The Legacy of Mesoamerica

Author: Robert M. Carmack
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317346785
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Legacy of Mesoamerica: History and Culture of a Native American Civilization summarizes and integrates information on the origins, historical development, and current situations of the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica. It describes their contributions from the development of Mesoamerican Civilization through 20th century and their influence in the world community. For courses on Mesoamerica (Middle America) taught in departments of anthropology, history, and Latin American Studies.

Global Maya

Author: Liliana R. Gold’n
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 9780816529872
Format: PDF
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In the central highland Maya communities of Guatemala, the demands of the global economy have become a way of life. This book explores how rural peoples experience economic and cultural change as their country joins the global market, focusing on their thoughts about work and sustenance as a way of learning about GuatemalaÕs changing economy. For more than a decade, Liliana Gold’n observed in highland towns both the intensification of various forms of production and their growing links to wider markets. In this first book to compare economic ideology across a range of production systems, she examines how people make a living and how they think about their options, practices, and constraints. Drawing on interviews and surveysÑeven retellings of traditional narrativesÑshe reveals how contemporary Maya respond to the increasingly globalized yet locally circumscribed conditions in which they work. Gold’n presents four case studies: cottage industries devoted to garment production, vegetable growing for internal and border markets reached through direct commerce, crops grown for export, and wage labor in garment assembly factories. By comparing generational and gendered differences among workers, she reveals not only complexities of change but also how these complexities arereflected in changing attitudes, understandings, and aspirations that characterize peopleÕs economic ideology. Further, she shows that as rural people take on diverse economic activities, they also reinterpret their views on such matters as accumulation, cooperation, competition, division of labor, and community solidarity. Global Maya explores global processes in local terms, revealing the interplay of traditional values, household economics, and the inescapable conditions of demographic growth, a shrinking land base, and a global economy always looking for cheap labor. It offers a wealth of new insights not only for Maya scholars but also for anyone concerned with the effects of globalization on the Third World.

Cahokia

Author: Timothy R. Pauketat
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101105178
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The fascinating story of a lost city and an unprecedented American civilization While Mayan and Aztec civilizations are widely known and documented, relatively few people are familiar with the largest prehistoric Native American city north of Mexico-a site that expert Timothy Pauketat brings vividly to life in this groundbreaking book. Almost a thousand years ago, a city flourished along the Mississippi River near what is now St. Louis. Built around a sprawling central plaza and known as Cahokia, the site has drawn the attention of generations of archaeologists, whose work produced evidence of complex celestial timepieces, feasts big enough to feed thousands, and disturbing signs of human sacrifice. Drawing on these fascinating finds, Cahokia presents a lively and astonishing narrative of prehistoric America.

People of the Peyote

Author: Stacy B. Schaefer
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 9780826319050
Format: PDF, Kindle
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People of the Peyoteexplores the Huichol Indians of Mexico, who are best known for their worship of the peyote cactus. Ritually harvested each year, the peyote flower plays a central role in most Huichol observances of the annual ceremonial round. The Huichols have been the most culturally persistent indigenous group in Mexico and have maintained their pre-Christian religion with only minimal accommodation to Catholicism. Eighteen essays explore Huichol ethnography, ethnohistory, shamanism, religion, mythology, art, ethnobotany, society, and other topics. The authors, including Huichol contributors, are an international array of scholars on the Huichols and indigenous peoples of Mexico.

Tecpan Guatemala

Author: Edward F Fischer
Publisher: Westview Press
ISBN: 0813337224
Format: PDF, ePub
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What does it mean to be Maya in the modern world? Focusing on a Guatemalan town, this case study explores the cultural, political, and economic changes of this society over time.

Mesoamerica s Classic Heritage

Author: David Carrasco
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780870816376
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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For more than a millennium the great Mesoamerican city of Teotihuacan (c. 150 B.C.E. - 750 C.E.) has been imagined and reimagined by a host of subsequent cultures, including our own. Mesoamerica's Classic Heritage engages the subject of the unity and diversity of pre-Hispanic Mesoamerica by focusing on the classic heritage of this ancient city. This new volume is the product of several years of research by members of Princeton University's Moses Mesoamerican Archive and Research Project and Mexico's Proyecto Teotihuacán. Offering a variety of disciplinary perspectives - including the history of religions, anthropology, archaeology, and art history - and a wealth of new data, Mesoamerica's Classic Heritage examines Teotihuacan's rippling influence across Mesoamerican time and space, including important patterns of continuity and change, and its relationships, both historical and symbolic, with Tenochtitlan, Cholula, and various Maya communities. The contributors to Mesoamerica's Classic Heritage offer a wide range of individual interpretations, but they agree that Teotihuacan, more than any other pre-Hispanic center, was a paradigmatic source that formed the art and architecture, cosmology and ritual life, and conceptions of urbanism and political authority for significant parts of the Mesoamerican world. This great city achieved the prestige of being the site of the creation of the cosmos and of effective social and political space in Mesoamerica through its capacity to symbolize, perform, and export its imperial authority. These essays reveal the different ways in which Teotihuacan's classic heritage both fed and fed on the dynamic interactivity of the entire area. Whether or not a paradigm shift in Mesoamerican studies is taking place, certainly a new contextual understanding of Teotihuacan and the diversities and unities of Mesoamerica is emerging in these pages.

Uprising of Hope

Author: Jeanne Simonelli
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 0759115001
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Drawing on decades-long relationships and fieldwork with the Zapatistas of south-eastern Mexico, cultural anthropologists Duncan Earle and Jeanne Simonelli reveal a complex portrait of a people struggling with self-determination on every level. Combining their own compelling narrative as participant-observers, and those of their Chaipas compadres, the authors effectively call for an activist approach to research, resulting in an ethnography that is at once analytical and deeply personal. Uprising of Hope is compelling reading for scholars and general readers of anthropology, social justice, ethnography, Latin American history and ethnic studies.

Gender and Power in Prehispanic Mesoamerica

Author: Rosemary A. Joyce
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292779739
Format: PDF, ePub
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Gender was a fluid potential, not a fixed category, before the Spaniards came to Mesoamerica. Childhood training and ritual shaped, but did not set, adult gender, which could encompass third genders and alternative sexualities as well as "male" and "female." At the height of the Classic period, Maya rulers presented themselves as embodying the entire range of gender possibilities, from male through female, by wearing blended costumes and playing male and female roles in state ceremonies. This landmark book offers the first comprehensive description and analysis of gender and power relations in prehispanic Mesoamerica from the Formative Period Olmec world (ca. 1500-500 BC) through the Postclassic Maya and Aztec societies of the sixteenth century AD. Using approaches from contemporary gender theory, Rosemary Joyce explores how Mesoamericans created human images to represent idealized notions of what it meant to be male and female and to depict proper gender roles. She then juxtaposes these images with archaeological evidence from burials, house sites, and body ornaments, which reveals that real gender roles were more fluid and variable than the stereotyped images suggest.

Atlantis in America

Author: Lewis Spence
Publisher: Book Tree
ISBN: 9781885395979
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Atlantis is a legendary continent that is said to have disappeared very suddenly in the ancient past. Spence puts forth evidence that Atlantis was located in the Western hemispherein and around Central America. He does a great job comparing Indian myths from various lands including Peru, Brazil, Central America, North America, and the Atlantean story from the great philosopher, Plato. Many myths duplicate themselves between cultures, leading one to believe in a common source. That source, according to Spence, was Atlantis. The one book on Atlantis that should not be missed.