The Logic of Collective Action

Author: Mancur OLSON
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674283279
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book develops an original theory of group and organizational behavior that cuts across disciplinary lines and illustrates the theory with empirical and historical studies of particular organizations. Applying economic analysis to the subjects of the political scientist, sociologist, and economist, Mancur Olson examines the extent to which individuals who share a common interest find it in their individual interest to bear the costs of the organizational effort.

Das Parteien Paradox

Author: Emanuel V. Towfigh
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161536977
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Demokratien weisen überall in der Welt Krisensymptome auf: Wahlbeteiligung, Akzeptanz politischer Entscheidungen und Vertrauen in die politischen Institutionen sinken stetig. Doch der Verdruss gilt nicht Demokratie und Politik, sondern Parteien und Politikern. Hier setzt Emanuel V. Towfigh an und geht der Frage nach, in welchem Verhältnis die grundgesetzliche Konzeption von Demokratie zu ihrer institutionellen Umsetzung steht. Zunächst rekonstruiert er das vorherrschende Leitbild der demokratischen Ordnung, demzufolge der politische Wettbewerb widerstreitende Interessen zu gemeinwohldienlichen Entscheidungen aggregiert. Aber auch negative Wirkungen der politischen Parteien lassen sich, gleichsam spiegelbildlich, auf das überkommene Leitbild zurückführen. Politische Parteien haben also eine paradoxe Wirkung: Demokratische Entscheidungen lassen sich heute nicht ohne sie legitimieren, aber sie bescheren gleichzeitig dramatische Legitimationsprobleme. Will man die negativen Wirkungen der Parteien reduzieren, bedarf es einer Neuausrichtung des Leitbildes von Demokratie, für die die Arbeit erste Fluchtpunkte formuliert.

Macht Und Wohlstand

Author: Mancur Olson
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161481253
Format: PDF, Kindle
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English summary: Mancur Olson contends that governments can play an essential role in the development of markets. The reliable enforcement of private contracts and the protection of individual rights to property depend on governments strong enough to guarantee these rights yet constrained enough not to undermine them. German description: ... Wer eine aufgeklarte Analyse des sowjetischen Wirtschaftssystems sucht, stosst hier auf eine wahre Goldgrube. Von der Steigerung der Sparquote und der Investitionen durch Konfiskation, der Ankurbelung der Arbeitsmotivation durch progressive Stucklohne und leistungsabhangige Steuerdiskriminierung bis hin zur Einrichtung eines Systems gegenseitiger Kontrolle der Untergebenen - Olson verdeutlicht die ganze wohluberlegte brutale und listige Innovation stalinistischer Wirtschaftspolitik ....Karen Horn in Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung vom 17. Marz 2003, S. 12

The Drama of the Commons

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309169981
Format: PDF, ePub
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The "tragedy of the commons" is a central concept in human ecology and the study of the environment. It has had tremendous value for stimulating research, but it only describes the reality of human-environment interactions in special situations. Research over the past thirty years has helped clarify how human motivations, rules governing access to resources, the structure of social organizations, and the resource systems themselves interact to determine whether or not the many dramas of the commons end happily. In this book, leaders in the field review the evidence from several disciplines and many lines of research and present a state-of-the-art assessment. They summarize lessons learned and identify the major challenges facing any system of governance for resource management. They also highlight the major challenges for the next decade: making knowledge development more systematic; understanding institutions dynamically; considering a broader range of resources (such as global and technological commons); and taking into account the effects of social and historical context. This book will be a valuable and accessible introduction to the field for students and a resource for advanced researchers.

Affluence and Influence

Author: Martin Gilens
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400844827
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Can a country be a democracy if its government only responds to the preferences of the rich? In an ideal democracy, all citizens should have equal influence on government policy--but as this book demonstrates, America's policymakers respond almost exclusively to the preferences of the economically advantaged. Affluence and Influence definitively explores how political inequality in the United States has evolved over the last several decades and how this growing disparity has been shaped by interest groups, parties, and elections. With sharp analysis and an impressive range of data, Martin Gilens looks at thousands of proposed policy changes, and the degree of support for each among poor, middle-class, and affluent Americans. His findings are staggering: when preferences of low- or middle-income Americans diverge from those of the affluent, there is virtually no relationship between policy outcomes and the desires of less advantaged groups. In contrast, affluent Americans' preferences exhibit a substantial relationship with policy outcomes whether their preferences are shared by lower-income groups or not. Gilens shows that representational inequality is spread widely across different policy domains and time periods. Yet Gilens also shows that under specific circumstances the preferences of the middle class and, to a lesser extent, the poor, do seem to matter. In particular, impending elections--especially presidential elections--and an even partisan division in Congress mitigate representational inequality and boost responsiveness to the preferences of the broader public. At a time when economic and political inequality in the United States only continues to rise, Affluence and Influence raises important questions about whether American democracy is truly responding to the needs of all its citizens.

Public Choice

Author: J.N. van den Broeck
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401577846
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Harvard Economic Studies

Author: James K. Sebenius
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Law of the Sea (LOS) treaty resuited from some of the most complicated multilateral negotiations ever conducted. Difficult bargaining produced a remarkably sophisticated agreement on the financial aspects of deep ocean mining and on the financing of a new international mining entity. This book analyzes those negotiations along with the abrupt U.S. rejection of their results. Building from this episode, it derives important and subtle general rules and propositions for reaching superior, sustainable agreements in complex bargaining situations. Sebenius shows how agreements were possible among the parties because and not in spite of differences in their values, expectations, and attitudes toward time and risk. He shows how linking separately intractable issues can generate a zone of possible agreement. He analyzes the extensive role of a computer model in the LOS talks. Finally, he argues that in many negotiations neither the issues nor the parties are fixed and develops analytic techniques that predict how the addition or deletion of either issues or parties may affect the process of reaching agreement.