the field Examines the history of the field, work in cross-cultural communication, and features of discourse Establishes the scope of this interdisciplinary field of study Includes coverage on individual linguistic features, such as indirectness and politeness, as well as sample analyses of IDC exchanges